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electromagnetic method

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c9001622
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... were analyzed further by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). This method typically covers an analysis depth of 10 µm. It is based on the physical characteristic that most organic and some inorganic substances absorb electromagnetic radiation in the infrared (IR) region. Vibrational states...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... by eddy current method . J. Am. Sci. 4 ( 4 ), 1 – 6 ( 2008 ) 4. Barac D. , Katcher W. , Soules J. : Advances in eddy current measurement of residual stress . In: 7th International Conference on Shot Peening , pp. 326 – 335 . The Institute of Precision Mechanics , Warsaw...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... materials that conduct electricity. Eddy-current examination is based on the principles of electromagnetic induction and is used to identify or differentiate among a wide variety of physical, structural, and metallurgical conditions in electrically conductive metals and metal parts. The eddy-current method...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001798
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... encapsulants Fig. 2 Fault tree for failure of epoxy resin encapsulant Fig. 1 Curing mechanism of epoxy resin with anhydride as curing agent Abstract The crosslinked epoxy resin encapsulant protecting an electromagnetic valve coil failed during long-term storage and was examined...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001527
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... confounds most inspection methods, requiring the rope to be addressed as a whole construction. The most prevalent NDE methods are electromagnetic, magnetic flux, and magnetic flux leakage for steel ropes. These methods can detect loss of cross-sectional area caused by corrosion or degradation, and some...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of PT method can be used. Surface roughness may also affect other NDE methods that require contact with the part such as UT, ET and MT. Material properties such as electromagnetic characteristics are also important to determine if MT and ET are potential NDE options. For example, MT is useful...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006945
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... energy dispersive spectroscopy electromagnetic interferences epoxy ethylene propylene ethylene propylene diene rubber ethylene propylene rubber environmental stress cracking electron spin resonance essential work of fracture Food and Drug Administration nite element analysis nite element method...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006931
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
...; PVC, polyvinyl chloride; PA, polyamide; PI, polyimide; PET, polyethylene terephthalate. Dacron, E.I. DuPont de Nemours & Co. Practical information derived from polymer analysis methods Table 2 Practical information derived from polymer analysis methods Test method Property...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006913
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... method designation units ASTM D495 equivalent s/10 113; VDE drops, 0.9 kV, Nekal ASTM D2132 standard dust-fog, h, 1.5 kV Linearly accelerated dust-fog, h, 1.5 kV Differential wet track, W·min Inclined plane I, V, kV Inclined plane II, h, 2.5 kV Polyvinyl chloride 0.5 Tr … 0.5 Tr 0.5 Tr...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003515
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... (PFA). The article describes the damage tolerance approach to life management of cyclic-limited engine components and lists the commonly used nondestructive evaluation methods. It concludes with an illustration on the role of NDE, as quantified by POD, in fully probabilistic life management...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003533
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... by the electron gun and focused and controlled by a series of electromagnetic lenses and coils. The resultant beam is collimated and defined by various apertures placed in the beam path. Fig. 1 Schematic showing the general layout of a typical scanning electron microscope The electron gun consists...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006769
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... A schematic of a typical thermionic SEM column is shown in Fig. 1 . Electrons are generated by the electron gun, then are focused and controlled by a series of electromagnetic lenses and coils. The resultant beam is collimated and defined by various apertures placed in the beam path. Fig. 1 Schematic...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... method of illumination. Figure 9 shows a view of the fracture surface of a tensile test specimen from a cast steel that has suffered embrittlement, resulting in a “rock candy” fracture. Fig. 9 Low-power light microscope view of a “rock candy” fracture in a tensile specimen taken from a cast...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... often results in a suppression of the surface features that are desired. Flexible fiber-optic lighting is often the most appropriate method of illumination. Figure 9 shows a view of the fracture surface of a tensile test specimen from a cast steel that has suffered embrittlement, resulting in a “rock...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of electromagnetic inspection include: Depth of penetration is shallow. Materials to be inspected must be electrically conductive. Indications are influenced by more than one variable. Reference standards are required. Residual Stress Analysis X-ray diffraction is the most common method...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006933
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
...Practical information derived from polymer analysis methods Table 1 Practical information derived from polymer analysis methods Test method Properties measured Use in polymer failure analysis Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) Molecular bond structure Material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006912
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Electromagnetic spectrum. Courtesy of Nasky/Shutterstock. Royalty-free stock vector ID: 1255179580 Fig. 6 Computer simulation of a weighted glass-reinforced polycarbonate chassis being dropped onto a concrete floor Fig. 7 Drop test evaluating an acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene 3D-printed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... almost invariably originate at the surface, because the tests to be described, whilst capable of revealing clearly cracks communicating with a free surface, are unsuitable or are not to be relied upon implicitly for detecting any beneath the surface. Magnetic ParticleMethod This method of crack...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... the electrochemical nature of corrosion and provides the typical analysis of environmental- and corrosion-related failures. It presents common methods of testing of laboratory corrosion and discusses the processes involved in the prevention of environmental- and corrosion-related failures of metals and nonmetals...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627082952
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2