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fatigue-like wear

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0048536
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... Abstract A brittle-like crack propagation caused failure in a rubber office-chair roller. A crack initiated from the inside of the roller and propagated in a discontinuous brittle-like fashion, as indicated from the evolution of concentric fracture striations. Compressive fatigue was a dominant...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... that the failure, while high-cycle in nature, was not likely due to an end-of-fatigue-life situation. Metallographic evaluation indicated a significant distribution of nonmetallic inclusions near the fracture initiation site. However, this distribution alone was not sufficient to cause failure, based...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001847
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... underneath. This led to further wear and an increase in friction between the sleeve and bearing bush. Fatigue crack initiation occurred at the root fillet because of stress concentration and large frictional forces. Insufficient nitriding depth facilitated the propagation of fatigue cracks. bearing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001910
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... not in the nitrided condition as was required. This resulted in lower wear and fatigue resistance. These components also had a silicon content nearly double of that specified. The high silicon content lowered the notch tensile strength and toughness of the components. Breech bolts Weapons Military...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... originated from the middle flange. In all of the three rings one flank showed heavy wearing and scouring. The cracks started from the edge of this flank with the cylindrical mantle surface of the middle flange. The cracking resembled fatigue cracking. However, in a fine-grained hardened steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... lubrication, the measurement of the backlash, and the necessary factors for starting the failure analysis. Next, the article explains various gear failure causes, including wear, scuffing, Hertzian fatigue, cracking, fracture, and bending fatigue, and finally presents examples of gear and reducer failure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001848
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... path and with a striation-like pattern [ 12 ]. An undulationlike pattern was definitely observed on the fracture surface. This phenomenon was due to the plastic deformation induced by the localization of stress on these surfaces. A coupling phenomenon between wear and fatigue was also detected...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001436
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... that if the built-up zone had extended beyond the oil seal groove, failure in the manner would not have occurred. Experience indicated however, that failure from fatigue cracking would still have been likely to occur. Shafts (power) Weld defects Weld metal Carbon steel Joining-related failures Brittle...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... at the radius and the high notch sensitivity of the material. The failure mechanism was hydrogen-assisted and was most likely a combination of stress-corrosion cracking and corrosion fatigue. Recommendations were to improve the inspection criteria of the component in service and the material used in fabrication...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001621
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... observed were sharp, transgranular, and not associated with any decarburization or other microstructural anomalies in the steel. Cracking of this main engine crankshaft flange was very likely a consequence of fatigue cracking initiated at fretting damage. The cause of the fretting was from loosening...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006837
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... to axle journals. Both axles failed due to progressive crack growth, referred to as fatigue fracture. The damage on both journals is defined as galling, which is an advanced form of adhesive wear. The galling damage was determined to be the initiation site from which progressive fatigue fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003521
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... EDS (c) may help identify corrodent. Wear debris and/or abrasive can be characterized as to morphology and composition. Rolling contact fatigue appears like wear in early stages. Multiple intergranular fissures covered with reaction scale Grain faces may show porosity...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001846
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...-cycle rotation-bending fatigue. The bearing sleeve failed as a result of abrasive and adhesive wear. Detailed metallurgical analysis indicated that the sleeve and its respective journal had been subjected to abnormally high temperatures, increasing the amount of friction between the sleeve, bearing bush...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... fatigue, crack initiation may account for 90% of fatigue life, whereas in fretting fatigue, initiation could occur in 55% of the fatigue life. Fretting Wear in Mechanical Components Because vibration is one of the main causes of the fretting movement, it follows that the most likely area...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., the reaction is usually oxidation. Fretting wear occurs in tribosystems such as metal versus plastic, where oxidation of nascent surfaces does not usually occur. Abrasive wear by hard particles occurs when one body, in general, a ceramic-like substance, is much harder than the counterface, such as a ductile...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001300
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... a cast iron hub. The wear and pitting pattern in the addendum area of the gear teeth indicated that either the gear or pinion was out of alignment. Beach marks observed on the fractured surface of the gear indicated that fatigue was the cause of the gear failure. Similar gears should be inspected...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
..., the article describes the background information about the shaft used for examination. Then, it focuses on various failures in shafts, namely bending fatigue, torsional fatigue, axial fatigue, contact fatigue, wear, brittle fracture, and ductile fracture. Further, the article discusses the effects...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Fretting is a wear phenomenon that occurs between two mating surfaces; initially, it is adhesive in nature, and vibration or small-amplitude oscillation is an essential causative factor. Fretting generates wear debris, which oxidizes, leading to a corrosion-like morphology...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of small amounts of material from the bearing body occurs. From the standpoint of bearing design, some or all of the following wear-damage mechanisms must be considered. Surface Fatigue Wear A typical example of surface fatigue wear is engine bearings. Fatigue cracking of bimetal bearings occurs...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... (ordinary) fatigue, low-cycle (plastic) fatigue, melting, and chemical dissolution. Hydrogen embrittlement is an example of a hybrid mechanism in which ordinarily ductile material may fracture in a brittle manner. It is often helpful to try to classify the type of observed wear in terms of the modes...