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flammability test

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001318
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract Failure of three C22000 commercial bronze rupture discs was caused by mercury embrittlement. The discs were part of flammable gas cylinder safety devices designed to fail in a ductile mode when cylinders experience higher than design pressures. The subject discs failed prematurely...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0091362
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... and measured 1.5 m (58 in.) in diameter and 8.5 m (28 ft) in length. Investigation (visual inspection, chemical analysis, radiography, dye-penetrant inspection, and hydrostatic testing of all E-Brite welds, 4x images, 100x/200x images electrolytically etched with 10% oxalic acid, and V-notch Charpy testing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001749
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... to make the connection. Use of the adapter which joined with a brass nipple, created an unacceptable dissimilar metal joint. The steel also provided a source for the generation of sparks. Loctite, a hydrocarbon sealant that is highly flammable and explosive in contact with pure oxygen, had been used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006804
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... FLAMMABLE AND EXPLOSIVE MATERIALS are used in various chemical, refining, and process facilities. For example, failure due to a leak, internal explosion, overpressurization, or detonation of a storage tank, pressure vessel, or piping containing combustible products can result in blast damage as well as fire...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... process must address the influence of human factors. This includes not only human factors in equipment design but also a wide range of activities that can include operational methods and procedures, testing and evaluating these methods and procedures, job design, development of job aids and training...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... process must address the influence of human factors. This includes not only human factors in equipment design but also a wide range of activities that can include operational methods and procedures, testing and evaluating these methods and procedures, job design, development of job aids and training...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006755
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... matured, including redesign of the command module, replacement of flammable materials, wiring modifications, revised atmospheric requirements within the cabin, and myriad other programmatic and process changes. Failure investigation has come a long way since the Apollo 1 fire. The men and women...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... on LMIE ( Ref 3 ) and SMIE ( Ref 4 ) in Corrosion: Fundamentals, Testing, and Protection , Volume 13A of the ASM Handbook , 2003. Characteristics of Liquid-Metal- and Solid-Metal-Induced Embrittlement Like other forms of environmentally induced or assisted cracking, both LMIE and SMIE require...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003554
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and extent. For LMIE, subcritical crack growth rate is extremely rapid; plateau velocities of inches per second (0.1 m/s) have been measured in fracture-mechanics-type tests. These tests also gave very low threshold stress intensities for crack growth. Because of the rapid crack growth, failure of small...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Nondestructive testing (NDT), also known as nondestructive evaluation (NDE), includes various techniques to characterize materials without damage. This article focuses on the typical NDE techniques that may be considered when conducting a failure investigation. The article begins...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... by metal dissolution or oxidation. The more cathodic material is more corrosion resistant (i.e., more noble). Fig. 3 Galvanic series of metals and alloys in seawater. Alloys are listed in order of the potential they exhibit in flowing seawater; those indicated by the black rectangle were tested...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... preventive measures. Fig. 1 Forms of corrosion. Adapted from Ref 1 More detailed discussions of the fundamentals and mechanisms of corrosion are provided in the References listed at the end of this article and in Corrosion: Fundamentals, Testing, and Protection , Volume 13A of the ASM...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006802
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... inspection reveals cracking. Surface degradation from corrosion, including coating degradation, is excessive. Grain-boundary attack and/or pitting by oxidation/hot corrosion is excessive. Foreign object damage is severe. Destructive sampling and testing indicate life exhaustion. Excessive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.../equipment to observe and document similarities and/or differences in appearance, dimensions, or materials Chemical analyses (bulk, local, surface corrosion products, and deposits or coatings) Nondestructive testing of the subject part (if available) and selected “unfailed” parts Stress and fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006823
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... crack-like flaws using the failure assessment diagram. Need for caution in predicting remaining life due to corrosion is also covered. corrosion testing failure assessment diagram fitness-for-service localized corrosion remaining life assessment thickness CORROSION OF METALS...