1-20 of 115 Search Results for

energy transfer

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001530
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... measurement. The worn surfaces of samples and the wear debris were examined by light optical microscope, SEM, and energy-dispersive x-ray microanalyzer. It was found that the laboratory pin-on-disk wear data correlated well with the plant experience. It is suggested that the higher lead content ~18...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001638
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
...Abstract Abstract An Incoloy 800H (UNS N08810) transfer line on the outlet of an ethane-cracking furnace failed during decoking of the furnace tubes after nine years in service. A metallographic examination using optical and scanning electron microscopy as well as energy-dispersive x-ray...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003571
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... points due to sliding. The interfacial wear is defined as the removal of the material due to interfacial friction energy dissipation between asperities leading to events such as material softening, transfer wear, and chemical wear. A schematic of the processes involved in the interfacial wear is shown...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... to the transfer of energy from the argon atoms results in limited chemical-state information during profiling. This is especially true in polymer depth profiling, where the chemical makeup of organics quickly degrades during monatomic ion bombardment. The addition of the inert gas cluster ion beam to XPS...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... 4. Pozzo R.L. and Iwasaki I. , Pyrite-Pyrrhotite Grinding Media Interactions and Their Effects on Media Wear and Flotation , J. Electrochem. Soc. , Vol 136 ( No. 6 ), 1989 , p 1734 – 1740 10.1149/1.2097001 5. National Materials Advisory Board, “Comminution and Energy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... 23 Schematic of FZG back-to-back gear scuffing test setup. Source: Ref 135 Fig. 1 Steps leading to adhesive wear. (a) Microjoints. (b) Deformation of asperities and removal of surface films. (c) Shearing and material transfer. Source: Ref 15 Fig. 2 Example of adhesive wear...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001061
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract Schedule 80 low-carbon steel pipes used to transfer kraft liquor in a Kamyr continuous pulp digester failed within 18 months after installation. Visual and metallographic examinations established that the cracking initiated on the internal surfaces of the equalizer pipes...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003565
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Impact wear coefficient values Table 1 Impact wear coefficient values Reference Surface measured Impact energy, kgf · mm No. of impacts Lubrication Impact wear coefficient, K Ref 13 Copper (hard) 2 1 N 53 × 10 −6 Steel 20 1 N 67 × 10 −6 Steel 20 1 Y 10...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001754
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... confirmed and further resolved the visual findings of spalling and smearing. Surface scans via an energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS) provided the most important evidence, revealing traces of Titanium-based transferred material immediately adjacent to the initiation of a spall. Titanium is an element...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003534
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...: EDS, energy-dispersive spectroscopy; WDS, wavelength-dispersive spectroscopy; AES, Auger electron spectroscopy; XPS, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy; TOF-SIMS, time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry; FTIR, Fourier transform infrared (spectroscopy) Auger electron spectroscopy atomic...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003572
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... J.N. , and Sharma I. , Studies on Abrasive Wear of Carbon Fiber (Short) Reinforced Polyamide Composites , Tribol. Int. , Vol 25 , 1992 , p 53 – 60 10.1016/0301-679X(92)90121-3 20. Giltrow J.P. , A Relationship Between Abrasive Wear and the Cohesive Energy of Materials...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... , Butterworth Heinemann , Boston , 2001 15. Montgomery R.S. , The Mechanism of Percussive Wear of Tungsten Carbide Composites , Wear , Vol 12 , 1968 , p 309 – 329 10.1016/0043-1648(68)90535-8 16. Rabinowicz E. , Metal Transfer during Static Loading and Impacting , Proc. Phys...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract A type 316 stainless steel pipe reducer section failed in service of bleached pulp stock transfer within 2 years in a pulp and paper mill. The reducer section fractured in the heat-affected zone of the flange-to-pipe weld on the flange side. The pipe reducer section consisted...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of failure, local stress concentration as a result of geometry restrictions, and weld defects. This particular section was responsible for the load transfer between the front tie member and the boom extremity, and its failure was the main cause of the catastrophic failure of the equipment. welded...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... across heavily worked areas. End grains should not be left exposed. RD, rolling direction. (d) Galvanic corrosion is possible if a coated component is cut. When necessary, the cathodic component of a couple should be coated. (e) Ion transfer through a fluid can result in galvanic attack of less noble...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001616
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... sites for local pitting bursting. Nonuniform heat transfer in Stage 3 operation accelerated the selective corrosion of front-end tubes. The relatively high heat transfer in this stage resulted in condensation of some corrosive gases and consequent corrosion. Continuous operation of the plant with some...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003533
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... on the sample is transferred to the viewing screen to produce magnification Fig. 3 Illustration showing how depth of focus is dependent on specimen pixel size and aperture size Fig. 4 Emission of (a) secondary electrons as a function of angle of incidence and (b) backscattered electrons...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006769
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... a square raster on the sample is transferred to the viewing screen to produce magnification Fig. 3 Illustration showing how depth of focus is dependent on specimen pixel size and aperture size Fig. 4 Emission of (a) secondary electrons as a function of angle of incidence and (b...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
.... The subject service failures occurred in boiler desuperheaters in five modern Naval power plants of compact construction and having therefore high fluxes through heat-transfer surfaces. These desuperheaters consist of steel tubing submerged in the water of the steam drum. Superheated steam, at 950 F in most...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0089676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
...Abstract Abstract Chain link, a part of a mechanism for transferring hot or cold steel blooms into and out of a reheating furnace, broke after approximately four months of service. The link was cast from 2% Cr austenitic manganese steel and was subjected to repeated heating to temperatures...