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duplex stainless steels

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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 49 Duplex stainless steel 2205 weld showing stress-corrosion crack on the inside diameter of the vessel More
Image
Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 50 Duplex stainless steel 2205 stress-corrosion cracks in the heat-affected zone of the vessel More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... analysis fatigue strength stainless steel (duplex wrought stainless steel) 316 (austenitic wrought stainless steel) UNS S31600 Introduction The petrochemical industry is one of the most dynamic segments of the world economy, and its growth in the last years has led to the development of new...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001048
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
..., and optical microscopy examination. The tests revealed that the tubes conformed to specification. Crack morphology indicated stress-corrosion cracking by chlorides present in the cooling water. Use of a duplex stainless steel (for example, UNS S32304 S31803) as a tube material was recommended. Chemical...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c9001689
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
...Abstract Abstract The drive shaft on a centrifugal pump fractured after five months of operation. The fracture occurred at a packing gland inside a sleeve against which the packing material sealed. The shaft and sleeve were of duplex stainless steel. In contrast to a previous conclusion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c0091622
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
... buildup. If redesign was impossible, an alloy more resistant to Cl-SCC, such as a duplex stainless steel or a high-molybdenum (4 to 6%) austenitic stainless steel, should be used. Chlorides Digesters Paper machines CF-8M UNS J92900 Stress-corrosion cracking A CF-8M (cast type 316) neck...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c0047447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
... would always be susceptible to SCC. Redesign to lower stresses was essential. In addition, change to a high-strength duplex stainless steel with its higher strength and greater resistance to chlorides was recommended. Finally, the part must be adequately risered to produce solid shanks free from...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c9001568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
... material for the rolls. This duplex stainless steel had exhibited 1 superior corrosion-fatigue resistance and low residual stress in laboratory tests. Limited service experience thus far seems to confirm these findings. Reference Reference 1. Dahl C.B. and Ranger C.W. , “Stainless...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... the wall the tube core. Metallography Microstructural Analysis Microstructural analysis confirmed that the tube sheet was fabricated from E-Brite (ferritic stainless steel) that was explosively bonded to Ferralium (duplex stainless steel). The microstructures of both alloys and of the weld...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c0048808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
...Abstract Abstract The welds joining the liner and shell of a fluid catalytic cracking unit failed. The shell was made of ASTM A515 carbon steel welded with E7018 filler metal. The liner was made of type 405 stainless steel and was plug welded to the shell using ER309 and ER310 stainless steel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001773
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... to chloride SCC, such as a ferritic steel (AL 29-4), a duplex steel (AL 2205), or a super stainless steel (AL 6XN). References References 1. Standard Specification for Stainless Steel and Heat Resisting Chromium-Nickel Steel Plate , Sheet and Strip, ASTM A-167 2. Davison R.M...
Image
Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 29 Cracks in pressure vessel made of ASTM A515 carbon steel lined with type 405 stainless steel. Failure occurred at plug welds because of dilution of weld metal. (a) Micrograph of specimen through weld area etched in acid cupric chloride showing ASTM A515 carbon steel (top), interface More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001336
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract Catastrophic pitting corrosion occurred in type 304L stainless steel pipe flange assemblies in an industrial food processor. During regular service the pumped medium was pureed vegetables. In situ maintenance procedures included cleaning of the assemblies with a sodium...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001609
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... the conditions of Code Case 2215. 13 Section VIII does not require PWHT for alloy 439 tubing manufactured to SA/A-268, grade XM8, UNS S43035. Section VIII also permits the use of P-No.10H duplex stainless steels, such as 22Cr-5Ni alloy 2205, UNS S31803. Numerous HRSG economizers have seen satisfactory service...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... steel chemical analysis copper alloys crack initiation crack propagation duplex stainless steel ferritic stainless steel fracture surface characteristics low alloy steel macroscopic examination magnesium alloys maraging steel martensitic stainless steel metallographic analysis metalworking...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001412
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... stainless steel of the type commonly used for turbine blades. A number of non-metallic inclusions were present which had been drawn into threads in rolling; these appeared to consist largely of duplex silicates. The failure of blade 28 was the result of the development of a creeping crack. Magnetic crack...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and residential plumbing systems, SCC can occur in brass plumbing components that are used in a hard temper condition or that have residual stresses from final finishing, such as rolled threads. Stainless steel clamps used in residential cross-linked polyethylene (PEX) plumbing systems exhibit SCC when moisture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... a certain limit after which it should not be used. For example many CRA, such as austenitic stainless steels, duplex stainless steel, and Ni base alloys (i.e., Incoloy 825 and Inconel 625), are used in an environment containing CO 2 and H 2 S. However, most of these alloys cannot be used in the presence...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001839
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... compatibility of materials, High-alloy ferritic steels: duplex stainless steels (code 1600) , Sandia National Laboratories Report , Sep 2008 , pp. 1600 – 1601 2. Yagodzinskyy Y. , Todoshchenko O. , Papula S. , Hänninen H. , Steel Res. Int . 82 ( 1 ), 20 ( 2011 ) 10.1002/srin...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and austenitic stainless steels after extensive exposure to temperatures ranging from 650 to 900 °C (1200 to 1650 °F). It forms more rapidly from ferrite than from austenite. Electrolytic etching with potassium hydroxide (KOH) reveals a sigma phase ( Fig. 26 ). Fig. 26 Duplex stainless steel etched...