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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0091384
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
...Abstract Abstract A 25.4 cm (10 in.) diam gray cast iron water main pipe was buried in the soil beneath a concrete slab. The installation was believed to have been completed in the early 20th century. A leak from the pipe resulted in flooding of a warehouse. Once removed, the pipe revealed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001673
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
...Abstract Abstract The failure of a 90-10 cupronickel heat exchanger tube resulted in flooding of the vessel and subsequently sinking it. The corrosion of the cupronickel alloy was facilitated by the high sulfur content of the seawater in which it operated. The failure modes were anodic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0006899
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
...Abstract Abstract Type 410 stainless steel bolts were used to hold together galvanized gray cast iron splice case halves. Before installation, the bolts were treated with molybdenum disulfide (MoS 2 ) antiseize compound. Several failures of splice case bolts were discovered in flooded manholes...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0006900
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
...Abstract Abstract Several type 301 half-hard stainless steel clamps used to hold cylindrical galvanized steel covers to galvanized cast iron bases failed in flooded manholes after one to six months of service. Before service, they were treated with antiseize compound containing MoS2. Based...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... submerged by flooding when the house was under construction. Incident 3 The homeowners noted flickering and dimming of lights occurring at random for approximately one week. Then, electrical power was lost to approximately half of the circuits in the home. The electric utility company investigated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0048289
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... section of the boiler. The tubing at the rupture area had reached a temperature of about 870 °C (1600 °F). The boiler was heated too rapidly and to an excessively high temperature, at which time two tubes burst. This released a flood of water that quenched the overheated tubes, which accounts...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001322
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... to ruptured tubes and consequent flooding of the furnace chamber. Inspection of the inside of the boiler revealed that there were three failed tubes: Tube 1, a ruptured vertical superheater support tube positioned approximately in the middle of the furnace Tube 2, a vertical main bank tube...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...-temperature combustion can be used to accurately determine carbon and sulfur content in ferrous and nonferrous specimens. In this method, a known mass is subjected to a high-temperature environment flooded with oxygen. This environment causes combustion of the carbon and sulfur in the sample to form CO, CO 2...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001608
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... weighed over 20 metric tons each and when placed on reclaimed land tended to sink, despite stones placed beneath. The land was subject to flooding. Some coils were placed on top, causing the ones beneath to sink further into the ground. Tarpaulins were placed over others, ensuring moist conditions round...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003534
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... depth of analysis is approximately 5 nm. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy is accomplished by flooding the sample with x-rays of a known energy (typically Mg Kα at 1253.6 eV or monochromated Al Kα at 1486.7 eV). Absorption of these x-rays by the sample atoms causes photoelectrons to be emitted...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... is accomplished by flooding the sample with x-rays of a known energy (typically monochromated aluminum Kα at 1486.7 eV). Absorption of these x-rays by the sample atoms causes photoelectrons to be emitted. The kinetic energy of the emitted photoelectrons is measured with an electron spectrometer. To a first...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001591
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
..., Edward Wilding, 3 a design engineer for Harland and Wolff, calculated on the basis of the rate of flooding reported by survivors that openings in the hull totaling 1.115 m 2 had caused the RMS Titanic to sink. Recent computer calculations by Hackett and Bedford 4 using the same survivors...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003527
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... is adequately lighted and that the colors of the component, including any degradation, are accurately recorded. Color-balanced flood-lights can also be used for laboratory photodocumentation. Color photography reveals heating effects, corrosion effects, mechanical damage, coating condition, and other types...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... to the embedded fragments. Flooding the cutting zone with copious amounts of cutting fluid is the most widely used method. Volume recommendations vary from less than 1.0 L/min (0.25 gal/min) to more than 2000 L/min (500 gal/min), depending on the machining operation, cutting tool type, and machining parameters...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006755
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... flooded with coolant during cutting, a meeting is held with all possible experts concerned, or none of the experts, and a single theory as to the root cause of the failure is developed. Sometimes there is no meeting, because the engineer thinks he/she personally can handle everything. Next, all...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006837
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006834
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., at which time two tubes burst. This released a flood of water that quenched the overheated tubes, which accounts for the martensite and other lower transformation products in the microstructure. Because no evidence of tempered transformation products was found, it was concluded that the tubes had been...