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direct chill ingot casting

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of wrought products. The article addresses the types of flaws or defects that can be introduced during the steel forging process itself, including defects originating in the ingot-casting process. Defects found in nonferrous forgings—titanium, aluminum, and copper and copper alloys—also are covered...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003507
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... operations are also classified as either primary metalworking (where mill forms such as bar, plate, tube, sheet, and wire are worked from ingot or other cast forms) or secondary metalworking (where mill products are further formed into finished products by hot forging, cold forging, drawing, extrusion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... to Casting Failures The information provided in this article is intended for those individuals who want to determine why a casting component failed to perform its intended purpose. The target audience for this article is engineers and designers looking for direction in analyzing a situation...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of a thick section and an adjacent thin section, minimizing the likelihood of shrinkage. Chills also are useful in promoting directional solidification, so that a riser can act more effectively. Depending on casting shape and size, variations in section thickness, and types of junctions between component...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... arise from some discontinuity in the centre of the ingot from which it was forged. If it is subjected to bending or torsion, the axis will be a zone of minimum or zero stress so that the defects are unlikely to give rise to fatigue cracks. But if it is subjected to direct loading, then the axial zone...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003529
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... that have had part of their composition altered by carbon or nitrogen diffusion or that have been plated or painted tend to be more problematic than larger pieces of structural alloys. Some analysts remelt and chill cast their metals specimens in order to get a disk large enough to analyze by the faster...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... chilled and thickened so that it cannot enter very fine openings. If the part or the penetrant is too hot, the volatile components of the penetrant may evaporate, reducing the sensitivity. After the penetrating period, the excess penetrant remaining on the surface is removed. An absorbent, light-colored...