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fiber-reinforced plastic

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006909
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... of accelerated life testing and aging of unreinforced and fiber-reinforced plastic materials for assessing long-term material properties and life expectancy in hostile service environments. It considers various environmental factors, such as temperature, humidity, pressure, weathering, liquid chemicals (i.e...
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 5 The evolution of engineering materials through history. PE, polyethylene; PMMA, polymethylmethacrylate; PC, polycarbonate; PS, polystyrene; PP, polypropylene; CFRP, carbon-fiber-reinforced plastic; GFRP, graphite-fiber-reinforced plastic; PSZ, partially stabilized zirconia. Source: Ref More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 5 The evolution of engineering materials through history. PE, polyethylene; PMMA, polymethylmethacrylate; PC, polycarbonate; PS, polystyrene; PP, polypropylene; CFRP, carbon-fiber-reinforced plastic; GFRP, graphite-fiber-reinforced plastic; PSZ, partially stabilized zirconia. Source: Ref More
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Published: 01 January 2002
, polymers + PTFE; 3, polymers + graphite/PTFE; 4, polymers + glass fibers (GF); 5, polymers + carbon fibers (CF); and 6, polymers + CF/GF + PTFE. (b) Influence of pressure × velocity ( PV ) factor on wear rate of fiber-reinforced plastics ( T , 220 °C; V, 3 m/s). Source: Ref 4 More
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003572
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., graphite; TF, Teflon. 1, neat polymers; 2, polymers + PTFE; 3, polymers + graphite/PTFE; 4, polymers + glass fibers (GF); 5, polymers + carbon fibers (CF); and 6, polymers + CF/GF + PTFE. (b) Influence of pressure × velocity ( PV ) factor on wear rate of fiber-reinforced plastics ( T , 220 °C; V, 3 m/s...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627081801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... design CBED convergent-beam electron diffraction CCT continuous cooling transformation (dia- gram) CE carbon equivalent CEGB United Kingdom Central Electricity CEGB Central Electricity Generating Board CFR Code of Federal Regulations CFRP carbon-fiber-reinforced plastic cm centimeter CMOD crack-mouth...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006916
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... to the enhancement and retention of the overall strength of a fiber-reinforced plastic part. If fibers are intended to act as reinforcement and not as filler, and if the goal is to improve mechanical properties, it is important that they do not break up, bunch up, and reduce in length during processing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006940
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
.... The cyclic stress-strain response is the response of polymers that describes their behavior once cyclic plasticity has modified the metastable behavior under fatigue deformation. Cyclic stress-strain curves for high-density polyethylene (compression molded), impact polypropylene copolymer, short-glass-fiber...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0090451
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... Abstract Cracking occurred within the plastic jacket (injection molded from an impact-modified, 15% glass-fiber-reinforced PET resin.) of several assemblies used in a transportation application during an engineering testing regimen which involved cyclic thermal shock (exposing the parts...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0090442
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... Abstract A number of plastic sleeves used in an automotive application cracked after assembly but prior to installation into the mating components. The sleeves were specified to be injection molded from a 20% glass-fiber-reinforced polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) resin. After molding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006935
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... to fill the mold, carrying any reinforcement with it. Ribs and bosses are filled with plastic and reinforcement, but little true control of reinforcement orientation can be achieved even though oriented continuous fiber is used in the starting material. The other variation of compression molding...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0090466
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... of production parts. The mechanical hinges were specified to be injection molded from an impact-modified, 13% glass-fiber-reinforced nylon 6/6 resin. Investigation of samples representing the failed components and the original prototype parts included visual inspection, 118x SEM images, micro-FTIR, DSC analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006869
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... surfaces of reinforced polyimide composites with the aforementioned fiber types under dry sliding are shown by Fig. 8d , 8e , and 8f . As shown, due to the polyamide matrix’s ductility, it tends to deform plastically rather than exhibit brittle breakage, and fibers act as stress concentrators...
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 22 Failure wear mechanisms of unidirectional fiber reinforced polymer composites with different orientations of fibers with respect to sliding direction against a smooth metal surface. (a) Normal aramid fibers. (b) Parallel carbon fibers. (c) Wear reduction mechanism due to hybridization More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0090460
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... recovery. Glass fiber reinforced composites Hydrolisis Oxidation Glass-reinforced nylon 12 Environmental cracking (plastics) A component of a water filtration unit failed while being used in service for approximately eight months. The filter system had been installed in a commercial...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006929
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... and behave more Fickian as the hinderance coefficient approaches 1. Melo et al. ( Ref 10 ) utilized the Langmuir model in their modelling study to predict the absorption behavior of composites reinforced with vegetable fiber using constant and variable diffusion coefficients. The thicknesses of the water...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006925
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... in the fiber direction. Processing techniques are also used to enhance crystallization. The amount of crystalline fraction and the size of crystalline regions can be affected by the addition of nucleating agents, or seed particles, which can be small, inorganic particles. Plastics with seeds contain a higher...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006922
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... the loss in strength at the knit line for various plastic materials ( Ref 7 ). For example, the strength of a polypropylene part reinforced with glass fiber can be much lower at the knit line than for a polypropylene part without glass reinforcement. Processing will create highly anisotropic properties...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006928
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... of elastomers and fibers. It covers two basic methods to test the mechanical properties of fibers, namely the single-filament tension test and the tensile test of a yarn or a group of fibers. elastomers fibers mechanical testing plastics PLASTICS ARE VISCOELASTIC materials in which mechanical...