1-20 of 235 Search Results for

environmental stress cracking

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006917
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Abstract While there are many fracture mechanisms that can lead to the failure of a plastic component, environmental stress cracking (ESC) is recognized as one of the leading causes of plastic failure. This article focuses on unpacking the basic concepts of ESC to provide the engineer...
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 1 Effect of environmental stress cracking agents on creep rupture performance More
Image
Published: 15 May 2022
Fig. 1 Effect of environmental stress cracking agents on creep rupture performance More
Image
Published: 15 May 2022
Fig. 8 Environmental stress cracking fixtures for strain-controlled bent test according to (a) ISO 22088-3 and (b) ASTM D543, Practice B More
Image
Published: 15 May 2022
Fig. 12 Micrograph showing environmental stress cracking fractures originating at a design corner within a molded component. Multiple cracks initiated, extended, and subsequently coalesced to form the fracture. Ridgelike features representing crack unions are present between the individual More
Image
Published: 15 May 2022
Fig. 6 Tensile creep equipment schematic for measuring environmental stress crack formation according to ISO 22088-2. Adapted from Ref 34 More
Image
Published: 15 May 2022
Fig. 11 Micrographs showing environmental stress crack initiation adjacent to a molded-in boss with sharp corners. These corners act as points of significant stress concentration. More
Image
Published: 15 May 2022
Fig. 14 Micrograph of an environmental stress crack fracture surface exhibiting the clear location of crack initiation. The crack origin has a very smooth texture and is bounded by a thumbnail marking. More
Image
Published: 15 May 2022
Fig. 15 Micrograph of an environmental stress crack fracture surface exhibiting a relatively smooth texture. The fracture transitions into more coarse features representing the final fracture zone. More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006926
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... or the chemical environment alone may not appreciably weaken a material. This phenomenon is referred to as environmental stress cracking (ESC). The ESC failure mechanism for a particular plastics-chemical environment combination can be quite complex and, in many cases, is not yet fully understood. This article...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0090448
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... resin. The grease present within the housing assembly, analyzed using micro-FTIR, was composed of a hydrocarbon-based oil, a phthalate-based oil, lithium stearate, and an amide-based additive. The conclusion was that the appliance housings failed through environmental stress cracking caused...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006921
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... four of the eight major aging mechanisms, namely environmental stress cracking, chemical degradation, creep, and fatigue, as well as the methods used in product service lifetime assessment for them. Later, several methods of service lifetime prediction that have gained industry-wide acceptance, namely...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006867
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... the polymer if they are present in large enough quantity and if the polymer is not crosslinked. Other chemicals can induce environmental stress cracking (ESC), an effect in which brittle fracture of a polymer will occur at a level of stress well below that required to cause failure in the absence of the ESC...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003550
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract The article commences with an overview of short-term and long-term mechanical properties of polymeric materials. It discusses plasticization, solvation, and swelling in rubber products. The article further describes environmental stress cracking and degradation of polymers...
Image
Published: 15 May 2022
Fig. 13 Micrograph showing the initiation, propagation, and coalescence of multiple environmental stress cracks. The individual cracks are separated by ridgelike crack unions. More
Image
Published: 15 May 2022
Fig. 44 SEM fractographs of a polyvinyl chloride specimen fractured by environmental stress cracking, with phthalate plasticizer as a stress-cracking agent. (a) Original magnification: 500×. (b) Original magnification: 1500×. (c) Bridged fibrils. Original magnification: 3500×. (d) Bridged More
Image
Published: 15 May 2022
Fig. 10 Micrograph showing the presence of multiple parallel cracks associated with environmental stress cracking in a boss More
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 26 Scanning electron image showing brittle fracture features at the crack initiation site, characteristic of environmental stress cracking. 24× More
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Scanning electron image showing brittle fracture features at the crack initiation site, characteristic of environmental stress cracking. 24× More
Image
Published: 15 May 2022
Fig. 14 Images from time-dependent failure of high-density polyethylene pipes showing the progressive crack-front shapes in a water pipe. (a) Thick-walled pipe (~65 mm, or 2.6 in.) failure by environmental stress cracking, showing semielliptical crack fronts. (b) Slow crack growth showing More