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fatigue fracture

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0047846
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... of shafts was increased to 760 MPA by nitriding for 10 h at 515 deg C. Shock loading Stresses Vibration 8640 UNS G86400 Fatigue fracture The shaft shown in Fig. 1 was from a fuel-injection-pump governor that controlled the speed of a diesel engine used in trucks and tractors. Shafts...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Fig. 1 General features of fatigue fractures Fig. 2 Close-up view of ratchet marks between distinct surface origin sites in an 18.4 cm (7.25 in.) low-alloy steel shaft that failed in rotating-bending fatigue. Ratchet marks (at arrows) are roughly radial steps formed where fatigue...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c0047212
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... to fracture. No evidence of a defective design, improper microstructure, high inclusion count, or other stress-raising condition was observed. No recommendations were made. Earthmoving equipment Plastic deformation Shafts (power) 4340 UNS G43400 Fatigue fracture A steering knuckle used...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c0048082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
.... The shaft was subjected to reverse torsional loading by the operation of the derrick and the shaft fatigue fracture was caused by this. The fillets at the roots of the spline teeth were increased in size and polished to minimize stress concentrations in these areas. Cracks Derricks Magnetic particle...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c0048596
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... fatigue, with a smooth matte fatigue failure region showing beach marks and generally extending over about 40 to 60% of the fracture surface, which indicated severe overload. The point of initiation of fatigue was at the root of the last thread at the edge of the nut on the side toward this washer. The U...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0048039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... types of fractures: flat-type fractures were observed in 1.2 and 1 mm diam wires and cup-and-cone fractures were observed in 0.6 mm diam wires. A nick observed in the side of one of the larger wires was found to be rusted. Beach marks radiating inward, indicative of fatigue cracking, were also revealed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c0048413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
...Abstract Abstract A type 316L stainless steel angled plate failed. The fatigue fracture was found to have occurred at a plate hole. Symmetric cyclic bending forces were revealed by the fatigue damage at the fracture edge at the top surface of the plate. Fatigue striations and slip bands...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0046155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
...Abstract Abstract A structure had been undergoing fatigue testing for several months when a post-like member heat treated to a tensile strength of 1517 to 1655 MPa (220 to 240 ksi) ruptured. The fracture occurred in the fillet of the post that contacted the edge of a carry-through box bolted...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0047817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... was changed to a one-piece forging and circulation of atmosphere during heat treatment was permitted through a hole drilled in the flange end of the rod to avoid decarburization. Friction Welding Holes Roughness Stress concentration 8620 UNS G86200 Fatigue fracture Heat treating-related failures...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0047100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
...Abstract Abstract Plunger shafts machined from 4150 steel bar stock were involved in a series of fatigue failures. The fractures consistently occurred at two locations on the shafts: the shaft fillet and either side of a machined notch. The material specification for the shafts required 41xx...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0089730
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
...-related failures Fatigue fracture The liners for bellows-type expansion joints in a duct assembly ( Fig. 1a ) failed in service. The duct assembly, used in a low-pressure nitrogen gas system, consisted of two expansion joints (bellows) connected by a 32 cm (12 in.) outside diameter (OD) pipe of ASTM...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0048147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract The power-type counterbalance spring, formed from hardened-and-tempered carbon steel strip and subsequently subjected to phosphating treatment, fractured at the two locations during fatigue testing. A rust colored dark band at the inside edge of the fracture surface...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001152
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...; welding to repair worn out bearing or fits, and a broken rear axle tube of a bus are described. Crankshafts Thermal Stresses Tubes Welded joints St 37-2 40Mn4 Fatigue fracture Thermal and transformation stresses, resulting from welding, adding up with operational stresses can result...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0091096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... the conclusion that the basic failure mechanism was fracture by torsional fatigue, which started at numerous surface shear cracks, both longitudinal and transverse, that developed in the periphery of the root of the shear groove. These shear cracks resulted from high peak loads caused by chatter. The shear...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0046160
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... fracture. Axial shift of the crane wheel during operation, because of insufficient interference fit, was the major cause of fatigue cracking. Recommendations included redesigning the axle to increase the critical diameter from 140 to 150 mm (5.5 to 6 in.) and to add a narrow shoulder to keep the drive...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0048060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... examination which indicated that the material was in the as-forged condition (which meant lower fatigue strength). The fracture was concluded to have occurred due to stress concentration in the root of the last thread. Normalizing of the crane hook after forging was suggested as a corrective measure. A stress...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0048064
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... at the inside radius of the hook. Beach marks (typical of fatigue fracture) were found extending over approximately 20% of the fracture surface. Numerous cracks were revealed by macroscopic examination of the torch-cut surfaces. It was revealed by macrograph of an etched specimen that the cracks had initiated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0048102
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
...Abstract Abstract A bridge wheel from a 272,160 kg stripper crane fractured in the web near the rim after one year of service. The wheel was forged from 1055 steel, and the tread, hub faces, and hub bore were machined. Beach marks indicative of fatigue at ten locations were revealed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0048073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... which confirmed failure of the shaft by fatigue fracture. As a corrective measure the shaft was replaced with one made of 4140 steel, quenched and tempered to a hardness of 286 to 319 HRB. The keyway was moved away from the change in section and was machined with a 1.6-mm radius in the bottom corners...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0048031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
..., this wire rope was substituted by the more abrasion resistant 6 x 19 rope. Carbon Chemical composition Cranes Martensite Specifications Tensile Strength Fe-0.73C Fatigue fracture The wire rope on a crane in a scrapyard broke after 2 weeks of service under normal loading conditions...