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environmentally affected fracture

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of a component of interest in a failure investigation. Details on the mechanisms of deformation, brittle transgranular fracture, intergranular fracture, fatigue fracture, and environmentally affected fracture are also provided. brittle transgranular fracture creep fracture deformation ductile fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003550
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... chemicals can induce environmental stress cracking (ESC), an effect in which brittle fracture of a polymer will occur at a level of stress well below that required to cause failure in the absence of the ESC reagent. Finally, there are some chemicals that cause actual degradation of the polymer, breaking...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... either a fatigue mechanism or ductile overload failure. SEM analysis revealed that the mode of fracture was intergranular decohesion, which indicates an environmental influence in the fracture mechanism. The primary fracture initiated at a thread root and propagated by environmentally-assisted slow crack...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... the electrochemical nature of corrosion and provides the typical analysis of environmental- and corrosion-related failures. It presents common methods of testing of laboratory corrosion and discusses the processes involved in the prevention of environmental- and corrosion-related failures of metals and nonmetals...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003540
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article briefly reviews the various metallurgical or environmental factors that cause a weakening of the grain boundaries and, in turn, influence the occurrence of intergranular (IG) fractures. It discusses the mechanisms of IG fractures, including the dimpled IG fracture, the IG...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001648
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... removed from the fractured coupling and prepared in such a way as to show, in cross section, those surfaces affected by corrosive activity. Representative metallurgical specimens prepared for examination are shown in Fig. 16 and 17 . These figures demonstrate the depth of corrosion at both the top...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract This article briefly reviews the factors that influence the occurrence of intergranular (IG) fractures. Because the appearance of IG fractures is often very similar, the principal focus is placed on the various metallurgical or environmental factors that cause grain boundaries...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... that act as stress intensifiers (e.g., lack of fusion, lack of penetration, porosity, slag inclusions, etc.) makes welds and weld heat-affected zones critical locations for potential brittle fracture. Stress Stress provides the energy necessary to drive a defect to fracture. Typical sources...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of environmentally induced cracking, this article deals only with SCC of metallic components. It begins by presenting terminology and background of SCC. Then, the general characteristics of SCC and the development of conditions for SCC as well as the stages of SCC are covered. The article provides a brief overview...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001841
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Fig. 1 Lower magnification SEM image of 316L stent fracture surface Fig. 2 Higher magnification SEM image of 316L stent fracture surface Fig. 3 SEM image of ultrasonic crack in stent prior to deployment Fig. 4 SEM image of guide wire fracture surface. For evidence...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... environmental hydrogen. It is also commonly considered a subcritical crack growth mechanism that often produces time-delayed fractures in production parts (especially high-strength steels) even with no externally applied stress. The phenomenon is characterized by the simultaneous interactions of sustained...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in steels and other alloys exposed to hydrogen. It generally affects lower-strength alloys. Fracture does not necessarily occur, as it does with higher-strength alloys; these alloys experience only a decrease in tensile elongation and reduction in area, depending on strain rate and hydrogen content...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... microscope examination of the tie-rod fracture surface revealed brittle cleavage fracture. Optical metallography was also conducted near the surface of the fracture through the weld, and a crack was observed at the interface between the heat-affected zone and the parent metal. It was concluded...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... solid metal. Thermal environments that affect metal properties and fracture include exposure to low (cryogenic, for example) and high temperatures. Selection and Preservation of Fracture Surfaces The proper selection, preservation, and cleaning of fracture surfaces is vital to prevent important...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Metal-induced embrittlement is a phenomenon in which the ductility or the fracture stress of a solid metal is reduced by surface contact with another metal in either the liquid or solid form. This article summarizes some of the characteristics of liquid-metal- and solid-metal-induced...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... ridges in stage II. The plateaus are usually normal to the direction of maximum tensile stress ( Fig. 13a ). A transition from stage I to stage II in a coarse-grain specimen of aluminum alloy 2024-T3 is shown in Fig. 13(b) . The presence of inclusions rich in iron and silicon did not affect the fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... on the SS of the bucket Fig. 5 ( a ) Macrograph showing the appearance of corrosion cavities, ( b ) macrograph showing the appearance and EDS analysis of local corrosion cavities in different locations: 1—oxide scale, 2—subscale sulfide particles, 3—remaining coating, not affected by corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... creep can be observed, and fracture may occur with only minimum extension. Oxide and Nitride Strengthening An entirely different source of variation from classical creep may occur from environmental reactions at high temperature. For example, tests longer than 50 h with 80Ni-20Cr alloys at 816...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Instititute Eq equation ESC environmental stress cracking et al. and others ETFE ethylenetetraflouroethylene ETP electrolytic tough pitch (copper) eV electron volt F force FAA Federal Aviation Administration FAC failure assessment curve FAD failure assessment diagram FAP failure assessment point FATT fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627081801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1