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environmentally induced cracking

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...-induced embrittlement. This phenomenon shares many of these characteristics with other modes of environmentally induced cracking, such as hydrogen embrittlement and stress-corrosion cracking. The discussion covers the occurrence, failure analysis, and service failures of the embrittlement. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of environmentally induced cracking, this article deals only with SCC of metallic components. It begins by presenting terminology and background of SCC. Then, the general characteristics of SCC and the development of conditions for SCC as well as the stages of SCC are covered. The article provides a brief overview...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001721
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
..., the subsequent changing from SAE grade 8 to the higher strength ASTM A574 bonnet screws, and the failure to protect the screws from the corrosive environment. The phenomena of SCC is the failure of engineering materials during service due to environmentally induced crack propagation. Many of these failures...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the root cause of an overload failure. It also presents examples of thermally and environmentally induced embrittlement effects that can alter the overload fracture behavior of metals. atomic structure brittle cracking crack propagation crystalline structure ductile cracking ductility...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001278
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... is stressed in the presence of a solvent environment, solvent-induced cracking, or environmentally induced cracking, can occur, resulting in a catastrophic brittle-like failure. This phenomenon also occurs with other plastics and other solvents. Solvent-induced cracking of the polycarbonate lenses...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001094
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... by environmentally-induced cracking, possibly hydrogen embrittlement, as a result of exposure to an aqueous environment. How Failure Could Have Been Prevented The failure of the type 410 martensitic stainless steel self-drilling tapping screws could have been prevented if simulated performance tests under...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001344
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
..., the possibility of caustic SCC of stressed areas of the 304H-SS superheater bank is remote. However, high residual stresses, resulting from short longitudinal weldments to “stitch” together adjoining tubes, increase the risk of environmentally induced cracking if chemistry upsets occur in the steam system. Check...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003554
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... ( No. 7 ), July 1991 , p 555 – 567 • Krupowicz J.J. , “Effect of Heat Treatment on Liquid Metal-Induced Cracking of Austenitic Alloys,” Conf. Slow Strain Rate Testing for the Evaluation of Environmentally Induced Cracking: Research and Engineering Applications , 18–19 May 1992...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001805
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... fully austenitic at high levels of cold work, reducing susceptibility to environmentally induced cracking, such as HE or SCC. Austenitic stainless steels (e.g., 304 and 316) are generally regarded as having superior corrosion resistance to martensitic grades (i.e., 420) [ 4 ]. Trade literature...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001594
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... corrosion or other environmental factors influence crack extension, the crack often branches during propagation, and corrosion products may be present on the fracture surface. Additionally, environmentally induced cracks are frequently primarily intergranular. Fig. 4 Photomicrographs at an axial weld...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...; that is, shattering does not occur in the absence of stress with solvent exposure. However, when PC material is stressed in the presence of a solvent environment, solvent-induced or environmentally induced cracking can occur, resulting in a catastrophic brittle-like failure. This phenomenon also occurs with other...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., enters the metal, diffuses to the crack tip region, and causes propagation by hydrogen stress cracking. This mechanism is no doubt involved in the environmental embrittlement of high-hardness, high-strength carbon, alloy, and stainless steels. While each of these mechanisms explains some...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003540
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to the weakening of grain boundaries by various time-temperature factors, such as species transport or diffusion or thermal activation. Moreover, synergistic effects of environmental conditions and sustained stress may be involved in IG cracking. The conditions under which a slowly growing crack may follow...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...-Induced Intergranular Fracture Liquid Metal Induced Embrittlement Grain boundaries or the preferred path of crack growth can become embrittled by a variety of environmental conditions, such as hydrogen embrittlement, stress-corrosion cracking (SCC), and corrosion. If the process occurs...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... U.K. , Bose S.K. , and Roy S.K. , Environmental Degradation of Metals , Marcel Dekker , 2001 10.1201/9781482292244 2. Hirth J.P. , Theories of Hydrogen Induced Cracking , Hydrogen Embrittlement and Stress Corrosion Cracking , Gibala R. and Hehemann R.F. , Ed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001828
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... This is especially true in large-sized components of complex shape. For such components hardness measurements on the component at several locations are almost essential to ensure accuracy and uniformity. Hydrogen environmental embrittlement (HEE) is often considered to play an important role in crack propagation...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... U.K. , Bose S.K. , and Roy S.K. , Environmental Degradation of Metals , Marcel Deckker , 2001 2. Hirth J.P. , Theories of Hydrogen Induced Cracking , Hydrogen Embrittlement and Stress Corrosion Cracking , Gibala R. and Hehemann R.F. , Ed., American Society...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...) Introduction Failures of components by liquid–metal embrittlement (LME) and solid–metal-induced embrittlement (SMIE) are less common than failures by other environmentally assisted cracking phenomena such as hydrogen embrittlement (HE), stress-corrosion cracking (SCC), and corrosion-fatigue (CF...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0090639
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
..., and environmentally assisted cracking (stress-corrosion cracking, SCC). Failure mechanisms of fatigue fracture and environmentally assisted cracking were eliminated, because no evidence of SCC or fatigue fracture was observed; thus, the failure analysts focused on the possibility of overload failure. Further tests...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of the environmental coating adjacent to the distress or crack. Examples of such distress typically can be observed during binocular examination as shown in Fig. 6 . Wrinkling should not be confused with fine “spider” type coating cracks commonly observed adjacent to tensile induced fractures and impact sites. Other...