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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0048674
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... to clamp onto the framework prior to springback. The heat treatment cycle of the fasteners consisted of austenitizing, quenching, tempering to obtain a tempered martensite microstructure, acid cleaning, zinc electroplating, coating with a clear dichromate and thereafter baking to remove the nascent...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0048634
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
..., indicating hydrogen embrittlement. An investigation was conducted to determine the extent of hydrogen embrittlement in the various lots of cadmium-plated 8740 steel fasteners. It was found that hydrogen embrittlement was caused by the use of a bright, impervious cadmium electroplate that hindered diffusion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0091036
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... Abstract Socket head cap screws used in a naval application were failing in service due to delayed fracture. The standard ASTM A 574 screws were zinc plated and dichromate coated. Investigation (visual inspection, 1187 SEM images, chemical analysis, and tension testing) of both the failed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001613
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Abstract The electroplated tappet adjusting screws used in diesel engines failed during initial bend testing. The analysis of the failure showed that the fracture was nucleated from the subsurface of the screw. The fracture surface was intergranular at the ID and OD region and microvoid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006805
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... composites Fastener type Fastener material Surface coating Suggested application Epoxy/graphite composite Kevlar (DuPont) Fiberglass Honeycomb Blind rivets (a) 5056 aluminum None Not recommended (b) Excellent (b) Excellent (b) (c) Monel None Good (b...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...-corrosion cracking, hydrogen embrittlement, and liquid-metal embrittlement of bolts and nuts. The article explains the most commonly used protective metal coatings for ferrous metal fasteners. Zinc, cadmium, and aluminum are commonly used for such coatings. The article also illustrates the performance...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in the environment; change in the alloy or heat treatment; change in design; use of galvanic protection; use of inhibitors; use of nonmetallic coatings and liners; application of metallic coatings; use of surface treatments, thermal spray, or other surface modifications; corrosion monitoring; and preventive...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
..., it was specified that the wrap-around or edge terminations were to be coated with a nickel barrier layer (electroplated) and finished with electroplated tin deposit for solderability ( Fig. 1 ). Termination/carrier strip attachment was reportedly performed in a belt furnace. The carrier strip was stamped from...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001907
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... the plating process (in the case that the parts were electroplated rather than vacuum coated). The bolts were loaded to 80% of the UTS and sustained for 200 h. No failures occurred as a result of this testing. Also, ARL examined a number of bolts from different manufacturing lots for carburization and grain...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001094
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... examined. The cadmium coating was mechanically applied to the screws ( Fig. 4 ) to avoid the possibility of hydrogen embrittlement from cadmium electroplating. The screws were subjected to retorquing tests within 2 weeks after installation. Several screws fractured in a brittle manner, substantially...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0006448
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... it is possible to crack hardened type 440C during the chromium plating process. An inspection for pitting on the bearing inner diam was also recommended. It was suggested that electroless nickel be used as a coating for the entire bearing. A review of the chromium plating and baking sequence was recommended also...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001102
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
..., coatings Electroplates Steam electric power generation Steam pipes Steam turbines Turbogenerators ASTM A193 grade B Surface treatment related failures Liquid metal induced embrittlement Handbook of Case Histories in Failure Analysis, Volume 1 Copyright © 1992 ASM International® K.A. Esaklul...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001291
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
.... , Intergranular Fracture , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 641 – 649 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003540 How Failure Could Have Been Prevented Crack Origins/Paths Chemical Analysis/Identification Material Coatings or Surface Layers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... in many metals and is readily available during the production, processing, and service of metals from operations such as: Refining (precipitates upon solidification from supersaturated concentrations) Acid cleaning (pickling) Electroplating Contact with water or other hydrogen-containing...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of metals from operations such as: Refining (precipitates upon solidification from supersaturated concentrations) Acid cleaning (pickling) Electroplating Contact with water or other hydrogen-containing liquids or gases Depending on the type of hydrogen-metal interaction, hydrogen damage...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... weeks after being loaded. Because of this characteristic, hydrogen embrittlement is sometimes called hydrogen-induced delayed failure. Electroplating is a common cause of hydrogen embrittlement in bolts and screws, because hydrogen is evolved (or liberated) during the process. The screws had been...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... been dissolved. Iron is nearly inert in air-free water and seawater, because there is limited cathodic reaction possible. If the surface of the metal is coated with paint or other nonconducting film, the rates of both anodic and cathodic reactions are greatly reduced, and corrosion will be retarded...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... individually before selection of materials for springs or of suitable protective coatings. Common Failure Mechanisms Fatigue is the most common mechanism of failure in springs, as demonstrated by the examples in this article. Any of the causes noted in the section “Common Causes of Failures...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
..., galvanically-compatible fasteners and appropriately-applied and treated compatible coatings. Selected References Selected References • Forms of Corrosion , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 761 – 795 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Some sources of embrittling metal environments in industry Table 1 Some sources of embrittling metal environments in industry Coatings, e.g., Cd, Zn on steels, inadvertently exposed to high temperatures Solders, Brazes, and Galvanizing baths (if applied/residual stresses are high...