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environmental corrosion resistance

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... than impure or natural waters. The low corrosivity of high-purity water is due to its high electrical resistance and few reducible cations. Passivity Essentially, passivity refers to the loss of chemical reactivity experienced by certain metals and alloys under specific environmental conditions...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001592
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... a weaker resistance to corrosion affecting the rod life. Non-metallic inclusions are a pitting preferential site leading to fatigue crack initiation. Heterogeneous microstructure as banded martensite and ferrite/pearlite decreases the ductility of the material affecting the fatigue propagation resistance...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001805
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
..., reducing susceptibility to environmentally induced cracking, such as HE or SCC. Austenitic stainless steels (e.g., 304 and 316) are generally regarded as having superior corrosion resistance to martensitic grades (i.e., 420) [ 4 ]. Trade literature indicates that the general corrosion resistance...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Chloridation Hydrogen interactions Molten metals Molten salts Aging reactions, such as sensitization Environmental cracking (stress-corrosion cracking and corrosion fatigue) The presence of molten salts or metals may induce other mechanisms, such as galvanic corrosion, crevice corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... oxidation, carburization, metal dusting, nitridation, carbonitridation, sulfidation, and chloridation. Several other potential degradation processes, namely hot corrosion, hydrogen interactions, molten salts, aging, molten sand, erosion-corrosion, and environmental cracking, are discussed under boiler tube...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001344
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... contamination. Additional recommendations were to eliminate these short longitudinal weld joints by using a bracket assembly joint between the tubes, use a post-weld heat treatment to relieve residual welding stress or select a more stress-corrosion cracking resistant alloy for this particular application...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001614
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... Abstract The damage to a screw on the head of a 1.8 liter personal car engine was nucleated as the result of common disadvantageous environmental influences and reversed loads leading to corrosion fatigue. Automotive Screw steel Fatigue fracture Corrosion fatigue The seal coupling...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001094
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... were held in place by interior structural steel frames. The cadmium-coated type 410 screws were introduced by the manufacturer as replacements for conventional case-hardened carbon steel screws that conform to SAE J78. Use of stainless steel was thought to improve the corrosion resistance of the screws...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... inhibitors degradation environmentally assisted cracking failure analysis heat exchangers inspection iron lubricants microbially induced corrosion piping sampling steel tanks MICROORGANISMS can directly or indirectly affect the integrity of many materials used in industrial systems. Most...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001523
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... from the tip of the cloverleaf pattern in >300 cases aboard several cargo vessels in various stages of construction. Consultants who analyzed the situation concluded that the problem may have been corrosion and hydrogen embrittlement. Three possible mechanisms of failure were considered: overload...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... Terminology and Background Environmentally induced cracking (EIC) is the term used to describe those forms of corrosion for which the physical manifestation of corrosion is cracking. (Environmentally induced cracking is also known as environmentally assisted cracking and environmental cracking...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006926
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
.... and Rabek J.F. , Environmental Corrosion of Polymers , The Effects of Hostile Environments on Coatings and Plastics , Garner D.P. and Stahl G.A. , Ed., American Chemical Society Symposium , Series 229 , 1983 10.1021/bk-1983-0229.ch017 Selected References Selected References...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... are anodic to the main body of the metal and therefore less resistant to corrosion because of precipitated phases, depletion, enrichment, or adsorption. In wrought high-strength heat treatable aluminum alloys, paths of stress-corrosion cracks are always intergranular, because the thermal treatments...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006909
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
...., alkalis and acids), ionizing radiation, and biological degradation, along with the combined effects of mechanical stress, temperature, and moisture (including environmental stress corrosion). The article also includes information on the use of accelerated testing for predicting material property...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001718
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... severe form of erosion corrosion. Cavitation damage to the protective oxide film caused the zirconium to lose its normally outstanding corrosion resistance. The root cause of the impeller failure is most likely the introduction of excessive air into the pump due to low liquid level, a bad seal...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003540
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... by a variety of environmental conditions, such as hydrogen embrittlement, SCC, and corrosion. If the process occurs by oxidation or dissolution, it is corrosion. If the cracking is exacerbated by corrosion and the simultaneous presence of an applied or residual tensile stress, then it is regarded as SCC. Other...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of environmental conditions, such as hydrogen embrittlement, stress-corrosion cracking (SCC), and corrosion. If the process occurs by oxidation or dissolution, it is corrosion. If the cracking is exacerbated by corrosion and the simultaneous presence of an applied or residual tensile stress, then it is regarded...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article focuses on the corrosion-wear synergism in aqueous slurry and grinding environments. It describes the effects of environmental factors on corrosive wear and provides information on the impact and three-body abrasive-corrosive wear. The article also discusses the various...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001372
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... in martensitic stainless steels is improper heat treatment. It is well known that tempering of martensitic stainless steels in the range of 370 to 565 °C (700 to 1050 °F) results in low impact properties and poor resistance to corrosion and stress corrosion ( Ref 2 ). Low Izod impact values (9.5 to 15 J, or 7...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... opportunities to improve operating processes and procedures related to the management of system integrity. Industry experience with corrosion-resistant alloys of steel, copper, and aluminum is reviewed. The article ends with a discussion on monitoring and preventing microbiologically influenced corrosion...