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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c0047615
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
... of the fin near the bottom of the economizer. After the initial failure, the frequency of failures increased, the time between failures decreased, and a failure analysis was eventually initiated. Investigation During an unscheduled outage, a sample was removed from a tube that had not failed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Abstract A type 304 stainless steel tube that failed in a boiler stack economizer was analyzed to determine the cause. The investigation consisted of visual, SEM/EDS, and metallographic analysis. Several degradation mechanisms appeared to be at work, including pitting corrosion, chloride stress...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Abstract This paper reviews several fatigue failures from the waterwall, superheater, and economizer portions of the boiler, their causes and how they were mitigated and monitored. Some cases required simple field modifications by cutting or welding, repair of existing controls, and/or changes...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001609
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... economizer applications and are acceptable alternatives to alloy 430. Acknowledgments Contributions to this paper by R. Steigerwald, P. Harrigan, S. Pearson, and H. Mantle of Bechtel Corporation are appreciated, as is the laboratory and failure analysis work performed by Y. Chung of FTI Anamet...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001642
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... made, because calculations of ideal critical diameter and analysis of available hardenability data indicated that the original hardness specification could be met. There was, however, less room for process variation. The parts ended up containing temper carbides, developed heavy decarburization...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001482
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Abstract Penetration by molten copper occurred in the economizer of a large water-tube boiler. A cross section through a weld and the crack in the tube revealed a crack was an intergranular fissure. Small fissures of the same type also extended from its flanks. The main fissure was filled...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006754
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... improvement in durability and safety of products, equipment, or structures. Sometimes this analysis will lead to an improvement in economics as well. Understanding goes beyond knowledge of facts; it requires integration of facts into the knowledge base of an individual so that the facts may be transformed...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003518
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract Failure analysis is a process that is performed to determine the causes or factors that have led to an undesired loss of functionality. This article describes some of the factors and conditions that might be considered when approaching a failure analysis problem. It focuses on the key...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... Abstract The cover of a feed cock fitted to an economic boiler suddenly blew off and the plug lifted sufficiently to permit the escape of water. It was found that all four of the studs securing the cover had fractured. In each case fracture had occurred at the end of one of the screwed portions...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0059924
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... was the most economical solution. Billets Nonmetallic inclusions Rings Ultrasonic testing 8822 UNS G88220 Metalworking-related failures The large steel ring shown in Fig. 1 was produced for a nuclear application from a 1.7 in (68 in.) diam billet of 8822 steel. The large billet was first...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... for a greater understanding of the respective damage mechanism. boilers damage mechanisms drums failure analysis fossil fuels headers Rankine cycle systems FAILURES IN BOILERS and other equipment taking place in power plants that use steam as the working fluid are discussed in this article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Abstract Materials selection is closely related to the objectives of failure analysis and prevention. This article briefly reviews the general aspects of materials selection as a concern in both proactive failure prevention during design and as a possible root cause of failed parts. Coverage...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract Materials selection is an important engineering function in both the design and failure analysis of components. This article briefly reviews the general aspects of materials selection as a concern in proactive failure prevention during design and as a possible root cause of failed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001431
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
..., it is not yet an economical proposition to examine every welded detail by this means. As these examples show — no matter how good the reputation of the manufacturer, and the excellence and vigilance of his inspection and quality control staff — examples of criminal malpractice which could lead to serious...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003529
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... chips from other machines. Economy Methods The economy methods of metals composition analysis are usually methods that can be preformed on a “small chunk” of the metal in question. The economic benefits of these types of methods include the fact that no time is spent milling, drilling, weighing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0047846
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... of operation, and the use of nitrided shafts became standard practice. Nitriding the shafts was more economical than restoring the slip clutch. Selected Reference Selected Reference • Fatigue Failures , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2002 , p 700...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001083
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...). Specimen Selection Four impellers were sent for examination—two from the No. 2 feed pump and two from the No. 3 feed pump. Impellers 1 and 4 were selected for laboratory analysis. Visual Examination of General Physical Features The as-received impellers are shown in Fig. 1 . All four impellers...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001406
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
..., it developed after a service life of only ten weeks. Prior to this the shortest period of development of failure from this cause in cases investigated by the Company occurred in slightly under three years service and concerned the centre circumferential seam of an economic type boiler. Details of the case...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... process. It then expands on questions involved in RCM process, offering definitions when necessary. Next, the article describes the approach of RCM to failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA), the failure management policies available under RCM, and the criteria of RCM for deciding when a specific...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001603
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
.... Analysis of these inclusions confirmed the presence of Fe, Si, Ca, and O, indicating slag entrapment to be the most probable culprit. Crack Electric resistance welded Ferrite band Fusion zone API 5L X-46 (Other, miscellaneous, or unspecified) failure Joining-related failures Introduction...