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eutectic growth models

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... as shown in Fig. 15 . The resulting Von-misses stress around the hole is shown in Fig. 15 , which includes plastic deformations. The stress component in the x -direction (crack growth direction) and the maximum principal stress are shown in Fig. 16 . As seen in the figure, by considering the bolt model...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of Mechanical Properties of Lead-Free Solders for Electronic Packaging , J. Mater. Sci. , Vol 44 (No. 5 ), 2009 , p 1141 – 1158 10.1007/s10853-008-3125-9 3. Mei Z. and Morris J. , Characterization of Eutectic Sn-Bi Solder Joints , J. Electron. Mater. , Vol 21 (No. 6 ), 1992 , p...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001308
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... high residual stresses. For medium- to high-carbon steels, it is generally recommended that oil quenching or air hardening be used to minimize the potential for cracking. Most Probable Cause Wind tunnel testing often requires model orientation adjustment. This is accomplished by rotating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... May cause nonuniform grain growth or overall grain growth Increases hardenability May cause variations in local hardenability May reverse normalization and increase local segregation or banding Preheat Behaves as stress relief Relieves prior stresses Machining...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... steel 68.53 17.67 9.62 1.22 … 0.38 0.77 0.051 0.38 … 0.2 0.021 0.72 IN-800H 44.89 19.63 33.17 0.77 0.46 … 0.29 0.06 0.2 0.53 … … … IN-625 5 21.5 58 … … 9 … … … … … 3.55 … Note: Molten chloride eutectic: 34.42wt%NaCl-65.58wt%LiCl. Source: Ref 77...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and intensifies the stresses at the crack tip during tensile cycles, thereby assisting in the crack growth. Corrosion fatigue cracking can be reduced or eliminated by controlling cyclic tensile stresses (reducing or avoiding cyclic boiler operation or extending startup and shutdown times), redesigning tube...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003517
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., microstructural evaluations, the creep cavitation damage assessment, the oxide-scale-based life prediction, and high-temperature crack growth methods. coating evaluation creep cavitation damage assessment elevated-temperature failure gas turbine blade hardness testing high-temperature crack growth...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... growth of crack, and the sudden fracture of the remaining cross section. The article discusses the effects of loading and stress distribution on fatigue cracks, and reviews the fatigue behavior of materials when subjected to different loading conditions such as bending and loading. The article examines...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... in service without an applied stress-intensity-factor crack. (a) Low magnification. (b) High magnification. Source: Ref 12 Fig. 6 High-cycle fatigue in D6AC steel at Δ K > 60 MPa m (54.6 ksi in . ). (a) Macroscopic view of rapid fatigue growth under plane-stress...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article provides a description of the microscale models and mechanisms for deformation and fracture. Macroscale and microscale appearances of ductile and brittle fracture are discussed for various specimen geometries and loading conditions. The article reviews the general...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...Abstract Abstract This article focuses on characterizing the fracture-surface appearance at the microscale and contains some discussion on both crack nucleation and propagation mechanisms that cause the fracture appearance. It begins with a discussion on microscale models and mechanisms...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Prevention in the Process Industries….What European Industry is Doing” , pp. 239 – 252 . NACE , Amsterdam, The Netherlands ( 1989 ) 12. Speidel M.O. : Current understanding of stress corrosion crack growth in aluminum alloys . In: Scully J.C. (ed.) The Theory of Stress Corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003540
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... at low magnification (10×) and (b) uniform dimples on one facet at higher magnification Fig. 6 High-cycle fatigue in D6AC steel at Δ K > 60 MPa m (54.6 ksi in. ). (a) Macroscopic view of rapid fatigue growth under plane-stress conditions. (b) High-quality TEM replica...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... should ideally include the assessment of the whole component life, with the conditions for crack initiation, cyclic crack growth, and final fracture. It must be distinguished between an infinite-life design, where the number of cycles is not important, and a finite-life design, in which the cycles up...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... to that of a eutectic G 120 Nonmetallic inclusions; slag, dross, flux G 121 (a) Nonmetallic inclusions whose appearance or analysis shows they arise from melting slags, products of metal treatment or fluxes Slag, dross or flux inclusions, ceroxides G 122 (a) Nonmetallic inclusions generally...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...; generally spherical and often coated with oxide Cold shot G 113 Spherical metallic inclusions inside blowholes or other cavities or in surface depressions (see A 311). Composition approximates that of the alloy cast but nearer to that of a eutectic Internal sweating, phosphide sweat G 120...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... , Micromechanisms of Monotonic and Cyclic Crack Growth , Fatigue and Fracture , Vol 19 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1996 , p 50 10.31399/asm.hb.v19.a0002352 8. Ebara R. et al. , Corrosion-Fatigue Behavior of 13Cr Stainless Steel in Sodium-Chloride Aqueous Solution and Steam Environment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003536
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... surface. The combination of the fractographs and serial sections clearly reveal the fracture segment generated due to the nucleation and growth of void(s) around the constituent particles present in the recrystallized grains. Fig. 13 Slit-island method for measuring fractal dimensions...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... 1 , which includes concise summaries of contributing factors and the visual and microscopic aspects of each. In general, the growth or propagation of cracks during an overload fracture is more rapid than for the more progressive forms of cracking due to fatigue or creep. Hence, overload is described...