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discontinuously reinforced ceramic-matrix composites

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... iron, gray cast iron, malleable irons, ductile iron, low-alloy steel castings, austenitic steels, corrosion-resistant castings, and cast aluminum alloys are the materials discussed. The article describes the general types of discontinuities or imperfections for traditional casting with sand molds...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... iron grades are eutectic, or near eutectic alloys, where graphite and the metallic matrix grow cooperatively on solidification. Gray Iron Composition and Microstructure Carbon Equivalent and Carbon Saturation Carbon equivalent (CE) is a simplified method of evaluating the effect...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of the discontinuities and flaws characterized by nondestructive examinations (NDEs) include: Bead convexity and amount of weld reinforcement Bead concavity, underfill, and undersized welds Undercut at the toe of the weld Cold laps Porosity Weld spatter Arc strikes Metallic and nonmetallic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... rupture due to MVC is the most prevalent fracture mechanism of ductile overload failures. During deformation, cavities (or microvoids) nucleate at small particles (such as inclusions and second-phase particles) when the matrix material separates from the particle by interfacial decohesion and when...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... component had or did not have the properties relied upon by the design engineer Whether a flaw or discontinuity was critical enough to cause failure at a time or loading level unanticipated by design Whether inspection methods were properly employed Whether features were present that indicate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006943
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
...—approximately a few nanometers. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy is used for the chemical surface analysis of polymers to study the chemical composition. The term surface analysis is traditionally used for surface chemical analysis techniques performed by Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) and XPS, which...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article discusses the effect of using unsuitable alloys, metallurgical discontinuities, fabrication practices, and stress raisers on the failure of a pressure vessel. It provides information on pressure vessels made of composite materials and their welding practices. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.9781627083959
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to the common structural metals and alloys. Impervious graphite, especially in heat-exchanger applications, is cathodic to the less noble metals and alloys. Carbon-filled polymers or metal-matrix composites can act as noble metals in a galvanic couple. Metal Ion Deposition Ions of a more noble metal may...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... and acceptance of any revisions made to the program prior to implementation of these revisions. Fabrication Flaws That Can Develop into Failures of In-Service Pressure Vessels and Piping Mechanical or metallurgical imperfections and discontinuities in a workpiece can be introduced and detected at any...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... conductors as cathodes in galvanic couples. Carbon brick in vessels is strongly cathodic to the common structural metals and alloys. Impervious graphite, especially in heat-exchanger applications, is cathodic to the less noble metals and alloys. Carbon-filled polymers or metal-matrix composites can act...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006834
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... families, with their chemical composition (in weight percent) and their international correspondences. Most of them follow the ISO 683-17 standard ( Ref 6 – 8 ). Rolling-element bearing material families, groups I and II Table 3 Rolling-element bearing material families, groups I and II Steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... anticipated during design? Was there some deficiency or discontinuity that contributed to the failure, or was there a local stress raiser at the critical location? Was this taken into account by the designer? Of course, the root causes of unacceptable stress concentrators are varied. They may occur from...