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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0090909
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...Abstract Abstract An injection-molded PVC water-filter housing fractured in service. 75x views and visual inspection supported the conclusion that failure occurred due to fatigue crack propagation, as indicated by the presence of discontinuous crack-growth bands and their evolution. However...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0090460
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract A component of a water filtration unit failed while being used in service for approximately eight months. The filter system had been installed in a commercial laboratory, where it was stated to have been used exclusively in conjunction with deionized water. The failed part had...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001589
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... or particles during the plating. The possible sources of fibers were identified. The SEM/EDS analysis of fibers collected from the air duct filters correlated very well with the defect shape and the EDS profile collected from under the defect site. It appears that the fibers from air duct filters directly...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001629
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
.... It was recommended that process changes be made to completely remove residual processing fluids from the part surfaces before electropolishing. The use of more aggressive detergents was suggested, and it was recommended also that a filtering and recirculating system be considered for use in the cleaning...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0046505
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... by a pivoted malleable iron latch. The latch and top surface of the clapper plate were usually in a sanitary-water environment (stabilized, chlorinated well water with a pH of 7.3) under stagnant conditions. Process make-up water that had been clarified, filtered, softened, and chlorinated and had a pH of 9.8...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0091394
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... accelerated pitting of austenitic stainless steel: the bottom surface, weld or HAZ pits, and crevices. Recommendations included proper material selection for piping, flanges, and weld rods with greater corrosion resistance. Proper filtering to prevent entrained abrasives and timely breakdown inspections were...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046378
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... of the river. Analysis supported the conclusions that the leaks were caused by excessive sleeve wear that resulted from the presence of fine, abrasive silt in the river water. The silt, which contained hard particles of silica, could not be filtered out of the inlet water effectively. Hard surfacing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0091694
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... previously because of unrelated tube failures. Sanitary (chlorinated) well water was generally used in the system, although filtered process make-up water (river water) containing ammonia was occasionally used. Investigation (visual inspection, chemical analysis, mercurous nitrate testing, unetched 5X...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0046242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
..., producing chips that eventually overstressed the gear, causing failure. Because the oil circulation system was not operating properly, metal chips were not removed from the coupling. Recommendations included checking the replacement coupling for residual magnetism and changing or filtering the pump oil...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047636
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...Abstract Abstract Several elbow subassemblies comprising segments of oil-line assemblies that recycled aircraft-engine oil from pump to filter broke in service. The components of the subassemblies were made of aluminum alloy 6061-T6. Two subassemblies were returned to the laboratory...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... was observed on the damaged side. Particles of sand, paint, or plastic, fibers from the cartridge, brass, and steel were viewed in the brown residue on the filter cartridge under a low power microscope and later confirmed by chemical analysis. Large amount of iron was identified by application of a magnet...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... particulate air filters. The failure analysis investigation concluded that nitrate-induced stress-corrosion cracking was the cause of the failure. vent pipe nitrate-induced stress-corrosion cracking welding defects galvanized low-carbon steel MnS inclusions ion-coupled plasma-emission spectroscopy...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003527
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Basics of Photography Aperture Selection Shutter Speed Selection Feature Exposure Selection Filter Selection Photographic Lighting Natural Lighting Backlighting Flash Lighting Copystand Lighting High-Speed Videography Scanning Electron Microscopy Scanning electron...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006763
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... be mounted to either a tabletop photo stand or to a tripod. Shutter Speed Exposure Lenses Lens Filters Storage Natural Lighting White Balance Flash Photography Stands Side Lighting Fluorescent Lighting Ultraviolet Blacklight Illumination Optical stereomicroscopy...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001458
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... “cloth” filter was fixed to the inside of the basket and the sugar liquor to be processed was conveyed into the centre of the basket whilst it was revolving, with the result that the centrifugal force not only removed the mother liquor, but also caused the crystals to discharge over the upper rim...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... the stainless steel tubes with filtered lake water and left the water stagnant in the tubes for an unknown time period. No significant corrosion was discovered on the shellside of the tubes. A red oxide that was present on the waterside was cleaned with soap and water. Stereoscopic examination...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001374
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
..., the valves should be used in the completely open or completely closed position when in service. Chlorinated, carbon-filtered, potable water was used in the reheat system at a supply temperature of 55 °C (130 °F). The valves had been failing at an increasing rate. The failure were confined to the stems...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047998
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
.... The lubricant can then be cleaned by passing it through a full-flow filter. Where dust, moist air, or acid fumes are a problem, changing to an oil-mist system may be beneficial. This type of system can maintain clean, dry air under positive pressure in the housing and thus prevent contaminants from entering...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003525
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... design Fig. 34 Scanning electron image showing features characteristic of severe degradation of the filter material. 118× Fig. 35 Micrograph showing the cross section prepared through the filter component. 9× Fig. 36 Fourier transform infrared spectral comparison showing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001045
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... revealed advanced corrosion of the brass tubes, which resulted in leakage and consequent oil contamination. Cooling water is collected directly from the power plant reservoir and is only filtered (250 µm, or 9.8 mils) before entering the heat exchangers. Water analysis showed low chloride (0.0018 kg/m...