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fracture toughness

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001605
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... the tips of the cracks were evaluated using electron micrograph stereo image pairs to characterize local fracture toughness. To complete the failure analysis, nondestructive evaluation, metallographic examination, and chemical investigations were carried out. No secondary cracks could be found. Most...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001531
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
... toughness, KID, is obviously lower than static fracture toughness, KIC, and has the same trend as KIC. The ratio of KID/sigma YD is the most reasonable parameter to evaluate the fracture resistance of wheel steels with different composition and yield strength. Decreasing carbon content is beneficial to the...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001196
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... Abstract A forged alloy steel arm of a lifting fork with an approximate cross section of 150 x 240 mm (5.92 x 9.45 in.) fractured after only a short service life on a lift truck. The fracture surface had the appearance of a fracture originating from a surface crack. Analysis (visual inspection...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c0047508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... inspection tests should be performed. Fillet welds Plate metal Stress concentration Welding electrodes Fe-0.25C Joining-related failures Brittle fracture A tooth used on the digging edge of a large dragline bucket ( Fig. 1 ) failed after several weeks in service. The tooth was cast in...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... Toughness ASTM A441 Brittle fracture Fatigue fracture References 1. Tetelman A.S. , and McEuily A.J. , Fracture of Structural Materials John Wiley & Sons , 1967 . 2. Hertzburg R.W. , Deformation and Fracture Mechanics of Engineering Materials...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003530
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... inaccurate. In application, consideration of the plane strain state of stress is significant in understanding macroscale brittle fracture surface orientation in tensile loading and the difference in fracture toughness for plane stress and plane strain loading (see the section “Fracture Mechanics” in...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... history and consequently determines the resistance to crack propagation ( Ref 14 , 15 , 16 ). Investigations show that damage evolution ahead of the crack tip accounts for the discrepancies in fracture toughness of polymers ( Ref 17 ). These results suggest that examination of the material above and...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003542
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of fracture toughness often have predominately intergranular fracture. Therefore, the benefits of higher fracture toughness are often accompanied with increased difficulties in finding and identifying fracture origins. For the same reason, those tests for measuring fracture toughness that rely on...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003513
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... resistance (i.e., toughness). The second edition of the BSI PD 6493 ( Ref 6 ) presents failure assessments in the form of FADs using CTOD to characterize both crack-driving force and fracture toughness. The British Standards Institution has issued an updated and expanded version of PD 6493 as BS 7910 ( Ref 7...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... information on specific ions and substances, service environments, and preservice environments responsible for SCC. It details the analysis of SCC failures, which include on-site examination, sampling, observation of fracture surface characteristics, macroscopic examination, microscopic examination, chemical...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003550
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... chemicals can induce environmental stress cracking (ESC), an effect in which brittle fracture of a polymer will occur at a level of stress well below that required to cause failure in the absence of the ESC reagent. Finally, there are some chemicals that cause actual degradation of the polymer, breaking the...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001272
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Fracture mechanics Fracture toughness Galvanized steels Mechanical properties Stresses Tanks ASTM A446 grade B ASTM A446 grade F Brittle fracture References 1. Liaw P.K. and Landes J.D. , Metall. Trans. , Vol 17A , 1986 , p 473 . 2. Properties and...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... fractographic, metallographic, chemical, and mechanical property (tension and impact toughness) analyses were conducted. On the basis of the tests and observations, it was concluded that the failure was the combined result of poor notch toughness (impact) properties of the steel, high stresses in the joint area...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001128
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract Creep crack growth and fracture toughness tests were performed using test material machined from a seam welded ASTM A-155-66 class 1 (2.25Cr-1Mo) steel steam pipe that had been in service for 15 years. The fracture morphology was examined using SEM fractography. Dimpled fracture was...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001111
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... and arrested 100 mm (4 in.) down the slant web. Failure analysis revealed a major deficiency in fracture toughness. The failure occurred as a brittle fracture after the formation of a welding hot crack and approximately 40 mm (1 1 2 in.) of slow crack growth. It was recommended that bridges...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
.... While the material met chemical and mechanical property requirements, tests showed it had low fracture toughness and critical-sized flaws oriented normal to the principal stress in the failed junction piece. Fabrication procedures resulted in high residual stresses and a metallurgical notch at the...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003537
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... crack propagates so the roughest area on the fracture surface is usually the last to fail ( Fig. 3 ) ( Ref 27 ). Fracture surface roughness and the likelihood of crack bifurcation also increase with magnitude of the applied load and depend on the toughness of the material ( Fig. 4 ) ( Ref 28 ). Fig...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... , Understanding How Components Fail , 2nd ed. , ASM International , 1999 7. Spitzig W.A. , Pellister G.E. , Beachem C.D. , Brothers A.J. , Hill M. , and Warke W.R. , A Fractographic Analysis of the Relationships between Fracture Toughness and Surface Topography in...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001762
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... directly on the axles. This article provides a fractography/fracture mechanic approach to making the determination of when the axle failed. Full scale tests on axle assemblies and suspensions provided data for fracture toughness in the induction hardened outer case on the axle. These tests also...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c0089716
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
... propagated in a brittle manner as a result of service stresses acting on plate having low toughness at the low service temperatures encountered. On the basis of fracture toughness studies, it was suggested that the specifications for the steel plates be modified to include a toughness requirement: the...