1-20 of 301 Search Results for

ferritic steels

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0048772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
...Abstract Abstract A return bend (made from ASTM A213, grade T11, ferritic steel) from a triolefin-unit heater ruptured after two years in service. The unit operated at 2410 kPa, with a hydrocarbon feed stream (85% propylene) entering at 260 to 290 deg C and leaving at 425 to 480 deg C...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0048331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...Abstract Abstract The top tube of a horizontal superheater bank in the reheat furnace of a steam generator ruptured after seven years in service. The rupture was found to have occurred in the ferritic steel tubing (2.25Cr-1Mo steel (ASME SA-213, grade T-22)) near the joint where it was welded...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... cold-forming and led to damage by stress corrosion. This would have been the correct method for a ferritic steel, but not austenitic steel, which requires the special heat treatment indicated. When an anneal in the critical region is unavoidable and the indicated additional treatment is impossible...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0091362
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... of a longitudinal weld in 6.4 mm (0.25 in.) E-Brite ferritic stainless steel plate showing intergranular corrosion. The weld was made with matching filler metal. About 4× Fig. 2 Intergranular corrosion of a contaminated E-Brite ferritic stainless steel weld. Electrolytically etched with 10% oxalic acid...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... steel quality St 37-2 N, a steel with about 0.5% C had been used. The microstructure with the coarse ferrite network indicated that the forged eye bolt had been normalized either at too high a temperature or not at all. In any case the anneal at 900 deg C produced a considerably more finely grained...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... voids or cavitation, grain-boundary separation, and outside-diameter and/or inside-diameter intergranular cracking or oxide penetration of the grain boundaries. The carbide phase of ferritic steels is fully spheroidized. Temperatures slightly above the design condition are caused by six factors...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001692
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... by a wedging action as the blade pitch adjusted during a revolution. Fatigue of the rim occurred as a result of inadequate lubrication in the bearing, which led to load transfer across the rollers, onto the rim. Bearings Bolts Lubrication Pretensioning Turbine blades Wind turbines Ferritic steel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... ,” Corros. Sci. , 1970 , 10 , p. 839 10.1016/S0010-938X(70)80102-0 . 2. Benziger J. and Madix R.J. : Surf. Sci. , 1980 , 94 , pp. 119 – 53 10.1016/0039-6028(80)90160-0 . 3. Parkins R.N. : “ The Stress Corrosion Cracking of Low-Strength Ferritic Steels ,” The Theory...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract This paper describes the superplastic characteristics of shipbuilding steel deformed at 800 °C and a strain rate less than 0.001/s. After the superplastic deformation, the steel presents mixed fractures: by decohesion of the hard (pearlite and carbides) and ductile (ferrite...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0048840
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... Reference 1. “Standard Method for Conducting Drop-Weight Test to Determine Nil-Ductility Transition Temperature of Ferritic Steels,” E 208, Annual Book of ASTM Standards , Vol 03.01 , ASTM, Philadelphia, 1984 , p 346 – 365 Selected References Selected References • Failures Related...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0089338
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... that the lifting eye failed as a result of overload. Fracture occurred parallel to the rolling direction, through manganese sulfide stringers and ferrite bands in the base metal matrix. The eye was machined from grade 1144 steel that was heavily cold rolled for strength. This material is very anisotropic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0046911
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... along the ferrite bands, possibly because silicon was dissolved in the ferrite and thus made it more susceptible to attack by the molten zinc. To verify this assumption, two T joints were made in 12.5-mm ( 1 2 -in.) thick ASTM A285, grade B, steel plate. One joint was welded using...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Test Method for Conducting Drop-Weight Test to Determine Nil-Ductility Transition Temperature of Ferritic Steels ,” E 208-19, ASTM International Selected References Selected References • “ Standard Test Methods for Rockwell Hardness of Metallic Materials ,” E 18-20, ASTM International...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0048787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... examination. A very fine transverse fissure through the section was visible. Examination of a micrograph ( Fig. 1b ) showed streaks of ferrite, which can be formed when steel is heated approximately to the melting point. Examination of specimens from other areas of the case exhibited a similar structure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001398
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Portion of Fig. 3 at higher magnification showing intergranular nature of cracks (× 320). Fig. 5 Macrograph showing cracking adjacent to weld securing bellows to steam piping (× 5 1 2 ). Stress corrosion cracking in ferritic steel generally results from contact of the stressed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001683
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... on ferrite and austenite phases differ. 200×. The microstructure of a weld in austenitic stainless steel is two phase, with about 10% ferrite typically included by design into the austenitic cast structure. Weld filler alloy usually contains a higher chromium content, both to enhance general corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047991
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... to raceway showing ferrite, scattered patches of pearlite, and tempered martensite. (d) Micrograph of section through outer ring at raceway showing grains elongated by metal movement (raceway surface is at top) Specifications required that the rings be made of 4140 steel. The raceway surfaces were...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0089459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...—a normal structure for good-quality medium-carbon steel forgings of this composition that had been properly heat treated after forging. The two fractured rods had a banded structure consisting of zones of ferrite (light) and pearlite (dark). Microhardness of the banded region was 140 HB in the light...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001839
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... ferritic steels: duplex stainless steels (code 1600) , Sandia National Laboratories Report , Sep 2008 , pp. 1600 – 1601 2. Yagodzinskyy Y. , Todoshchenko O. , Papula S. , Hänninen H. , Steel Res. Int . 82 ( 1 ), 20 ( 2011 ) 10.1002/srin.201000227 3. Louthan...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Example 2: Rupture of a Ferritic Steel Return Bend Because of Inclusions After 2 years of service, a return bend from a triolefin-unit heater ruptured ( Fig. 3a ). The bend was made from 115-mm (4 1 2 -in.) schedule 40 (6.0 mm, or 0.237-in., wall thickness) pipe of ASTM A213, grade T11...