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fill and soak cleaning

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001525
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
.... The containers were then filled with the slightly alkaline solution, pressurized, and allowed to stand under ambient conditions. A small number, less than 1%, were returned because they began to leak in service. Inspection revealed general corrosion and pitting on the inner surfaces. However, other tanks...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c9001677
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... duration of 5h. This was again followed by ultrasonic cleaning for 1 2 hour. Other chemicals were used with a soaking period of 5h with an ultrasonic cleaning of 1h in the solvent. The solvents used in addition to acetone were chloroform, methylene chloride, N-N-dimethylformamide, xylene, carbon...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
..., controlled heating and cooling should be closely monitored to ensure development of microstructure suitable for wire drawing. If process parameters during patenting (austenitizing temperature, soaking time in the furnace, and lead bath temperature) vary, inappropriate microstructures such as coarse pearlite...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Frequency and methods of cleaning fireside and waterside surfaces of steam generators Materials specified as to alloy requirements and dimensions Frequency and location of any previous failures Length of service of the failed component Any unusual operating history Such details can...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., composition of fuel, amount of excess combustion air, type and amount of water-conditioning chemicals added, type and amount of contaminants in condensate and make-up feedwater, frequency and methods of cleaning fire-side and water-side surfaces of steam generators, materials specified as to alloy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006837
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of cleaning, inspection, and magnetic-particle testing techniques during assembly of the components onto the axle. A press is required to push the wheels and the bearings onto the axle, because the inside diameter of the wheel hubs and bearing components is smaller than the diameter of the wheel seat...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006864
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... be difficult to clean and purge because abrasive purging compounds can damage the teeth of the gear pump and reduce output accuracy. Fig. 11 Operation of a gear pump. Adapted from Ref 1 Webline Handling The postextrusion handling of extruded products is called the webline unit...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... arise from obscure combinations of circumstances. Intermittent operation can also affect the life of pressure vessels. Long periods of inactivity greatly enhance the probability of internal or external corrosion. During long shutdown periods, the recommended practice is to fill the system with inert...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... by homogenization. However, macrosegregation is harder to eliminate because complete homogenization (by high-temperature soaking) would require longer times than are economically acceptable under production conditions. Therefore, in very large sections, gross differences in alloy concentration sometimes persist...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... by the rotation of these elements. Bearing raceways that conform closely to the shape of the rolling elements are normally used to house the rolling elements.The rolling elements are usually positioned within the bearing by a retainer, cage, or separator; in ball bearings of the filling-slot type and in needle...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Selection, identification, preservation, and/or cleaning of critical specimens Macroscopic examination and analysis with the unaided eye and using magnifying lenses Field metallography or microstructural analysis Comparison of the subject components/equipment with similar or identical components...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006929
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... or its constituents, are free to move through the matrix. In the glassy state, capillary forces redistribute the molecules constantly before the volume reaches equilibrium. Free volume increases with temperature in the rubbery state, which allows more water molecules to fill the empty space. Hygroscopic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006834
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... vectors), a cage, a retainer, or some separators of given technical materials (usually bronze, brass, polymers, or low-carbon steels) are usually used. Some old full-complement REBs making use of a so-called filling slot were especially devoted to low speed, low usage (nonpermanent uses), and high loads...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... factors Part handling Delay before tempering Increases tendency toward cracking Amount of time available is dependent on section thickness, amount of retained austenite, and alloy. Washing temperature Affects effectiveness of cleaning and removal of soil Can shock parts...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... if conditions are favourable. Fluid Penetration Method A well-known and long-established method of revealing cracks is to soak the suspected part in thin oil, wipe it clean and dust with French chalk, or paint over rapidly with the zinc oxide paint mentioned in the previous paragraph...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.9781627083959
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... be used to estimate number of cycles in certain cases where the failure surface is clean and undamaged. Figure 15 shows an example of beach marks on a failed cross section of a compressor shaft (scale shown in inches). Additionally, Fig. 16 illustrates another example of beach marks from a failed pipe...