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fiber-reinforced composites

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003572
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article reviews the abrasive and adhesive wear failure of several types of reinforced polymers, including particulate-reinforced polymers, short-fiber reinforced polymers (SFRP), continuous unidirectional fiber reinforced polymers (FRP), particulate-filled composites...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0090460
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... was photographic silver recovery. Glass fiber reinforced composites Hydrolisis Oxidation Glass-reinforced nylon 12 Environmental cracking (plastics) A component of a water filtration unit failed while being used in service for approximately eight months. The filter system had been installed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0090442
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... properties of the sleeves. The cause of the degradation was not evident, but the likely source appears to be the molding operation and exposure to elevated temperature for an extended period of time. Automotive components Cracking (fracturing) Glass fiber reinforced composites Injection molding...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0048498
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... and Recommendations Reference Reference 1. Smith B.W. et al. , Composite Post-Fracture Analysis Experience as Related to a Developing and Evolving CPFA Methodology , in Proceedings; International Conference: Post-Failure Analysis Techniques for Fiber Reinforced Composites , Air Force Wright...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003571
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to replace asbestos used in brake pads with aramid fibers ( Ref 18 , 28 , 29 , 30 ). Figure 8 compares the specific wear rate of a few formulations of thermoset composites. The relevant micrograph is given in Fig. 9 . It is seen from these results that the wear resistance of phenolic resin increases...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... a structural framework and pressurized internally with nitrogen, or of fiber-reinforced composites with a polymeric foam core. As with cavitation erosion, damage from liquid-droplet impacts starts with deformation and work hardening of metal surfaces, characterized by rumpling and emergence of boundaries...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627081801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003525
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of production parts. The mechanical hinges were specified to be injection molded from an impact-modified, 13% glass-fiber-reinforced nylon 6/6 resin. A resin substitution was suspected, corresponding to the supplier change. Samples representing the failed components and the original prototype parts were...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001702
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... the use of stainless steel ( 2 ) or fiber composite ( 3 , 4 ) reinforcements. At a moderate increase in overall project costs, stainless steel rebar would not be as susceptible to corrosion as mild steel rebar. Polymer and fiber composite reinforcements would eliminate the causes of corrosion problems...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
....2008.04.076 15. Trzaskoma P.P. , Corrosion Behavior of a Graphite Fiber/Magnesium Metal Matrix Composite in Aqueous Chloride Solution , Corrosion , Vol 42 , 1986 , p 609 − 613 10.5006/1.3583031 16. McCauley R.A. , Corrosion of Ceramic and Composite Materials , 2nd ed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001491
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... their quality control procedures and resumed production of nozzle liners with more tightly controlled fiber/fabric materials. Proof stress Quality control Silica-phenolic (Other, general, or unspecified) fracture (Other, general, or unspecified) processing-related failures I. Introduction II...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... welds Weld-area cracks Incomplete fusion Porosity Slag inclusions Inclusions at skelp edge Off seam Repair welds Incomplete penetration Electric welds (a) Upturned fiber cracks Weld-line inclusions Cold weld Excessive trim Contact burns Field weld...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... 849 203 van der Waals Ar 7.8 1.8 Cl 2 31 7.4 Hydrogen NH 3 35 8.4 H 2 O 51 12.2 Source: Ref 1 , 2 Fig. 1 Typical stress-strain curve for a fiber, a plastic, and an elastomer Fig. 2 Typical creep and creep rupture behavior of ductile polymers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... The use of paints or dyes to mark components can also alter the corrosion resistance of a component and the chemical composition of a corrosion product. In short, any alteration of the system prior to the corrosion should be noted and documented. The chain of events leading to and occurring after...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006828
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... to fabricate large assemblies in a stress-free condition Ability to preserve special metallurgical characteristics of metals Ability to join fiber- and dispersion-strengthened composites Capability for precision production tolerance Reproducible and reliable quality-control techniques...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003536
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... direction perpendicular to the fibers Table 2 Number density of processing defects in the tensile fracture surface of metal-matrix composite specimen with loading direction perpendicular to the fibers Type of processing defect Number density (per mm 2 ) In the tensile fracture surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... the heat-flow rate. The third is to reinforce the polymer with a material that has high thermal conductivity, such as carbon fibers, graphite, and molybdenum disulfide (MoS 2 ). The third solution to the thermal problem also offers resistance to cold flow. For these purposes, the polymer can be filled...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Axial stress, 0 to 380 MPa (0 to 55 ksi); contact stress, 40 MPa (6 ksi); fretting cycles, 10 5 . Sample was nital etched and viewed with scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Fig. 22 Plot of fretting wear versus fiber orientation angle in a composite Fig. 23 Fretting mark generated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... Compressive residual stresses do not influence the wear resistance. Adapted from Ref 92 Fig. 30 Plot of fretting wear versus fiber orientation angle in a composite Fig. 31 Fretting mark generated by fretting an alumina cylinder against an alumina flat Fig. 32 Illustration...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., polystyrene; PP, polypropylene; CFRP, carbon-fiber-reinforced plastic; GFRP, graphite-fiber-reinforced plastic; PSZ, partially stabilized zirconia. Source: Ref 8 Until the IPD approach is in common use, and as an alternative to the traditional “materials-last” approach, another method of materials...