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extruded metal products

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006864
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Additive Manufacturing Liquid-Based Additive Manufacturing Processes Stereolithography Typical Materials and Their Properties Extrusion Applications and Typical Products Equipment Overview Processing Details and Parameters Die and Product Design Functions of the Extruder...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0006402
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... (aircrafts) 7075 UNS A97075 Intergranular corrosion New aircraft wing panels extruded from 7075-T6 aluminum were reported to be discolored, exhibiting an unusual pattern of circular black interrupted lines ( Fig. 1a ). The black marks were coherent with the metal and could not be removed by scouring...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... with aluminum. The wearing out of the bearing surface causes change in surface configuration and dimensional accuracy of the extruded product. Hence, it is not advisable to use temperature above the nitriding temperature. The response of a billet to extrusion process can be influenced by the speed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001710
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... the extensive nodular corrosion product on the external surface of the racks as shown in Figure 3 and to inspect the other weld areas. Fig. 3 Nodular corrosion product on storage rack The storage rack structure was fabricated from 6061 aluminum alloy. Rolled sheet and extruded bar were welded...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006915
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... such as threaded metal inserts into plastic parts and threaded plastic bottle caps. The Voigt model, a parallel combination of spring and dashpot, helps to explain the action known as creep. Creep occurs when, under a static load for extended periods of time, increased strain levels slowly develop, as in the case...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.9781627083959
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001823
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... into the metal at temperatures above 1130 °C. The likely source of the carbon was the extruded polyethylene and/or hydrocarbon product. Also present in the white region are cracks, consistent with the low ductility of eutectic iron. Region 2 consists of coarse and finegrained HAZs. The microstructure in Region 2...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001691
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Abstract The Advanced Photon Source (APS) is a state-of-the-art synchrotron light source. The storage ring vacuum chamber is fabricated from 6061 extruded aluminum. Water connections to the vacuum chambers that were fabricated from 3003 aluminum had developed water leaks, which were...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001455
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... properties for a 1 in. thick section are as follows: 0.1 % P.S. 26 t.p.s.i. min. 0.2% P.S. 27 t.p.s.i. ,, U.T.S 30 t.p.s.i. ,, Elong. 4 A. 8% 5.65 A. 6% It has long been recognised that the addition of alloy metals to aluminium to improve its strength results...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003507
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article describes the general root causes of failure associated with wrought metals and metalworking. This includes a brief review of the discontinuities or imperfections that may be the common sources of failure-inducing defects in bulk working of wrought products. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... discontinuities hot forming ingot casting metalworking defects nonferrous forging steel forging wrought metal products Introduction to Failures Related to Hot Forming Processes Wrought forms are produced by a wide variety of metalworking operations that can be roughly divided into bulk-working...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001601
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... demanded by the defense and aerospace industries. The relatively low tooling cost and remarkable material utilization due to chipless metal forming provide economic drivers, while the ability to achieve high strength finished product from low strength starting material is due to strain hardening. Flow...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001617
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... Abstract Failures of various types of hydraulic couplings used to connect pipes in a naval vessel are described and used to illustrate some of the general procedures for failure analysis. Cracking of couplings, which were manufactured from nickel-aluminum- bronze extruded bar, occurred in both...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006916
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
.... When plastic shrinks around the insert, hoop stress is molded into the part, and cracking often results. Figure 13 shows the cracking of the plastic around a metal insert. To minimize cycle time and increase productivity, suppliers of molded parts often mold the parts at significantly lower than...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001103
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... and, by deduction, the method of manufacture. Fine, strongly aligned grains lay parallel to the bolt axis in all parts of the section. It was therefore concluded that the bolt was machined directly from extruded bar. Clearly, the metal failure in this material was not nearly as localized as might be suggested...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... adherent corrosion products, because it does not damage the metal surface in any way. When the various standard references and other texts that illustrate microfractographic features are consulted, it is normal to find excellent illustrations of the features of interest. Unfortunately, the failure...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... found to remove the coating and clean the fracture face without attack on the metal. Figure 13 shows a fracture that had taken place during a drilling operation in a water-laden soil environment. In Fig. 13(a) , the fracture is initially covered with corrosion products, the surface being reddish...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... failure of the corroded clutch shaft, which was subjected to a sudden, high level load when the shaft connecting the gearbox to the propeller failed. References References 1. Jing Ping J. , Guang M. : Investigation on the failure of the gear shaft connected to extruder . Eng. Fail...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006912
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... readily apparent that most were manufactured out of metal, wood, or glass ( Fig. 1 ). In the short span of 70 years, the application of plastics has grown exponentially (from 1.5 million tons to 350 million tons of plastic resin sold), affecting every industry worldwide. Therefore, product failures...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006868
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... product applications. When Not to Choose Plastics Plastic materials are not correct for every situation. Long-term loading is one area in which metals are selected over plastic materials. Long-term high-temperature applications should be analyzed carefully before selecting plastics. Long-term outdoor...