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electrical arcing

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... examinations determined that the fractures stemmed from electric arc damage. Intergranular quench cracks in the transformed untempered martensite on the surface of the spring provided crack initiations that propagated during operation causing fatigue fracture. torsion springs fracture electrical arcing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0091345
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
...Abstract Abstract Beveled weld-joint V-sections were fabricated to connect inlet and outlet sections of tubes in a type 347 stainless steel heat exchanger for a nitric acid concentrator. Each V-section was permanently marked with the tube numbers by a small electric-arc pencil. After one to two...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... with this type of wiring. All doors, panels and similar portions of electrical boxes should be secured to prevent damage to surroundings in the event of an electrical fault. If symptoms of arcing are observed, professional service should be sought. The latest designs of connectors for use with aluminum wiring...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001900
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
...Abstract Abstract Incorrect grounding of an electric motor resulted in electric current passing through a 52100 steel ball bearing and caused multiple arcing between the rolling elements. The multiple arcing developed a pattern on the outer race known as ‘fluting’. A section of ball race outer...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c0046238
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
... melting of metal, had occurred. Such local areas of overheating, or burning, are attributable to electric-arc burning. The thermal stresses accompanying the burning caused the circular cracks that nucleated fracture. A section was taken through the cracked areas in an unused pin for metallographic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046535
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
.... Lengths of pipe were joined by shielded metal arc welding. Soundness of the welded joints was determined by water back-pressure testing after several lengths of pipe had been installed and joined. Before completion of the pipeline, a pressure drop was observed during back-pressure testing. An extreme...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0048143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... was concluded to be the reason of the fatigue failure. Rack plating or barrels with fixed button contacts at many points instead of dangler-type contacts were recommended to avoid hard spots. Cadmium plating Cylinders Electric arcs Pneumatic devices Spring steel Surface treatment related failures...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001024
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... material—a lightning strike or electrical arcs. The latter was deemed possible: a search of the maintenance records had revealed that the fiberglass pocket at this location had recently been replaced. Replacement of a pocket requires curing of the epoxy bond with a contact electrical heater...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... ). Fig. 7 Crack and precipitates at primary grain boundaries. Unetched longitudinal section. 100 × Fig. 8 Grain boundary precipitates in polarized light. Longitudinal section. 1200 × The melting of the steel in the basic electric arc furnace with a high content of dissociated nitrogen...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... was that, at the moment of rupture, an electric arc was established between the separating steel ends. This would account for the loss of material by meltdown, as well as for the metal droplets on the fracture surface of the steel wire. The sequence of fine pearlite/martensite to degenerate pearlite to original...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... demonstrated similar features, illustrated in Fig. 2 and 3 , including witness marks, discoloration, mechanical deformation, charring, and secondary cracking, along with crack networks. Charring likely occurred as a result of electrical arcing during failure of the transformers. Examination of the bracket...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0091394
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... of the pit is at the bottom of the pipe in the center of a long straight horizontal pipe run. The pipe was butt welded by electric arc processes at some joints and butt welded to flanged fittings at other joints. Some air may have been trapped in the top of this and other pipe runs. Fig. 1 Photograph...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Electric resistance weld flaws Flash weld flaws Furnace butt weld flaws Hook cracks Cold welds Incomplete fusion Stitching Inclusions Shielded metal arc welding flaws Gas metal arc welding flaws Submerged arc welding flaws Misalignment Porosity Incomplete fusion Incomplete...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627081801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001796
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of an electrical current can occur, then a pattern of fluting can develop on the roller and raceway surfaces. Electrical fluting is a phenomenon where the bearing surface is partially melted by sparks (arcing) generated when electric current enters the bearing and passes through an extremely thin oil film...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001595
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... abusive grinding, localized wear, or inadvertent frictional heating of moving components. Unanticipated and unusual events such as resistance heating or electrical arcing of poorly grounded equipment may result in localized hardening and subsequent failure. An understanding of the significant effects...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0047621
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...Abstract Abstract The case and stiffener of an inner-combustion-chamber case assembly failed by completely fracturing circumferentially around the edge of a groove arc weld joining the case and stiffener to the flange. The assembly consisted of a cylindrical stiffener inserted...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... with respect to the pipe wall. Fig. 6 Typical example of fatigue cracking adjacent to a longitudinal weld. Fig. 7 Toe cracks in the HAZ of a double-submerged arc weld. Fig. 9 Appearance of an unwelded section in electric-resistance welded line pipe. Fig. 8 Appearance...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0089722
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...Abstract Abstract A welded elbow assembly (AISI type 321 stainless steel, with components joined with ER347 stainless steel filler metal by gas tungsten arc welding) was part of a hydraulic-pump pressure line for a jet aircraft. The other end of the tube was attached to a flexible metal hose...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to cracking, a magnetic-particle test was done to check for cracks. No cracks were found, but a few weeks later, the weldments were returned, because cracks had initiated at minute arc strikes that were caused by the prods used to make electrical contact for the magnetic-particle test. Due to their small size...