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design defects

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003505
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article discusses the three legal theories on which a products liability lawsuit is based and the issues of hazard, risk, and danger in the context of liability. It describes manufacturing and design defects of various products. The article explains a design that is analyzed from...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...-die design was inefficient The forging operation was unduly fast for the specific design Some metal was removed from the surface during the forging process to eliminate a specific surface defect, resulting in an underfill condition in the flange area After the forging supplier was notified...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... part. A forging die is normally designed to expel the surface oxide scale with the flash at the parting line. The inner bend radius was too sharp, however, and some of the oxide scale was entrapped within the forging instead of being expelled with the flash. Many steering arms, both new and unused, as...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...., ASM International , 2002 , p 587 – 626 . 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003538 A maintenance worker was attempting to loosen exhaust system bolts on a large diesel engine using the open end portion of a 3/4-inch (19 mm) wrench. The open end wrench was required because the design of the exhaust...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0091538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... the contact-finger retainers to SCC. The slots were redesigned to have inside corner radii of 3.2 mm (0.125 in.) to reduce the stress concentration associated with the square corners in the original design, and the formed retainers were shot blasted to remove uneven surface tensile stresses and to put...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0089738
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... that the crack in the header tube was the result of a stress concentration at the toe of the weld joining a doubler collar to the tube. The stress concentration was caused by undercutting from poor welding technique and an unfavorable joint design that did not permit a good fit-up. Recommendations...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... quality) of any hot metalforming process is the service life of tooling. Product rework and rejects can be traced back to various defects spread over the die life cycle: die design, die manufacture, heat treatment, and die service. A number of mechanisms can cause initiation and propagation of die damage...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001283
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... sections across the defects revealed intergranular cracks tracing a path of round, segregated particles and oxide film discontinuities. The segregated particles were rich in copper It was concluded that the cracking was the result of segregations occurring in poor-quality raw material. The source of...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001299
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... examination revealed that the fracture origin was a subsurface defect-a hard refractory (Al2O3) inclusion—in the zone close to the pin radius. Chemical analysis showed the crankshaft material to be of inferior quality. It was recommended that magnetic particle inspection using the dc method be used to cheek...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001289
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... indicative of hydrogen embrittlement Fig. 4 High-magnification SEM micrograph of the same zone shown in Fig. 3 . Rod-shaped manganese sulfide inclusions are visible, normally a preferred she for hydrogen accumulation. Microexamination of sections taken across the defect indications in both...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001296
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
.... Close analysis of the fracture path revealed that the brittle crack originated at the severely eroded zone of craters in the outer corner of the bore surface. The presence of surface defects, such as discoloration, erosion, and craters, indicated a high-temperature melting phenomenon that occurred...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
.... Very few overload failures were noted. A number of causes were identified: design deficiencies and manufacturing defects leading mainly to fatigue failures, and poor materials selection and improper maintenance as the principal causes of corrosion-related failures. The survey showed that a proper...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0046210
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... drilling, giving rise to surface defects. The fracture surface was characteristic of fatigue in that it was flat, relatively shiny, and exhibited beach marks. The crack surface was at a 45 deg angle to the axis of the shaft, indicating dominant tensile stresses. The material was the French designation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... assembly revealed tensile properties well below the allowable design values. Radiology and CT evaluations revealed no casting defects. Optical microscopy revealed porosity uniformly distributed throughout the casting on the order of 0.1 mm pore diam. Scanning electron microscopy revealed elongated pores...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., design deficiencies, material defects, manufacturing/installation defects, and service life anomalies, with examples. The article describes several common charting methods that may be useful in performing an RCA. It also discusses other failure analysis tools, including review of all sources of input and...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047076
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... notches, acting in combination with lateral forces evidenced by the moderate distortion of the fastener holes. Recommendations included eliminating the surface defects by revised cleaning and/or forming procedures. Revised design and installation should also alleviate the lateral forces. Aircraft...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0090030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... inspection and removal of defective disks is simulated at 10,000 cycles). This example indicates that, for 20,000 flight cycles, this design would not pass the design target risk limit of 10 -9 without inspection, but that the design does pass with inspection. Fig. 5 Probability of fracture per flight...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047710
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... interface of the electron beam weld, which had been the result of a deviation in the welding procedure. Examination of the possible causes of failure gave no evidence that a recurrence of the defect had ever occurred. Thus, there was no basis on which to recommend a change in design, material, or welding...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... sleeve bore were chamfered to form a weld preparation. After welding, the faces were machined which resulted in the removal of most of the weld metal and revealed a pronounced lack of penetration. All bolts used to anchor derrick crane back stays should be designed in accordance with the recommendations...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... Storage tanks Weld defects Carbon steel plate Brittle fracture In the mid 70's a new British standard (BS 4741) was approved. BS 4741 was a specification for the design of single wall LPG storage tanks. It was based on the results of a series of low temperature tensile tests of welded plates. These...