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fire-side corrosion

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001396
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... to the literature 5 shows that it had shown itself in the U.S.A. in the early ‘40's. The occurrence of on-load corrosion may first be manifest by the sudden, violent rupture of a boiler tube, such failures being found to occur predominantly on the fire-side surface of tubes situated in zones exposed to radiant...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001392
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
...Abstract Abstract Following leakage which developed within the furnace of a horizontal multi-tubular type boiler, examination revealed a series of cracks adjacent to the stiffening rings in the first plain furnace ring. The fire-side surface of the sample was coated with a layer of oxide scale...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001486
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract Cavitation damage of diesel engine cylinder liners is due to vibration of the cylinder wall, initiated by slap of the piston under the combined forces of inertia and firing pressure as it passes top dead center. The occurrence on the anti-thrust side may possibly result from...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... failure analysis fatigue fire-side corrosion power plants stress-corrosion cracking tube rupture water-side corrosion FAILURES IN BOILERS and other equipment in stationary and marine power plants that use steam as the working fluid are discussed in this article. The discussion is mainly...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... joints Chlorides Fire retardants Plywood 3006-H16 UNS A93006 3105 UNS A93105 Intergranular corrosion Introduction Background: The Problem and Its Nature Technical Investigation That Followed The Legal Case Which Followed The Decision: For the Plaintiff Lessons to be Learned From...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... and covered with corrosion products. The fire side in general had thick scales. The analysis of the corrosion products at or near the punch indicated the presence of relatively high concentrations of sulfur and vanadium and significant concentration of magnesium. The source of sulfur and vanadium appeared...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001164
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
...Abstract Abstract Plate perforation occurred in the cylindrical section and walls of the inlet foot (2.38 mm thick Incoloy 825 plate welded using INCO welding rod 135) of an inert gas fire prevention system in an oil tanker. Cross-sectional microprobe analysis showed the corrosion product...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... in the homes on the same side of the street. As evidenced by clocks in the home and power company records, the outage occurred approximately fifteen minutes before the fire was reported to the fire department. The homeowner had recently replaced a circuit breaker and had left the breaker panel cover off...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... firings, a finite element stress analysis based on these actual operating conditions, and studies of the propensity of the steel to initiate and propagate cracks under the combined influence of stress and the residues left in the chamber after firing of a charge. These stress corrosion cracking studies...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... corrosion nickel-base superalloy metal loss wall thinning grain coarsening stereomicroscopy temperature Incoloy 800 (nickel-base superalloy) UNS N08800 Introduction and Background Information The fire tube sleeve of the Heater Treater ruptured while the unit was operating under normal...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... Recuperators Sulfurization X10CrAl 7 Fe-0.37C-26Cr Fe-0.29C-26Cr High-temperature corrosion and oxidation Pipes 42.25 × 3.25 mm from a blast furnace gas fired recuperator for the preheating of air were heavily oxidized and perforated in places. Depending on the load the temperature of the combustion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract Waterwall tube failure samples removed from a coal- and oil-fired boiler in service for 12 years exhibited localized underdeposit corrosion and hydrogen damage. EDS and XRD revealed that bulk internal deposits collected from the tubes contained metallic copper which can...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001476
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...Abstract Abstract An aftercooler was of conventional design and fitted with brass tubes through which cooling-water circulated. Air at 100 psi pressure was passed over the outsides of the tubes, entering the vessel near to the upper tubeplate on one side and leaving it by a branch adjacent...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... On-Site Damage Assessment After the fire was extinguished, the gasifier was examined. The vessel shell was bulged and had ruptured on the east side at the seventh deck level. Figure 3 shows the rupture from the south, which was 17 in. below the transition from the combustion chamber to the quench...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001704
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
.... Fig. 2 Typical appearance of exterior corrosion deposits An access port was removed from the side of the tank using a gas-powered abrasive saw so that the tank's interior could be examined and various samples could be obtained. The internal welds were found to contain mounds of reddish-brown...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0091394
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... also advised. Heat affected zone Piping Pitting Sea water 316L 316 UNS S31600 Pitting corrosion Stagnant seawater can be quite destructive to some alloy systems. An austenitic stainless steel piping used in the fire-sprinkler system in a large saltwater passenger and car ferry failed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001609
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... on the corroded sample confirmed intergranular corrosion and cracking in the type 430 weld metal and in the HAZ on the tube side of the joint ( Fig. 7 , 8 ). Corrosion proceeded preferentially at the lower-Cr-content martensitic phase that formed preferentially along the grain boundaries. The Rockwell hardness...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0091617
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... processing equipment Chlorides Piping 316 UNS S31600 Transgranular fracture Stress-corrosion cracking A 680,000 kg (750 ton) per day ammonia unit was shut down following fire near the outlet of the waste heat exchanger. The fire had resulted from leakage of ammonia from the type 316 stainless...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.... As the pellets pass through the furnace, they are subjected to a drying, heating, firing, and cooling cycle (see Fig. 1 ), reaching a high temperature of approximately 1200 °C (2190 °F). The grates reach a high temperature ranging from approximately 800 to 900 °C (1470 to 1650 °F). A grate box travels through...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... 316L stainless steel (austenitic wrought stainless steel) UNS S31603 Introduction Unfortunately, numerous industries have experienced microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC). Microbiologically influenced corrosion can cripple critical equipment, such as a fire sprinkler system...