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fracture morphology

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001128
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract Creep crack growth and fracture toughness tests were performed using test material machined from a seam welded ASTM A-155-66 class 1 (2.25Cr-1Mo) steel steam pipe that had been in service for 15 years. The fracture morphology was examined using SEM fractography. Dimpled...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c0090965
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... that no telltale fracture morphology remained. However, the investigation supported the conclusion that the crusher frame failed via brittle overload fracture, likely due to excessive service stresses and substandard mechanical properties. Recommendations included additional quality-control measures to provide...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001264
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...) surface of the plate and proceeded through its thickness. The fracture morphology was characteristic of fatigue. A beveled area on the inside surface of the plate indicated that the implant had been fractured for some time prior to removal. Metallographic examination of samples cut from the plate section...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0091036
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... the failed screws and two unused, exemplar fasteners from the same lot supported the conclusion that the cap screws appear to have failed due to hydrogen embrittlement, as revealed by delayed cracking and intergranular fracture morphology. Static brittle overload fracture occurred due to the tension preload...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... fracture morphologies observed in such cases and metallographic appearances of MnS-containing materials are illustrated. structural components fracture inclusions resulfurized steel stringers microstructural analysis fracture resistance AISI 11xx (resulfurized carbon steel) Introduction...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001715
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
...Abstract Abstract Microstructure, corrosion, and fracture morphologies of prestressed steel wires that failed in service on concrete siphons at the Central Arizona Project (CAP) are discussed. The CAP conveys water for municipal, industrial, and agricultural use through a system of canals...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c9001677
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... evaluated in order to establish both macroscopic and microscopic comparative behavior. These controlled tests produced known failure mechanisms and their respective fracture morphology in this material. A direct comparison could then be made with the unknown failure. The paper identifies a method...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001802
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... fracture modes and morphologies are generally consistent with those of ductile metals, such as austenitic stainless steel, with one exception: Nitinol exhibits a unique damage mechanism under high bending strain, where damage occurs at the compression side of tight bends or kinks while the tensile side...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001762
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... The pre-existing crack morphology was intergranular fracture in the axles studied. An estimate of the force required to cause the axle fracture can be made using the measured crack size, fracture toughness determined from these tests, and linear elastic fracture mechanics. The axle can be reliably said...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... steel arc damage SEM imaging fracture morphology spring steel (spring steel, general) Introduction Analysis Conclusion References References 1. Davis J.R. (ed.), ASM Metals Handbook Volume 12: Fractography ( ASM International , Materials Park , 1987 ), pp. 280 – 281...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001805
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... SEM image of a fracture surface (right side of image), is shown in Fig. 1 . SEM analysis revealed intergranular fracture morphology, as evidenced by grain boundary facets. Energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) of the fracture surface indicated the presence of chlorides. Examination of the exterior...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001318
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... that had been exposed to the hydrogen/ethylene mixture ( Fig. 3 and 4 ). Fig. 3 SEM micrograph showing surface deposits on the cylinder side of a disc exposed to hydrogen/ethylene blend. 271× Fig. 4 Same as Fig. 3 at higher magnification .3087× Fracture surface morphology...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0048814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... ), including beach marks that allowed tracing the origin of the fracture to the pits on the inner surface of the vessel. Examination of discolorations with EDS disclosed that copper deposits with zinc were also present. Fig. 2 Fracture morphology of steam-generator wall in a region where regularly...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001685
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... was much more pronounced in the specimens with more hydrogen but only at the slower strain rate. Fracture morphology also seems to be dependent on hydrogen content and strain rate. At slower strain rates, material with more abundant hydrogen has more time to migrate in larger quantities in the affected...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... to be comprehensively inspected in failure analysis, generally including collection of material use condition, chemical analysis of material, mechanical tests, metallographic studies, and fracture morphology analysis [ 2 , 3 ]. It is important to propose measures to prevent failure through scientific analysis...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0047312
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... in. 2 ). The chemical composition of a portion of the T-hook was determined to be: This composition is typical for ferritic ductile cast iron, grade 60-40-18 or 65-45-12. Scanning electron microscope fractography indicated a dimpled fracture morphology. The central portion of the fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0047312
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... This composition is typical for ferritic ductile cast iron, grade 60-40-18 or 65-45-12. Scanning electron microscope fractography indicated a dimpled fracture morphology. The central portion of the fracture displayed interdendritic shrinkage porosity, confirming that observed visually. Figure 3 shows...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001366
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
.../Identification Mechanical Properties The highly crystallographic fracture morphology of the impeller cracks indicates that the stress-intensity range was near threshold and that the value did not change significantly during fatigue crack propagation. Such crystallographic features have been observed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... The rope was made from multiple strands of 1095 steel wire. Its chemical composition, ferrite-pearlite structure, and high hardness indicate that the wire is a type of extra improved plow steel (EEIPS grade). The morphologies of the fracture surfaces suggest that the wires were subjected to tensile...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001124
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.... The wire joining process, probably cold-pressure upset welding, resulted in reorientation of elongated grains in an undesirable transverse direction. The fractures/cracks consistently appeared along the fusion zone. The fracture morphology and presence of intergranular corrosion suggest that corrosion...