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environment-sensitive fracture

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... that the fracture was caused by intergranular corrosion/stress-corrosion cracks that initiated from the external surface of the pipe reducer section. Contributory factors were the sensitized condition of the flange and the concentration of corrosive elements from the bleach stock plant environment on the external...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c9001579
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
...Abstract Abstract Stainless steel is frequently used for bone fracture fixation in spite of its sensitivity to pitting and cracking in chloride containing environments (such as organic fluids) and its susceptibility to fatigue and corrosion fatigue. A 316L stainless steel plate implant used...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001770
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... is not found in all environments; especially in marine environments which are well known to induce serious stress corrosion cracking (SCC) problems due to the presence of chloride ions [ 2 – 4 ]. Stress corrosion cracking is a form of environmentally assisted cracking (EAC) that is of great significance...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001348
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... in a sensitized HAZ due to chloride from the environment. Use of low-carbon type AISI 304L was recommended. Minimization of fit-up stresses and covering with polyethylene sheets during storage were also suggested. Heat-affected zone Marine environments Nuclear reactor components Sensitizing Storage...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of environmentally induced cracking, this article deals only with SCC of metallic components. It begins by presenting terminology and background of SCC. Then, the general characteristics of SCC and the development of conditions for SCC as well as the stages of SCC are covered. The article provides a brief overview...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in connection with failure by mechanical-environmental processes is the combined effect of stress raisers and environment. Stress Concentrations Stress concentrations are frequently introduced in service by damage from accidental mechanical impact or local electrical arcing. Stress raisers or notches...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... the formation of polythionic acid in the process gas. ring type pipe joint fracture polythionic acid stainless steel transgranular fracture fractography creep strength 347 (austenitic wrought stainless steel) UNS S34700 321 (austenitic wrought stainless steel) UNS S32100 Introduction...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001561
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... from those reported by GPU, specifically in the carbon and chromium contents of the weldment. The disparities could have been caused by the difference in the testing methods used or possible constituent segregation in the material. In order to investigate further the environmental conditions under...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... at a corrosion pit and that the fracture surfaces had beach marks characteristic of fatigue fracture. Propagation may have been assisted by the corrosive environment, but fracture did not appear to have occurred by a stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) mechanism. Hardness Several microhardness measurements...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003540
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... metallurgical or environmental factors that cause a weakening of the grain boundaries and, in turn, influence the occurrence of intergranular (IG) fractures. It discusses the mechanisms of IG fractures, including the dimpled IG fracture, the IG brittle fracture, and the IG fatigue fracture. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... ): Environmentally assisted fracture may be fracture at elevated temperature, but it could also include interaction of the material with the environment. This would include hydrogen embrittlement, liquid metal embrittlement, solid metal embrittlement, oxidation or reduction potentially in the grain boundaries...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... that represent the crack growth over some period of time. Different coloration of adjacent beach marks is typically due to changes in loading or environmental factors. In the SEM at sufficiently high magnification, fatigue striations can be detected in many materials but not all ( Fig. 8 ). In hardened steel...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... preparation (mill scale, coatings surface finish, etc.), environmental composition (trace contaminants, dissolved gases, etc.), temperature, flow rate, solution concentration, and degree of agitation or aeration. In addition, corrosion product films and other changes in surface composition can also occur...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... the potential must be addressed. This includes material composition, heat treatment, surface preparation (mill scale, coatings, surface finish, etc.), environmental composition (trace contaminants, dissolved gases, etc.), temperature, flow rate, solution concentration, and degree of agitation or aeration...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... points, to determine the size of the fatigue crack, and to correlate the fracture-surface characteristics with the part size and shape as well as with the loading and environmental conditions. Fig. 19 Macroscopic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... , Brussels ( 1971 ) 14. Lynch S.P. : Metallographic and Fractographic Aspects of Liquid-Metal Embrittlement . In: Louthan M.R., Jr. , McNitt R.P. , Sisson R.D. Jr . (eds.) Environmental Degradation of Materials in Aggressive Environments , pp. 229 – 244 . Virginia...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c9001568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
.... 4 Intergranular corrosion in the CF8M suction roll. Magnification 100× The roll failures were attributed to chromium depletion along the grain boundaries (sensitization) resulting from slow cooling of the casting to avoid large residual stresses. The service environment consisted of acidic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001377
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... as the operating transgranular fracture failure mechanism. Water containing H7S was subsequently identified as the aggressive environment that precipitated the fractures in the presence of high tensile stress. This environment was generated by the chemical breakdown of the engine oil additive and moisture ingress...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001536
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... T.U. and Jones R.L. , in Proc. Fifth Int. Symp. on Environmental Degradation of Materials in Nuclear Power Reactors—Water Reactors, American Nuclear Society , 1992 , p 3 – 9 9. Cowan R.L. , Lin C.C. , Marble W.J. , and Ruiz C.P. , in Proc. Fifth Int. Symp...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001528
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... steels is normally associated with aqueous chloride environments. Fig. 4 SEM photomicrograph showing stress corrosion cracking facets, step-like features analogous to cleavage facets, on the tank fracture surface. (1500×) EDS elemental chemical analysis ( Fig. 5 ) of the uncleaned fracture...