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fatigue crack initiation

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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 4 Fatigue crack initiation and propagation in the turbine blade sample. Arrow ‘O’ indicates initiation region and small arrows depict crack growth direction. (a) Initiation region; (b) Fatigue striations 0.1-mm from crack initiation region; (c) Crack growth bands 1-mm from crack More
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Published: 01 December 2019
Fig. 2 Macrograph shows fatigue crack initiation site (white) of failed crankshaft LF5. 10× More
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Published: 01 December 2019
Fig. 4 Macrograph shows damaged fatigue crack initiation site of failed crankshaft LF14. 10× More
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Published: 01 December 2019
Fig. 10 SEM micrograph shows LF14 tension-to-tension fatigue crack initiation (FCI) site at planar grain boundary facet (Center). 150× More
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Published: 01 December 2019
Fig. 11 SEM micrograph shows film on facet at fatigue crack initiation site of LF14 tension-to-tension test. 2,000× More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 13 Fatigue-crack initiation in polystyrene from a V-notch. Note crazes surrounding and preceding the crack. 37× More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 34 Fatigue-crack-initiation behavior of various steels at a stress ratio of +0.1. Source: Ref 9 More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 35 Dependence of fatigue-crack-initiation threshold on yield strength More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 43 (a) A fatigue crack initiating close to the flank surface of the gear tooth. (b) Multiple cracks within the carburized surface layer of the tooth in another area More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 19 Stainless steel boat shaft that failed by bending fatigue. Cracks initiated at surface gouges at the 1 and 5 o’clock locations. More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
..., and chemical analyses revealed that the concentric pipe failed due to fatigue. Fatigue cracks initiated along longitudinal welds where wire spacers attach to the external surface of the pipe. The effect of crack-like defects, stress concentration at the weld toe, residual tensile stress, and lack...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c9001606
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... four of the implants. In every instance, the fatigue cracks initiated from the attachment screw holes at the reduced cross sections of the implants. Two fixation implant designs were analyzed using finite-element modeling. This analysis confirmed the presence of severe stress concentrations adjacent...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... during their lifetime. This article focuses on fractography of fatigue. It provides an abbreviated summary of fatigue processes and mechanisms: fatigue crack initiation, fatigue crack propagation, and final fracture,. Characteristic fatigue fracture features that can be discerned visually or under low...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001621
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... observed were sharp, transgranular, and not associated with any decarburization or other microstructural anomalies in the steel. Cracking of this main engine crankshaft flange was very likely a consequence of fatigue cracking initiated at fretting damage. The cause of the fretting was from loosening...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... the yoke in the region of the cracking indicated that the failure was caused by fatigue-crack initiation and growth from severe corrosion damage to a pillow-block bolt hole. Corrosion occurred because of failure of the protection scheme. An upgraded corrosion protection scheme for the bolt holes...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001346
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... as well as restriction to movement. Fatigue cracks initiated intergranularly from both the flue gas and steam sides. Enhanced general and grain boundary oxidation coupled with age hardening of the alloy led to the formation of incipient intergranular cracks that acted as sites for the initiation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001531
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
..., and ductility are mainly determined by the carbon content of wheel steels. The fatigue crack growth resistance is insensitive to composition and microstructure, while the fatigue crack initiation life increases with the decrease of austenite grain size and pearlite colony size. The dynamic fracture toughness...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001442
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... the unwelded roots of the fillet welds, by which the vanes were attached to the supporting plates. The impeller would have shown increased resistance to fatigue crack initiation if the T joint between the vanes and plates had been of the full penetration type. Fillet welds Impellers Weld defects Mild...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0047558
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... that had been subjected to appreciable rubbing. The fracture appeared to be typical of rotary bending fatigue under conditions of a low nominal stress with a severe stress concentration. It appeared that the fatigue cracks initiated in the surface-weld layer. The weld deposit in the original keyway...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0047151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... the conclusion that the connecting rods were rendered susceptible to fatigue-crack initiation and propagation by the notch effect of coarse folds formed during the forging operation. One fracture was caused by fatigue resulting from operating stresses, and the other was a secondary tensile fracture...