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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001278
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...; and to not apply excessive stress on ophthalmic lenses in the form of working or residual stresses. Acetone environment Cracking, environmental effects Crazing Mechanical properties Plastic Safety glasses Swelling Polycarbonate Environmental cracking (plastics) Background Testing Procedure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... to Britain where they expanded their activities to cover the application of RCM in nearly every industrial sector, spanning more than 40 countries. They built on Nowlan’s work while retaining its original focus on equipment safety and reliability. For example, they added environmental issues to the safety...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... work while retaining its original focus on equipment safety and reliability. For example, they added environmental issues to the safety issues in the decision-making process, clarified the ways in which equipment functions should be defined, developed more precise rules for selecting maintenance tasks...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Fig. 1 Metallic debris observed on airport runway. Source: Ref 7 , 8 . Courtesy of National Transportation Safety Board Fig. 2 Air France Flight 4590 during takeoff. Source: Ref 7 , 8 . Courtesy of National Transportation Safety Board Fig. 3 Diagram indicating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... sophistication in design and processing was required. However, with the heightened awareness of efficient design, optimized performance, economic competition, environmental impacts, safety concerns, and legal liability, current methods of materials selection are viewed more and more as a simultaneous...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in design and processing was required. However, with the heightened awareness of efficient design, optimized performance, economic competition, environmental impacts, safety concerns, and legal liability, current methods of materials selection are viewed more and more as a simultaneous and integral...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627081801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001288
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... in section. No fatigue beach marks were visually observed on the fracture surface, because the press had operated continuously under the same repeated loading and the same environmental conditions. However, calculations using two different methods have shown that the press platen is not safe against fatigue...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Failures Implementing Corrective Actions Operation, Maintenance, and Inspection Incorporating Lessons Learned Applying Codes, Standards, and Regulations Safety Factors and Reliability Materials Selection Failure Modes and Effects Analysis Fault-Tree Analysis Failure Prevention...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003516
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... is extremely important. The temperature and the chemical atmosphere determine the operational life of the structure. Again use the aircraft example and consider environmental degradation. Aircraft are either in flight or on the ground. Generally in flight, the aircraft is subjected to cold temperatures...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001594
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
..., such as mechanical vibration, internal pulsation, joint design, and welding workmanship; and 3) implications of a leaking crack on plant safety. TU Electric has implemented the use of modified welding techniques for the fabrication of socket-welded joints that are expected to improve their ability to tolerate...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., be they loss of production, property damage, injury, or fatality. The discipline has also been used effectively as a teaching tool for new or less experienced engineers. The importance and value of failure analysis to safety, reliability, performance, and economy are well documented. For example...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Example 1 in this article is just one case of this, and more information on environmental stress cracking (ESC) of plastics is described in the article “Effect of Environment on the Performance of Plastics” in this Volume. Nonsolvents that possess specific physiochemical affinity leading to wetting...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003523
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Safety Council is an excellent general resource for workplace safety. In addition to books/articles that specifically address investigation, reconstruction, and safety issues, codes and standards are also commonly used for reconstruction. The knowledge of codes and standards is necessary to all types...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003503
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... be made in a timely manner. Proper planning requires that the system requirements—including the operating modes and functions of the system, required performance levels, environmental considerations, and safety or regulatory requirements—all be specified. During the planning process, data such as field...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001697
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... waters is regulated by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the U.S. Public Health Service and other related federal and state agencies. The sole purpose of these regulations is to safeguard the health and safety of the general population. Some...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...-induced embrittlement. This phenomenon shares many of these characteristics with other modes of environmentally induced cracking, such as hydrogen embrittlement and stress-corrosion cracking. The discussion covers the occurrence, failure analysis, and service failures of the embrittlement. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Institute , 1986 2. “ Guide for Fire and Explosion Investigations ,” NFPA 921, National Fire Protection Agency , 2001 3. Accident Prevention Manual for Business and Industry , National Safety Council , 1997 4. “ FARO Focus 3D X 330 HDR Specification Sheet ,” FARO Technologies, Inc...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of metal components, equipment, and structures has long been a serious safety and reliability concern for countless manufacturing, construction, and transportation industries, including automotive, aerospace, marine, power generation, chemical processing, and oil and gas. Furthermore, fatigue failures have...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... it fail because of some other application or manufacturing factor(s)? A safety factor was probably used when the drawing was created with a maximum assumed load, but if the part was loaded well above the original design load, it could have failed whether the fillet radius was correct...