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environmental resistance

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006917
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
...(ethylene-propylene) (FEP) Polychlorotrifluoroethylene (PCTFE) Perfluoroalkoxy (PFA) Poly(ethylene-tetrafluoroethylene) (ETFE) Thermoplastic polyimide (TPI) Typical relationship between property and environmental stress-cracking (ESC) resistance Table 2 Typical relationship between...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006926
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
.... , Crystallizing Crazes: Possible Source of Solvent Stress Cracking Resistance in Polyester/Polycarbonate Blend, Pt. B , J. Polym. Sci. , Vol 24 , 1986 , p 2135 10.1002/polb.1986.090240918 54. Ranby R. and Rabek J.F. , Environmental Corrosion of Polymers , The Effects of Hostile...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006909
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Moisture Conditioning Creep Rupture Environmental Stress Cracking Aqueous and Chemical Environments Polymers and composites are frequently used for their good corrosion resistance. The standard BS EN 13121-2 specifies the requirements for chemical resistance of composite materials used...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0090448
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... resin. The grease present within the housing assembly, analyzed using micro-FTIR, was composed of a hydrocarbon-based oil, a phthalate-based oil, lithium stearate, and an amide-based additive. The conclusion was that the appliance housings failed through environmental stress cracking caused...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... than impure or natural waters. The low corrosivity of high-purity water is due to its high electrical resistance and few reducible cations. Passivity Essentially, passivity refers to the loss of chemical reactivity experienced by certain metals and alloys under specific environmental conditions...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001094
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... the outer skin of a high-rise building. Fractographic and metallographic examination showed that the fractures occurred in a brittle manner from intergranular crack propagation. Laboratory and simulated environmental tests showed that an aqueous environment was necessary for the brittle fracture/cracking...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001523
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... failure; fatigue fracture; and, environmentally-assisted cracking. Testing indicated overload failure was the cause. Remedial actions were taken to improve the fracture properties of the deck socket. A modified manufacturing process was developed involving milling and cutting instead of coining to round...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and processing was required. However, with the heightened awareness of efficient design, optimized performance, economic competition, environmental impacts, safety concerns, and legal liability, current methods of materials selection are viewed more and more as a simultaneous and integral procedure of the entire...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001805
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... Nitronic 60 is a manganese austenitic stainless steel. The most significant effect of the manganese is an increase in strength [ 3 ] and galling resistance. Another advantage of Nitronic 60 is that it remains fully austenitic at high levels of cold work, reducing susceptibility to environmentally induced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... in design and processing was required. However, with the heightened awareness of efficient design, optimized performance, economic competition, environmental impacts, safety concerns, and legal liability, current methods of materials selection are viewed more and more as a simultaneous and integral part...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001592
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... a weaker resistance to corrosion affecting the rod life. Non-metallic inclusions are a pitting preferential site leading to fatigue crack initiation. Heterogeneous microstructure as banded martensite and ferrite/pearlite decreases the ductility of the material affecting the fatigue propagation resistance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006921
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Resistance of Crosslinked Polyethylene (PEX) Tubing and Systems to Hot Chlorinated Water ,” ASTM International , 2010 What Constitutes a Product Failure Aging Mechanisms in Polymeric Materials Requirements of Service Lifetime Assessment Models Fatigue Environmental Stress Cracking...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001344
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... between the tubes, use a post-weld heat treatment to relieve residual welding stress or select a more stress-corrosion cracking resistant alloy for this particular application. Reference Reference 1. Dillon C.R. and McIntyre D.R. , MTI Publication No. 15: Guidelines for Preventing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... oxidation, carburization, metal dusting, nitridation, carbonitridation, sulfidation, and chloridation. Several other potential degradation processes, namely hot corrosion, hydrogen interactions, molten salts, aging, molten sand, erosion-corrosion, and environmental cracking, are discussed under boiler tube...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Chloridation Hydrogen interactions Molten metals Molten salts Aging reactions, such as sensitization Environmental cracking (stress-corrosion cracking and corrosion fatigue) The presence of molten salts or metals may induce other mechanisms, such as galvanic corrosion, crevice corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006925
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Molecular weight Molecular-weight distribution Environmental stress-cracking resistance Decreases Increases Broadens Impact strength Decreases Increases Narrows Stiffness Increases … … Hardness Increases … … Tensile strength Increases … … Permeation Decreases...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006871
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
...Average environmental parameters of the reference locations Phoenix, Arizona and Miami, Florida: 2004–2013 Table 1 Average environmental parameters of the reference locations Phoenix, Arizona and Miami, Florida: 2004–2013 Environmental data H total (295–2450 nm) H UV (295–385 nm) T...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006912
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Environmental Conditions of Use Thermal Properties Ultraviolet, Infrared, X-Ray, Gamma, and Electron Beam Radiation Chemical Resistance Dynamic Loading Fatigue and Cyclic Loading Electrical Insulation Long-Term Property Requirements Creep Material Properties Design Considerations...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001614
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... Abstract The damage to a screw on the head of a 1.8 liter personal car engine was nucleated as the result of common disadvantageous environmental influences and reversed loads leading to corrosion fatigue. Automotive Screw steel Fatigue fracture Corrosion fatigue The seal coupling...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006922
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
.... 2 ). Transparency (in most cases) Toughness and impact resistance Not as prone to oxidation Lower shrinkage during molding Large softening range—key for thermoforming Lower chemical attack resistance Lower environmental stress crack resistance High viscosity—more difficult...