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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0091538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... used for the contact-finger retainers. Selection of copper alloy C64700 was made on the basis of tests for formability and resistance to SCC (moist ammonia atmosphere) done by the manufacturer after the service failures were encountered. All of the alloy C65500 retainers in shipboard service were...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... present was typically noted after the first process anneal. Flattening the tube demonstrated the embrittlement ( Fig. 1 ). Fig. 1 Expected formability of tube (a) and observed cracking in embrittled tube after flattening (b) Testing Procedure and Results Metallography Microstructural...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001601
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... high quality thin walled flow formed tubing. 5 , 6 Because of its availability, low cost, and reasonably good cold formability, SAE 4130 steel was selected for the manufacture of thin wall, high strength seamless tubes in pressure vessel applications. Reverse flow forming was used...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003507
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... boundary irregularities could be found, neither by the authors’ nor by collaborating laboratories involved in this failure investigation. Also, if “titanium-induced cracking”, grain boundary embrittlement or any other metallurgical failure mechanism that may have caused reduced formability, cracks would...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... should also have been given to the fact that bending 5 mm thick steel through 90° at 20 °C was a severe forming operation that could have produced cracking. Analysis of the steel showed that it had a higher-than-normal phosphorus concentration, which would have reduced its formability, so that there were...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001609
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... in the solution-annealed condition. 14 Modified alloy 439 compositions with low C contents are available that have improved formability and corrosion resistance. 2 The use of argon oxygen decarburization steel-refining practices makes low-C-content alloy 439 readily available. Welding is generally performed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
....-A. , Im Y.-T. : Finite-element investigation of the wear and elastic deformation of dies in metal forming . J. Mater. Process. Technol. 89–90 ( 119 ), 123 – 126 ( 1999 ) 10.1016/S0924-0136(99)00148-X 11. Kuhn H.A. : Atlas of Formability: Cast Aluminum 6063. National Center...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003566
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... , Vol 4 ( No. 1 ), 1995 , p 32 – 39 10.1007/BF02682702 20. Semiatin S. and Jonas J. , Formability and Workability of Metals: Plastic Instability and Flow Localization , American Society for Metals , 1984 , p 71 Development of Testing and Analysis Methods for Spalling...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001258
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... C65500 originally used for the contact-finger retainers. Selection of copper alloy C64700 was made on the basis of tests for formability and resistance to SCC (moist ammonia atmosphere) done by the manufacturer after the service failures were encountered. All of the alloy C65500 retainers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and markedly decreases formability. Fig. 8 Rimmed steel tube that failed by brittle fracture after being strain aged by cold swaging. Repeated heat treatments, although performed at the proper temperature, may produce undesirable microstructures that can result in premature failure. For example...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2