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finite-life criterion

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... fluctuations. This article begins with an overview of fatigue properties and design life. This is followed by a description of the two approaches to fatigue, namely infinite-life criterion and finite-life criterion, along with information on damage tolerance criterion. The article then discusses the...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...-life criterion gas porosity heat treatment inclusions infinite-life criterion internal bursts macropitting micropitting reversed bending rolling-contact fatigue rotational bending strengthening stress distribution subcase fatigue thermal fatigue torsional loading FATIGUE damage...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... body juncture be redesigned to reduce stress levels. A method of maintenance and inspection in concert with a criterion for life prediction for this and other valves and components in the system was also recommended. Chemical processing equipment Gatevalves Sulfuric acid, environment Gray iron...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003546
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... used to calculate the life under TMF conditions. The stresses during the transient and steady-state portions of the SSTG operation were estimated using finite-element analysis on the three critical planes labeled A, B, and C in Fig. 6 . The details of the analysis are described elsewhere ( Ref 15...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003517
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article focuses on the life assessment methods for elevated-temperature failure mechanisms and metallurgical instabilities that reduce life or cause loss of function or operating time of high-temperature components, namely, gas turbine blade, and power plant piping and tubing. The...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... fifth-stage compressor disk (judged to be the most crack-prone disk in the compressor) to determine the cause of the failures. Failure was attributed to high-strain low-cycle fatigue during service. It was also determined that the cyclic engine usage assumed in the original life calculations had been...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001738
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... oxidation-cracks stopped. To determine the residual creep life of the sound (non-cracked) bottom manifold material, iso-stress creep tests were performed. It was found that tertiary creep started at 7% strain. The time-to-rupture was greater than 100,000 h. It was concluded that the bottom manifold (and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006781
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., temperature-assisted grain-boundary evolution, and temperature-driven surface oxidation, among other things. This article discusses some of the major aspects and challenges of dealing with TMF life prediction. It describes the damage mechanisms of TMF and covers various experimental techniques to promote TMF...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006768
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... measures and the optimization of production parameters for extending the service life of components. This article focuses primarily on what the analyst should know about applying XRD residual-stress measurement techniques to failure analysis. Discussions are extended to the description of ways in which...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001807
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... shear stress by finite element simulation. Farshid et al. [ 3 ] and Schlicht et al. [ 6 ] established a model for the bearing-life prediction on the assumption that the critical stress leading to the failure is von Mises equivalent stress, and that the factors that mainly influence the bearing’s life...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003528
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... processes. X-ray diffraction residual stress analysis methods can also be applied to the evaluation of corrective measures and the optimization of production parameters for extending the service life of components. This article focuses primarily on what the analyst should know about applying XRD...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... calculate maximum load capability (e.g., multiaxial yield criteria). One failure mode theory is the Rankine (or maximum normal stress) criterion, where the maximum principal stress is used. The other is the Tresca theory based on the maximum shear stress. The Rankine criterion holds that inelastic...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003530
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... stress) criterion, where the maximum principal stress is used. The other is the Tresca theory based on the maximum shear stress. The Rankine criterion holds that inelastic deformation at a point begins when the maximum normal stress reaches the yield strength of the material. Tresca's theory states that...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... homogeneous material surface. Fig. 1 Typical morphology of fatigue spall in rolling-element bearings. (a) Fatigue spall centered on a ball bearing raceway. (b) Fatigue spall on 12.7 mm (0.5 in.) diameter steel ball obtained using rolling four-ball machine Prediction of statistical fatigue life...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001680
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
.... Electromagnetic instruments have been designed for LMA and LF testing, but have a finite spacial resolving power. By examining broken wires, the parameters for retirement indirectly address fatigue, which is a serious factor in the useful life of a rope. In 1945, after studying 20 years worth of data on ropes...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001527
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... ropes in service need to be replaced rather than during metallurgical failure analysis. Wire ropes have a finite service life, and visual examination is the most prevalent method for determining when ropes require replacement. Applicable specifications, such as ASME and ANSI, typically consider the...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., design deficiencies, material defects, manufacturing/installation defects, and service life anomalies, with examples. The article describes several common charting methods that may be useful in performing an RCA. It also discusses other failure analysis tools, including review of all sources of input and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... service life. For example, a wire rope for an elevator has lost its service life when it has sustained fatigue fractures of some of the individual wires, due to irregularities in the wrapping over the sheave. Even though the wire rope continues to function, the presence of fatigue fractures of some of the...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... secondary criteria should also be identified. Primary, or absolute, requirements are essential to proper service and cannot be subordinated, whereas secondary requirements are those where judicious compromises can be made. For example, life-cycle considerations (such as recycling or environmental impact...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003537
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... stress criterion (e.g., see Honeycombe ( Ref 2 ). Many new tools and techniques for studying fracture surfaces have become available and made possible a more complete understanding of fracture processes. A 1948 fracture text and symposium ( Ref 3 ) focused heavily on macroscale phenomenological...