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fracture resistance

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0046028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... in service were sent to the metallurgical laboratory for determination of the cause of failure. Fig. 1 Main-clutch stop arm of 8620 steel on which the case-hardened latch tip failed in service from brittle fracture because of low impact resistance and grinding burns. (a) View of stop arm showing...
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 11 Schematic relationship between wear resistance, hardness, and fracture toughness. Source: Ref 6 More
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 9 Relation between the resistance to vibrational fracture and the tensile strength (values taken from 6)). More
Image
Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 11 Schematic relationship between wear resistance, hardness, and fracture toughness. Source: Ref 6 More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001224
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... Abstract A recuperator for blast heating of a cupola furnace became unserviceable because of the brittle fracture of several finned tubes made of heat resistant cast steel containing 1.4C, 2.3Si and 28Cr. The service temperature was reported as 850 deg C. This led to the suspicion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001531
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
..., and ductility are mainly determined by the carbon content of wheel steels. The fatigue crack growth resistance is insensitive to composition and microstructure, while the fatigue crack initiation life increases with the decrease of austenite grain size and pearlite colony size. The dynamic fracture toughness...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001198
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... stress was raised locally by the sharp-edged groove, and second, the fracture resistance of the cast iron was lowered at this critical point by the existence of a ferritic bright border. To avoid such damage in the future it was recommended to observe one or more of the following precautions: 1...
Image
Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 53 Fractured axle spindle. FRW, friction resistance welding More
Image
Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 9 Optical micrograph of fractured electric resistance seam weld near the origin. Areas of high-temperature oxidation, recent corrosion, and mechanical damage are noted. More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006910
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... of a crack through the material of interest. Concerning the practical application of the J -integral, there are several procedures and methods for creating a fracture resistance parameter for ductile polymers. The basic approach was initially developed for metals and extended to the construction of crack...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... do not fracture as readily, and consequently, better abrasion resistance is obtained. Low-Stress, or Scratching, Abrasion Low-stress, or scratching, abrasion occurs when lightly loaded abrasive particles impinge on, and move across, the wear surface, cutting and plowing it on a microscopic...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... do not fracture as readily, and consequently, better abrasion resistance is obtained. Low-Stress, Or Scratching, Abrasion Low-stress, or scratching, abrasion occurs when lightly loaded abrasive particles impinge on, and move across, the wear surface, cutting and plowing it on a microscopic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... the expected demand was underestimated. Both sides of the equation (resistance and demand) must be considered, as well as the actual versus expected. Fractography and Welded Connections Fractography is a descriptive explanation of a fracture process, especially in metals, with specific reference...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006940
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... mechanical fatigue failure polymers thermal fatigue failure FAILURE OF STRUCTURAL polymeric materials under cyclic application of stress or strain is not only a subject of technical interest but one of industrial importance as well. Fracture of components is usually due to initiation and growth...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0048048
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... in the weld zone (up to 1.2 mm deep) were revealed during metallographic examination of a section through the fracture surface. The cracks were filled with scale which indicated that they had formed during resistance welding of the link. The defect was thus attributed to the weld defects which initiated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c9001567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
... extended radially from the electric resistant weld into the base metal. Metallographic examination revealed the cracks were transgranular and branching, characteristic of SCC in austenitic stainless steels. The fracture surfaces had a brittle cleavage-like appearance, typical of SCC in austenitic stainless...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001097
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...) 0.030 (max) Discussion Fractography established that fracture was by fatigue and that the fatigue cracking originated at corrosion pits. Therefore, corrosion resistance of the screws was a major factor. From a fatigue standpoint, the screws should not have been specified in the cold...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c9001413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... Abstract The fractured end of a piston rod of a hydraulic press failed in line with the leading face of the piston retaining nut. Although the nut apparently had been seated uniformly, the face was polished, indicating that relative movement between it and the piston had taken place. Failure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001394
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Abstract A 1-in. diam pump spindle fractured within the length covered by the boss of the impeller which was attached to the spindle by means of an axial screw. The pump had been in use in a chemical plant handling mixtures of organic liquids and dilute sulfuric acid having a pH value of 2 to 4...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0047681
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... axial compressor revealed the presence of a longitudinal crack over 50 mm (2 in.) long at the edge of a resistance seam weld. The vane was made of titanium alloy Ti-6Al-4V (AMS 4911). Investigation The crack was opened by fracturing the vane. The crack surface displayed fatigue beach marks...