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electromagnetic forming

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c9001622
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... part history, and the results of other analysis techniques, if they are available. One of the big advantages to SEM/EDS is the relatively easily obtainable vacuum requirements, where the proper vacuum levels can be achieved within a few minutes. Fig. 1 Coin exhibiting a stain in the form...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001798
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Abstract The crosslinked epoxy resin encapsulant protecting an electromagnetic valve coil failed during long-term storage and was examined to determine the cause. The investigation included fault-tree analysis, FTIR and EDX spectroscopy, and differential scanning calorimetry...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006945
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... energy dispersive spectroscopy electromagnetic interferences epoxy ethylene propylene ethylene propylene diene rubber ethylene propylene rubber environmental stress cracking electron spin resonance essential work of fracture Food and Drug Administration nite element analysis nite element method...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... observed in the material Characterization by Eddy Current Method Eddy current testing is based on the principles of electromagnetic induction and is sensitive to the electrical conductivity and magnetic permeability of conductive materials. Eddy current evaluation technique can be applied on both...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...-transmission two sides or reflection mode single side. Good sensitivity in acoustically clear material All metals and alloys, sintered carbides, glass and ceramics, rubber, structural plastics, concrete Electromagnetic testing Measures impedance of coil close to conductive material. Coil impedance changes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006927
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... general design rules for the plastic forming processes covered. It also discusses the steps involved in design validation and verification. plastic design plastic forming tooling DESIGN of a plastic part needing to be formed must consider the material, the process, and the tooling...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003565
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... be entirely made up of material transferred from the second body. Subsurface regions form on both impacting bodies and grow very quickly, within a few hundred impacts ( Ref 8 ). Once formed, the white layer and the deformation zone maintain a steady-state configuration as more impacts occur...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003533
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... by the electron gun and focused and controlled by a series of electromagnetic lenses and coils. The resultant beam is collimated and defined by various apertures placed in the beam path. Fig. 1 Schematic showing the general layout of a typical scanning electron microscope The electron gun consists...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006769
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... A schematic of a typical thermionic SEM column is shown in Fig. 1 . Electrons are generated by the electron gun, then are focused and controlled by a series of electromagnetic lenses and coils. The resultant beam is collimated and defined by various apertures placed in the beam path. Fig. 1 Schematic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... of changes of form that gave rise to stress concentrations. The “fatigue” aspect of design became of increasing importance with the arrival of the high speed steam and, later, the internal combustion engine because of the need to reduce the scantlings in order to minimise both inertia effects and total...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of a third-body material. This may be in the form of a lubricant applied to help mitigate a wear or friction problem ( Ref 4 ), or in the form of wear debris, or something there naturally as part of the operating environment, such as sand ( Ref 5 , 6 ). Impact Wear of Metals Deformation during Impact...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001527
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
.... For enhanced corrosion resistance, wire rope is available in a galvanized form, but with a 10% reduction in mechanical strength from identically sized “bright” (non-plated) carbon steel rope, unless it is drawn after galvanizing. Austenitic stainless steel grades are available for more severe environments...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006913
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... by laboratories is the ASTM D3755 ( Ref 4 ). For DC applications, this approach is intended for use as a control and acceptance test. It can also be used to partly test materials for specific end uses and to identify changes in a material due to particular forms of degradation. Experience indicates...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... it is desirable to examine the nuts and other associated parts that may have contributed to the failures. Also, in failures involving corrosion, stress-corrosion, or corrosion fatigue, a sample of the fluid that has been in contact with the metal, or of any deposits that have formed, will often be required...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... MANUFACTURING (AM) refers to a group of free-form fabrication technologies that incrementally build up a solid part by computer-controlled deposition of material from a digital solid model. The technology is an outgrowth and broadening of rapid prototyping methods that were developed in the 1980s to accelerate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006925
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... AN ENGINEERING PLASTIC is defined as a synthetic polymer with mechanical properties that enable its use in the form of a load-bearing shape. Polymers, which constitute the major portion of an engineering plastic, are made up of extremely large molecules formed from polymerization of different monomers...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003526
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., displacements, temperatures, vibrations, and other service-related factors that the part experiences. It may also include numerous analytical, classical, and computer techniques that are available to assist in a structural design failure analysis. A traditional closed-form analytical technique such as beam...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006773
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... to assist in a structural design failure analysis. A traditional closed-form analytical technique, such as beam analysis or plate theory, provides a simple and quick way to estimate stresses and deformations in structures and components. It is usually the first technique in both the design of a component...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... It presents the international classification of common casting defects in a tabular form. austenitic steels cast aluminum alloys cast iron casting casting defects casting design castings centrifugal casting corrosion-resistant castings discontinuities ductile iron gravity die casting gray...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... They are all customer focused and are founded on problem solving as a means for improvement. When addressing customer focus, producers and other organizations have identified that the form, fit, function, and service-life requirements of a product or system are actually defined ultimately by customers...