1-15 of 15 Search Results for

dry reactive ion etching

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...) <100 (average) >250 (average) >250 (average) >250 (average) >1000 (average) Ref 43 (1996) Ion plating TiN Tool steel Ball on cylinder 3.5, 4.6, 5.1 2 → 5 0.03 ± 0.01 0.15 ± 0.01 50 → 60 HRC 2300 HV <1.3 (average) 50 (1998) Reactive sputtering TiN M50 bearing steel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... that was essentially pure aluminum oxide, with small amounts of carbon and magnesium. Depth-profile studies of the fracture surface, using ion etching, revealed a uniform composition as a function of depth, with no additional elements detected as the etching progressed. A specific search for mercury was conducted...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... electrochemical reactions. The potentials are measured against a standard reference electrode when the metal is immersed in a solution of its own ions at unit activity ( Table 1 ). Similar to the galvanic series, it is a list of metals and alloys arranged according to their relative potentials in a given...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... information on specific ions and substances, service environments, and preservice environments responsible for SCC. It details the analysis of SCC failures, which include on-site examination, sampling, observation of fracture surface characteristics, macroscopic examination, microscopic examination, chemical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... The electromotive force (emf) series is a table that lists in order the standard electrode potentials of specified electrochemical reactions. The potentials are measured against a standard reference electrode when the metal is immersed in a solution of its own ions at unit activity ( Table 1 ). Similar...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... discoloration along the bottom of the pipe. (c) Cross section of pipe wall through the perforation. The sample was etched in ASTM 89 reagent to delineate the microstructure. Uniform wall thickness is approximately 2.9 mm (0.11 in.). 5×. Courtesy of S.R. Freeman, Millennium Metallurgy, Ltd. Fig. 3 View...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., specific i njurious ions in the environment, such as chloride or hydroxyl ions, are associated with causing SCC of a given metal/alloy. The ions responsible for SCC need not be present in high concentrations, although a minimum local concentration is required. In some cases, SCC occurs only within...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Axial stress, 0 to 380 MPa (0 to 55 ksi); contact stress, 40 MPa (6 ksi); fretting cycles, 10 5 . Sample was nital etched and viewed with scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Fig. 22 Plot of fretting wear versus fiber orientation angle in a composite Fig. 23 Fretting mark generated...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... versus fretting cycles for mild steel under gross slip 90 μm displacement amplitude in both dry air and nitrogen atmosphere. Adapted from Ref 74 Fig. 21 (a) Evolution of wear rate of a flat-on-flat low-alloyed steel contact as a function of the mean contact pressure for gross slip fretting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... (immune) or can form oxides. The diagrams do not provide information regarding corrosion rates. Pourbaix diagrams also provide information regarding the formation of barrier films; however, conclusions regarding their effectiveness in the presence of specific ions cannot be drawn. General information can...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006828
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... to join metals to ceramics. Procedures for brazing various materials such as cast irons, steels, stainless steels, heat-resistant alloys, aluminum alloys, titanium alloys, copper alloys, reactive and refractory metals, and carbon and graphite are described in Welding, Brazing, and Soldering , Volume 6...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... , “ Microstructural Degradation of Bearing Steels ,” Ph.D. thesis, University of Cambridge , 2014 60. Polonsky I.A. and Keer L.M. , On White Etching Band Formation in Rolling Bearings , J. Mech. Phys. Solids , Vol 43 ( No. 4 ), 1995 , p 637 – 669 10.1016/0022-5096(95)00001-Y 61...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... by the rate of arrival of X at the cathodic surface, a buildup of metal ions, M + , at the anode, or a buildup of reduced oxidant, X n/m− , at the cathode. Because metals are good electrical conductors, the cathodic and anodic processes can occur at different locations on a metal surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... metal. Cracking occurred in the martensitic (white) heat-affected zone of the flange. 2% nital etch Fig. 12 Fracture surface of flange failure in the as-received condition. Intergranular fracture is shown as well as debris retained from the field. Fig. 13 Stainless steel tube...