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depth of carburization

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001173
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
...Abstract Abstract Ball joints made from carburized En 353 (BS970:815A16) steel failed after several hours of being fitted into vehicles. The parts were forged, machined, and thread rolled. The threads were copper plated to prevent carburization. The heat treatment consisted of carburizing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0048253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract Two intermediate impeller drive gears (made of AMS 6263 steel, gas carburized, hardened, and tempered) exhibited evidence of pitting and abnormal wear after production tests in test-stand engines. The gears were examined for hardness, case depth, and microstructure of case...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001214
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... necessary to have a lower case depth, carburize less deeply, and prevent overheating that causes brittleness and leads also to increased case depth, or else use a fine-grained steel of lower hardenability. Case depth Cracking (fracturing) Gas carburizing Overheating Sleeves C15 Heat treating...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c9001413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
...-carburization to a depth of approximately 0.001 in. had occurred. It was concluded that insufficient tightening, as evidenced by the polish markings, was the main reason for failure, the portion of the rod therefore being subjected to a greater variation of cyclic stress during operation. The presence of the de...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... acted as a stop-off during carburizing of the offset, circular thrust-bearing surface surrounding the 16-mm (0.637-in.) diam hole. The bearing surface was case hardened to a depth of 0.05 to 0.1 mm (0.002 to 0.005 in.), then austempered to obtain a minimum hardness of 600 Knoop (1-kg, or 2.2-lb, load...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0046028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...Abstract Abstract The 8620 steel latch tip, carburized and then induction hardened to a minimum surface hardness of 62 HRC, on the main-clutch stop arm on a business machine fractured during normal operation when the latch tip was subjected to intermittent impact loading. Fractographic...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003510
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... keyways, and grooves. One illustration of this problem is hardening of a shaft over a lubrication cross hole, as illustrated in Fig. 28 ( Ref 22 ). Preferred alternative designs are also shown in Fig. 28 . If a radial cross hole is mandatory, the use of carburized steel with oil quenching would...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001844
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... The crack propagated continuously up to tooth when dismounting the cracked gear. The cracked gear is made of 30CrMnTi steel. The gear teeth are required to be carburized and the depth of the carburized layer is specified as 1.3–1.7 mm. The surface hardness and core hardness of tooth flank are, respectively...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001037
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... be improved to avoid a rough surface. The depth of the carburized case should be reduced to approximately 0.38 mm (0.015 in.) to increase pin toughness. Selected References Selected References • Totten G.E. , Narazaki M. , Blackwood R.R. and Jarvis L.M. , Failures Related...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001613
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... with the cup portion. The hardness values obtained in various regions suggests that the tappet adjusting screw was not properly carburized and tempered. The hardness values measured in various regions of the screws are presented in Table 1 . The case depth of the screw was measured according to IS 6416 (1988...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... the specified range of 58–62 RC; case depth achieved is also high. However, this causes through hardening at groove area of bearing cup, and hence, push-out force is less in the case of carburized and hardened samples compared with other samples, which was measured as 285 kg. Endurance test was found...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0048257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
.... The causes for the defects were reported based on previous investigation of heat treatment facilities. Oxide layer was caused by inadequate purging of air before carburization while decarburization was attributed to defects in the copper plating applied to the gear for its protection during austenitizing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c0046998
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... boundaries (light-etching constituent) and a few scattered small gray particles of sulfide and black particles of silicate. The third micrograph of specimen 1 in Fig. 1 shows a carburized coarse-grain (ASTM 000 to 3) structure at a depth of approximately 1.5 mm (0.060 in.), the midpoint of the wall...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001369
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... structure at the surface and a tempered martensite matrix ( Fig. 3 and 4 ). The case depth, specified as 1 mm (0.04 in.), was closer to 2 mm (0.08 in.). Fig. 3 Carburized zone. 2% nital etch. 47.5× Fig. 4 Martensitic matrix structure of shaft. 2% nital etch. 47.5× The light-colored...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the gear tooth. Fig. 28 Applied stress versus case depth (net strength). Fig. 29 Subsurface cracking that subsequently resulted in spalling at a gear-tooth edge. Unetched section of a carburized AMS 6260 steel gear tooth. Cracking initiated in the transition zone between the carburized...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0048261
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
...% retained austenite. The core was composed principally of low-carbon martensite. Metallographic examination revealed that the acute-angle intersections of the mounting holes and tooth-root fillets were carburized to a depth that comprised the entire cross section and consequently were through hardened...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001638
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... spectroscopy revealed that the failure was due to sulfidation. The source of the sulfur in the furnace effluent was either dimethyl disulfide, injected into the furnace feed to prevent coke formation and carburization of the furnace tubes, or contamination of the feed with sulfur bearing oil. Energy...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... mold die made from AISI S7 tool steel that was found to be cracked before use. A crack followed the lower recessed contour of the large gear teeth and had an average depth of 1.6 mm ( 1 16 in.). Smaller cracks were also observed on the flat surfaces. (a) Actual size. (b) Etching the surface...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... and tempered SAE Standard J1102, Spec. Grade 5 827 120 634 92 14 25 to 34 34 min (77 HR 15N) Medium carbon alloy steel, quenched and tempered after carburization to a case depth of 0.10 to 0.30 mm (0.004 to 0.012 in.) Supplier (proprietary) 1034 150 896 130 12 32 to 38 42 to 47 SAE 1340...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... manufactured from an unkilled carbon-deficient steel, and were case hardened to a depth of 0.8 to 0.9 mm. The peripheral structure at the places not showing wear consisted of coarse acicular martensite with a high percentage of retained austenite. The links therefore were strongly overheated, probably directly...