1-20 of 34 Search Results for

discontinuously reinforced aluminum

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001546
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Defect in Fig. 4 at higher magnification. Cracking around the aluminum-manganese phase is apparent. ×1000. The presence of interconnecting microcracks between adjacent discontinuities supported the hydrogen blistering diagnosis. It should be pointed out that no evidence of overheating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of the discontinuities and flaws characterized by nondestructive examinations (NDEs) include: Bead convexity and amount of weld reinforcement Bead concavity, underfill, and undersized welds Undercut at the toe of the weld Cold laps Porosity Weld spatter Arc strikes Metallic and nonmetallic...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article briefly reviews the general causes of weldment failures, which may arise from rejection after inspection or failure to pass mechanical testing as well as loss of function in service. It focuses on the general discontinuities observed in welds, and shows how some...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... iron, gray cast iron, malleable irons, ductile iron, low-alloy steel castings, austenitic steels, corrosion-resistant castings, and cast aluminum alloys are the materials discussed. The article describes the general types of discontinuities or imperfections for traditional casting with sand molds...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006936
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... by the returning waves are detected using a laser interferometer ( Fig.19 ). Systems currently in use for advanced composite inspection applications utilize a neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd-YAG) laser configured as a confocal Fabry-Perot laser interferometer as a demodulator to detect surface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... the intended function is decreased. The article addresses factors that may cause failures in castings for each metal type, starting with gray iron and progressing to ductile iron, steel, aluminum, and copper-base alloys. It describes the general root causes of failure attributed to the casting material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... Multiple-pass welds introduce additional complexity as compared to single-pass welds because subsequent weld passes reheat previous passes, typically changing the mechanical properties. Different base-metal types (steel, stainless steel, aluminum, etc.) have unique characteristics that contribute...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... parts, designated stage I and stage II. Stage I propagation occurs on specific crystallographic planes with greatest resolved fluctuating shear stress. Stage II propagation occurs on planes normal to the fluctuating tensile stress. Certain metals (such as aluminum alloys) and loading conditions...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of soldered or brazed joints, depth of penetration of welds, or occurrence of gas porosity can be revealed by proper sectioning. A critical combination of strain and subsequent heating can occasionally cause excessive grain growth. This has occurred in copper tubing, aluminum alloy tubing, or copper-clad...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
..., troublesome failure mechanisms, the role of high strength aluminum alloys and steels, and situations where fracture mechanics analyses provided insight into the failures. The two main failure mechanisms were: fatigue occurring mainly in steel components, and corrosion related problems with aluminum alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... can be satisfactorily extruded. Another example of a difficult-to-accommodate manufacturing condition versus the selected material is a brazed extended heat-transfer surface featuring aluminum alloy brazing sheet fin stock bonded to aluminized stainless steel. The optimal conditions require bonding...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... carefully, and obscure the microstructural details at the edge, or, worse yet, drip onto the objective (in an inverted microscope), causing loss of image clarity or even damage. Figure 5 shows a large shrinkage gap between a phenolic mount and a piece of 6061-T6 aluminum etched with dilute aqueous...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... ( Fig. 1a , b ). Parabolic or elongated shear dimples occur from torsional loading ( Fig. 1c ) or from mode II (in-plane) shear. However, metallic materials can behave in a ductile manner but not exhibit the classical dimple-rupture morphology, as shown in Fig. 1(d) for a cast aluminum alloy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... environmental conditions, typically 5 × 10 6 for steels and ≥10 7 for aluminum alloys, provides a useful and beneficial result of S - N testing. However, other materials do not always exhibit this infinite-life response. Instead, many materials display a continuously decreasing stress-life response, even...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006940
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
...-reinforced polybutylene terephthalate (containing 30 wt% glass fibers), and short-glass-fiber-reinforced polyamide 6 (containing 35 wt% glass fibers and ~10 wt% rubber impact modifier) were obtained at different (room and elevated) temperatures under R = −1 and R = 0.1 cyclic loading ( Ref 10 – 12...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... electrochemical. Dividing corrosion or other electrochemical reactions into partial reactions makes them simpler to understand. Iron and aluminum, like zinc, are also rapidly corroded by hydrochloric acid. Thus, the problem of hydrochloric acid corrosion is simplified, because in every case, the cathodic reaction...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... together in register with one another. Fatigue cracks are most easily recognized when they occur in ductile materials, especially those in the ferrous group ; in the case of cast materials, more especially cast-iron and some of the cast aluminium-base alloys, it is, unfortunately, generally very...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... fracture in 7079-T651 aluminum that failed under stress-corrosion cracking conditions in a 3.5% chloride solution. Transmission electron microscopy replica Fig. 13 Mud cracks on the fracture surface of a quenched and tempered 4340 steel exposed to a marine environment. Transmission electron...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... For example, aluminum is anodic to zinc in an aqueous 1 M sodium chromate (Na 2 CrO 4 ) solution and cathodic to iron in an aqueous 1 M sodium sulfate (Na 2 SO 4 ) solution ( Ref 4 ). Emf Series The emf series is a table that lists in order the standard electrode potentials of specified...