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erosion-resistant coatings

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... have confirmed that commercially available powder (e.g., Ni-15.5Cr-4Fe-4Si-3B, in weight percent), plasma sprayed on a variety of substrates and then flame remelted, form adherent, hard, erosion-resistant coatings ( Ref 25 ). Performance in vibratory cavitation of as-sprayed and flame remelted Ni-Cr-Fe...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... by particles having higher kinetic energy, thus increasing the rate of damage. Erosion by fly ash causes polishing, flat spots, wall thinning, and eventual tube rupture. Fly-ash erosion can be controlled by coating tube surfaces with refractory cements or other hard, wear-resistant materials, although...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., and eventual tube rupture. Fly ash erosion can be controlled by coating tube surfaces with refractory cements and other hard, erosion-resistant materials, although this reduces the heat-transfer capability of the surface. An alternative method is the use of baffles to channel gas flow away from critical areas...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and coatings, including metals, structural plastics, composites, and metals with ceramic or metallic coatings; elastomeric coatings; window materials; and transparent thin-film coatings on window materials. Details on these procedures are outlined in the standard. Calculation of Erosion Resistance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and abrasive wear, which shows the dependence of wear resistance on hardness. Wear resistance is also influenced by elastic modulus ( E ) ( Ref 42 ), because it is related to atomic bond strength. It should be noted that Eq 4 is inapplicable to erosion when impact (e.g., high-velocity solid-particle...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... The replacement pump was slightly oversized, which had the potential to cause erosion or cavitation. The impeller was coated with a brushable ceramic, which was typical for seawater impellers, for additional corrosion resistance and mechanical strength. The pump is a split case, double suction, with equal suction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... used in the laboratory portion of the failure investigation are mentioned in the failure examples. The topics covered are creep, localized overheating, thermal-mechanical fatigue, high-cycle fatigue, fretting wear, erosive wear, high-temperature oxidation, hot corrosion, liquid metal embrittlement...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in boilers are employing thicker tubes of the same material; shielding tubes with clamp-on protectors; coating with thermal sprayed, corrosion-resistant materials; blending coals to reduce corrosive ash constituents; replacing tubes with higher-grade alloys or coextruded tubing; lowering final steam outlet...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006796
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... , Vol 186–187 , 1995 , p 395 – 400 10.1016/0043-1648(95)07136-9 38. Mann B.S. and Arya V. , HVOF Coating and Surface Treatment for Enhancing Droplet Erosion Resistance of Steam Turbine Blades , Wear , Vol 254 , 2003 , p 652 – 667 10.1016/S0043-1648(03)00253-9 39...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001592
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... of a suitable chemical program and/or coating of the surface with a corrosion resistant material is also recommended. In an aggressive environment, the failure mode was localized corrosive attack caused by turbulence and erosion corrosion. The corrosion failure process was enhanced by the high velocity...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... the dominant failure mechanisms and that the materials and processes used to make the pumps were largely unsuited for the application. pump casing cavitation wear erosion steel shrinkage pits and voids scanning electron microscopy cavitation resistance C30 (low-carbon steel alloy) UNS G10300...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... corrosion. Poor designs can cause materials highly resistant to uniform corrosion attack to fail catastrophically to local attack. Conditions that may cause an acceleration of corrosion include stagnation and rapid fluid flow. Designs that minimize the possibility of crevice corrosion, erosion-corrosion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Electrical Isolation The joint between dissimilar metals can be isolated to break the electrical continuity. Use of nonmetallic inserts, washers, fittings, and coatings at the joint between the materials will provide sufficient electrical resistance to eliminate galvanic corrosion. The design...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... dissimilar metals can be isolated to break the electrical continuity. Use of nonmetallic inserts, washers, fittings, and coatings at the joint between the materials will provide sufficient electrical resistance to eliminate galvanic corrosion. The design of the insulation or maintenance must ensure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001628
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... that the discoloration on the cylinder was associated with metal oxidation products coated with a thin oil film. One of the recommendations was to plate the OD of the cylinder with hard chromium to increase its resistance to erosion. Another recommendation was to reduce the amounts of water contamination...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001486
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... of the piston. The exact mechanism of cavitation damage is not entirely clear. Two schools of thought have developed, one supporting an essentially erosive, and the other an essentially corrosive, mechanism. Measures to prevent, or reduce, cavitation damage should be considered firstly from the aspect of design...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001657
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... that coating erosion in conjunction with severe hot-corrosion was responsible for crack initiation in the leading edge area. Coating erosion Marine engines Turbine blades Turbine vanes MAR-M302 Inconel 713C High-temperature corrosion and oxidation Fatigue fracture Introduction...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... the matrix, thus increasing the wear rate.) Some coatings, such as some electroless nickel deposits or WC-Co deposits obtained by plasma spray, display lower wear resistance than expected because they may be quite defective; that is, they may contain pores or cracks that favor brittle fracture. Fig...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... been dissolved. Iron is nearly inert in air-free water and seawater, because there is limited cathodic reaction possible. If the surface of the metal is coated with paint or other nonconducting film, the rates of both anodic and cathodic reactions are greatly reduced, and corrosion will be retarded...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006913
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... 420 (a) In the earlier steps, an interrupted arc is used to obtain a less severe condition than the continuous arc: a current of less than 10 mA produces an unsteady (flaring) arc. Source: Ref 9 ASTM D2132 Standard Test Method for Dust-and-Fog Tracking and Erosion Resistance...