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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0048772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... between the inclusions in the steel. Scale was observed over most of the crack path, even down to the fine tip of the crack. The scale provided stress raisers in two ways. First, the volume of the oxide exceeded that of the steel it replaced, placing the metal at the crack tip in tension and promoting...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001083
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract Copper alloy (C83600) impellers from two different feed pumps that supplied water to a 2-year-old boiler failed repeatedly. Examination by various methods indicated that the failures were caused by sulfide attack that concentrated in shrinkage voids in the castings. Two alternatives...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006864
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
...). Extrusion uses the highest volume of plastic of any plastics processing technique. The main reason for this is that extrusion is a continuous process, while other techniques are semicontinuous, or batch processes. The second reason is that any plastic pellets that are used in other processes are first...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001365
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract An investigation was conducted to determine the cause of numerous cracks and other defects on the surface of a cast ASTM A743 grade CA-15 stainless steel main boiler feed pump impeller. The surface was examined using a stereomicroscope, and macrofractography was conducted on several...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001327
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... impact properties Table 1 Charpy impact properties Energy absorbed Shear, % Lateral expansion N ft . lbf mm in. 31 23 5 0.5 0.019 56 41 17 0.9 0.035 68 50 29 1.1 0.045 Discussion Volume 10 of the 8th Edition of Metals Handbook defines beach marks...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... of Metallic Orthopedic Implants , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1986 , p 670 – 694 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001819 Handbook of Case Histories in Failure Analysis, Volume 1 Copyright © 1992 ASM International® K.A. Esaklul, editor All rights reserved...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of production and tooling applications. Metal AM processes also proliferated in the early 2000s, especially in the aerospace and medical industries, where tailored, low-volume, high-performance parts are required. This article gives an overview on metal AM processes and describes sources of failures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Wrinkles, which are buckles produced under compressive metal flow ( Fig. 4 ), can be found in the flange area on pan-shaped drawn parts when the larger volume of metal near the blank edge feeds into the die entry radius. Thinner-gage and lower-strength metals are more prone to wrinkling. Increasing binder...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... identified, and underlying factors may be organized in different ways by different authors. (See, for example, the article “Introduction to Failure Analysis and Prevention” in this Volume.) For metallic materials, fundamental factors related to material failures can be considered to include ( Ref 2...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
.... Potter E.C. and Mann G.M.W. , “The Fast Linear Growth of Magnetite on Mild Steel in High Temperature Aqueous Conditions,” Corrosion , Vol. 21 , 1965 , p 57 – 67 . 3. Evans U.R. , The Corrosion and Oxidation of Metals , Chapter XII, Secondary Supplementary Volume, Edward...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001070
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... aeration of the tanks to maintain passivity. In practice, the solution was closer control and a slight increase of pH, closer regulation of temperature, and relocation of the acid feed point. How Failure Could Have Been Prevented The unexpected corrosion could have been prevented if the potential...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...) failures: In-service part failures caused by undesired surface layers: Surface metallurgy, roughness or topography damage associated with metal-removal practices can lead to workpiece rejection during inspection or in-service part failure. In-service part failures caused by metallurgical factors...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001713
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... that may have occurred in the accident. 1 Fig. 1 Drawing of a blender typical of the one involved in the accident, showing the approximate size and mounting configuration. The blender involved in the accident had a working capacity of about 3.5 m 3 and an actual volume near 5.7 m 3 (125 ft 3...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract Two new chrome-plated CDA 377 brass valves intended for inert gas service failed on initial installation. After a pickling operation to clean the metal, the outer surfaces of the valves had been flashed with copper and then plated with nickel and chromium for aesthetic purposes. One...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... identified, and underlying factors may be organized in different ways by different authors. (See, for example, the article “Introduction to Failure Analysis and Prevention” in this Volume.) For metallic materials, fundamental factors related to material failures can be considered to include ( Ref 2...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001358
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract Several compressor diaphragms from five gas turbines cracked after a short time in service. The vanes were constructed of type 403 stainless steel, and welding was performed using type 309L austenitic stainless steel filler metal. The fractures originated in the weld heat-affected...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... propagated by stress-corrosion cracking. The cause of cracking was twofold: use of interference-fit fasteners exposed to moisture intrusion from a marine environment and poor hole quality. Failure was intensified by dissimilar-metal contact in the presence of weak acidic electrolyte (dissociated MoS2...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... volumes of abrasives, or simply because they are available. High-performance bearings are usually made with considerable care and are comparatively more expensive. High-Performance Bearings The soft metals, in various combinations, are used in high-performance bearings, and they are virtually...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006868
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... household containers to aircraft components, from high-volume consumer goods to industrial uses. They can be used as raw materials to fabricate threads and yarns used for weaving cloth to be used in the production of clothing and furniture, for high-strength filaments used in outdoor recreation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract A 460 mm (18 in.) diam suction line to the main feed water pump for a nuclear power plant failed in a violent, catastrophic manner. Samples of pipe, elbow, and weld materials (ASTM A106 grade B carbon steel, ASTM A234 grade WPB carbon steel, and E7018 carbon steel electrode...