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environmental hazards

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and processing was required. However, with the heightened awareness of efficient design, optimized performance, economic competition, environmental impacts, safety concerns, and legal liability, current methods of materials selection are viewed more and more as a simultaneous and integral procedure of the entire...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... in design and processing was required. However, with the heightened awareness of efficient design, optimized performance, economic competition, environmental impacts, safety concerns, and legal liability, current methods of materials selection are viewed more and more as a simultaneous and integral part...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... susceptibility to brittle fracture. A change in process operating conditions increases the possibility of low metal temperatures. The equipment is being refurbished, repurposed, repaired, or altered. A process hazard assessment or hazard and operability analysis indicates the possibility of process...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627081801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... modulus or modulus of elasticity; energy E elastic or storage modulus E viscous or loss modulus EAC environmentally assisted cracking EBSP electron backscattered pattern ECT equicohesive temperature EDM electric discharge machining EDS energy dispersive spectroscopy EDX energy-dispersive x-ray (analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... be considered throughout the design process, not just at the end. Specific guidelines for safety should be addressed during the embodiment design, such as the safety hierarchy ( Ref 8 ). Techniques such as safe-life design, fail-safe design, redundant design, and hazard analysis ( Ref 3 , 7 ) must...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003502
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...-life design, fail-safe design, redundant design, and hazard analysis ( Ref 4 , 5 ) must be considered as integral parts of the product development, and not simply as “add-ons” at the end of the project. Safety considerations and hazard analysis in design are discussed further in the articles “Safety...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006938
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Failure to Capture User Behavior Example 4 Failure to Translate User Behavior into Performance Requirements Design Tools Environment of Use Example 3 User Studies Stress Analysis Chemical/Environmental Degradation Failure to Capture the Real Behavior of Materials Viscoelastic...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003523
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... be obtained prior to, during, or after the scene investigation and may include: Type of accident Time and date Location Weather/environmental conditions Eyewitnesses/personnel present in accident vicinity Type of equipment involved Equipment settings Equipment/scene condition...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.../environmental conditions Eyewitnesses/personnel present in accident vicinity Type of equipment involved Equipment settings Equipment/scene condition Electronic data from monitoring devices (surveillance video, event data recorders, etc.) Other The type and amount of factual information...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... work while retaining its original focus on equipment safety and reliability. For example, they added environmental issues to the safety issues in the decision-making process, clarified the ways in which equipment functions should be defined, developed more precise rules for selecting maintenance tasks...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... to Britain where they expanded their activities to cover the application of RCM in nearly every industrial sector, spanning more than 40 countries. They built on Nowlan’s work while retaining its original focus on equipment safety and reliability. For example, they added environmental issues to the safety...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003503
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... consideration of the valve materials would eliminate this failure mode. (At least it would eliminate this cause of the failure mode; there could be other causes.) An analysis of the pilot light would reveal the hazard if it fails (i.e., it is not lit) and the gas is on. This failure mode cannot readily...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... presented. degradation mechanisms failure analysis hydrogen cracking pipeline flaws steel transmission pipelines HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, such as liquid petroleum products and natural gas, are typically transported via truck, rail, sea, and/or pipeline. Of these different transportation modes...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... judgment. Latent roots lead us to the causes of the human error and include roots that are organizational or procedural in nature, as well as environmental or other roots that are outside the realm of control. These levels or root cause are best defined by the two examples in Table 2 . Examples of root...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001536
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... can pose a significant health hazard if ingested, components with significant alpha contamination require remote handling in a glove-box or hot cell. Fortunately, such components are seldom encountered in nuclear power plant failure analyses. 3. Component Decontamination Because the radioactive...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006922
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... low and should not be an issue for a properly molded semicrystalline plastic. The temperature demands are low; thus, a highly engineered thermoplastic or thermoset is not required but could be an option if environmental demands change. Three materials that remain after the funneling process...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006912
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
..., environmental conditions of use, and performance requirements. It discusses physical properties of plastics based on their relevance to real-world environmental conditions. The most-common design problems related to design considerations are also covered. Brief Historical Overview Product Specifications...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... to plant personnel, reducing environmental discharges, and reducing costs associated with equipment downtime and loss of production. Conducting failure analyses can help companies meet industry and regulatory code and standard requirements, including Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA...