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ferrous alloys

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...) Introduction Multistage pumps are widely used whenever the enhanced oil reservoir program is implemented. The parts of these pumps can be made from different materials, namely, ferrous and non-ferrous alloys. This depends on the working environment and its content of CO 2 , H 2 S, water salinity...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001684
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... C. R. , Heat Treatment, Structure and Properties of Non-Ferrous Alloys , American Society for Metals , Metals Park, Ohio , 1982 . 8. Jones D. A. , Principles and Prevention of Corrosion , Macmillan Publishing Company , New York , 1992 . 9. Steigerwald R...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003540
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... by hydrogen. As with ferrous alloys, hydrogen in nickel and its alloys may introduce IG, transgranular, or quasicleavage cracking, and, although the macroscopic features appear to be brittle, on a microscopic scale there is a high degree of local plasticity, suggesting that hydrogen enhances flow at the crack...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... embrittlement, although austenitic stainless steels and other face-centered cubic metals and alloys can have their ductility reduced by hydrogen. As with ferrous alloys, hydrogen in nickel and its alloys may introduce IG, transgranular, or quasi-cleavage cracking, and, although the macroscopic features appear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...Abstract Abstract Identification of alloys using quantitative chemical analysis is an essential step during a metallurgical failure analysis process. There are several methods available for quantitative analysis of metal alloys, and the analyst should carefully approach selection of the method...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... • Multiple intergranular cracks • Voids formed on grain boundaries or wedge-shaped cracks at grain triple points • Reaction scales or internal precipitation • Some cold flow in last stages of failure Contributing factors • Load exceeded the strength of the part • Check for proper alloy and processing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001755
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... fatigue fracture misalignment tungsten alloy steel fatigue cracking optical microscopy hardness T1 tungsten high-speed steel UNS T12001 Copper-based bearing alloys Background The ball bearing assembly consisted of an inner race, an outer race, a cage, and balls. This bearing supported...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... triple points• Reaction scales or internal precipitation• Some cold flow in last stages of failure Contributing factors • Load exceeded the strength of the part• Check for proper alloy and processing by hardness check or destructive testing, chemical analysis• Loading direction may show failure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0048702
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... as primarily copper sulfide, with zinc and aluminum sulfides while the green deposit was revealed to be copper chloride. The combination of sulfide and chloride attack on the tubes was concluded to have resulted in the failure. Injection of ferrous sulfate upstream of the condenser which could aid...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001387
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...-resistant material, such as nickel, nickel-base alloy, or stainless steel, was recommended. Anodes Electrolytic cells Nuclear reactor components 1010 ASTM A519 MT1010 UNS G10100 Uniform corrosion Background Several electrolysis cells in a heavy-water up-grading plant began malfunctioning...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... mill, showing placement of the attrition mill wear plates Fig. 12 Effect of microstructure and hardness on the abrasion resistance of steels: high-stress abrasion, alumina abrasive. Source: Ref 7 Fig. 13 Influence of microstructure on abrasive wear behavior of alloy white irons...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... It is accompanied by heavy impact and by high bending and compressive forces on the wearing parts, which are made as heavy-section castings. As a result, the choice of ferrous alloys that can be used with confidence in these applications is limited. Traditionally, austenitic 12% Mn steels are used as crusher liners...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., in the overall scenario. The article presents a case study that illustrates opportunities to improve operating processes and procedures related to the management of system integrity. Industry experience with corrosion-resistant alloys of steel, copper, and aluminum is reviewed. The article ends with a discussion...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003529
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... an apparently “conforming” aluminum-killed steel has a coarsened grain structure. Another referee composition method, used particularly often with ferrous alloys, is one of the various combustion methods. Here, a known quantity of solid chips of the metal is heated in a crucible while an oxygen-containing...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... on stress-corrosion cracking, hydrogen embrittlement, and liquid-metal embrittlement of bolts and nuts. The article explains the most commonly used protective metal coatings for ferrous metal fasteners. Zinc, cadmium, and aluminum are commonly used for such coatings. The article also illustrates...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... fillet radius AISI 5046 (chromium alloy steel) UNS G50460 Introduction An investigation and analysis of drive shaft failures in many of the newly acquired articulated buses put into service by a large municipal transit agency were conducted. According to data provided by the transit agency...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...: change in the environment; change in the alloy or heat treatment; change in design; use of galvanic protection; use of inhibitors; use of nonmetallic coatings and liners; application of metallic coatings; use of surface treatments, thermal spray, or other surface modifications; corrosion monitoring...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001455
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract Aluminum alloy BS.1476-HE.15 by virtue of its high strength and low density finds application in the form of bars or sections for cranes, bridges, and other such structures where a reduction in dead weight load and inertia stresses is advantageous. Bars and sections in H.15...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001103
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... failed by stress-corrosion cracking. It was surmised that seawater or some other corrosive substance was present in sufficient quantity to induce intergranular cracking at regions of high stress concentration. It was recommended that all tap bolts be replaced with new bolts made from an alloy...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...-life combinations Fig. 4 A constant-life diagram for alloy steels that provides combined axes for more ready interpretation. Note the presence of safe-life, finite-life lines on this plot. This diagram is for average test data for axial loading of polished specimens of AISI 4340 steel...