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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046422
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
.... This type of dynamometer acts somewhat like a stalled hydraulic coupling: Vanes in the rotor impart tangential momentum to the water recirculating in a spiral path in the toroidal working compartment, and this momentum is killed by the fixed stator vanes. This results in dissipation of mechanical energy...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article focuses on the corrosion-wear synergism in aqueous slurry and grinding environments. It describes the effects of environmental factors on corrosive wear and provides information on the impact and three-body abrasive-corrosive wear. The article also discusses the various...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001604
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... the void left behind. The momentum of the rushing liquid produces an explosive shock wave on impact with the tube surface. This wave, in turn, produces localized deformation and, when large enough, may provide the mechanical energy necessary to produce pitting. Eventually, the cavitation pits, or craters...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003534
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... for differences in elemental concentrations and chemistries to be observed and related to their effects on device failure. Attempts are then made to link these differences to a known step in the manufacturing process or suspected contaminant in the end use of the product. The cause of failure may be obvious from...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... situation, good versus bad samples can be compared. This allows differences in elemental concentrations and chemistries to be observed and related to their effects on device failure. Attempts are then made to link these differences to a known step in the manufacturing process or suspected contaminant...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... of changes of form that gave rise to stress concentrations. The “fatigue” aspect of design became of increasing importance with the arrival of the high speed steam and, later, the internal combustion engine because of the need to reduce the scantlings in order to minimise both inertia effects and total...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... considered a form of corrosion, galvanic corrosion is more accurately considered a type of corrosion mechanism, because galvanic action is the basis for, or can accelerate the effects of, other forms of corrosion. Uniform attack, pitting, and crevice corrosion can all be exacerbated by galvanic conditions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...-Temperature Corrosion-Related Failures .” Additional discussion can be found in the articles “ Effect of Environment on the Performance of Plastics ” and “ Corrosion Failures of Industrial Refractories and Technical Ceramics ” in Failure Analysis and Prevention , Volume 11 of the ASM Handbook , 2002...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006943
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... of light elements and create poor contrast due to the weak elastic interaction with electrons. Therefore, examination of plastics requires special procedures to reduce or eliminate the charging effects and minimize any electron beam damage to the sample. The schematic of an SEM instrument is shown in Fig...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
..., because this is above the normal application range and below the normal metalworking range. Oren reported the high-strain-rate tensile strengths of a number of steels in this range, as well as the effect of strain rate on tensile strength. [ 14 ] Analysis of Oren’s data showed that the ratio of elevated...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003566
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Burn ( Ref 1 ), a metallurgist with Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd. (ICI), England, had eighty-nine 0.7 to 0.9 kg (1.5 to 2 lb) ball-peen hammers withdrawn from service for examination and tests to determine if the hammers were in compliance with BS 876-1949, the British standard then in effect...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... conditions and stresses that effect gear strength and durability. The article provides information on different gear materials, the common types and causes of gear failures, and the procedures employed to analyze them. Finally, it presents a chosen few examples to illustrate a systematic approach...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of the light microscope has restricted its use for such work. Aside from the published light optical fractographs made by Zapffe (see Ref 5 for a review of many of these), very few optical fractographs of metallic materials have been published by others. Microfractography gained momentum with the development...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.9781627083959
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9