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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001074
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... radioactive materials in a shielded enclosure, failed during installation of the manipulator. Applications Circumstances Leading to Failure Pertinent Specifications Specimen Selection Nondestructive Evaluation Surface Examination Metallography Density Measurement Synthesis...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001275
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... and density measurements, both of which are influenced largely by crystalline morphology, indicated that a localized manufacturing inhomogeneity (e.g., spot cooling or a coolant spill) was not a likely cause of the failure. Thus, any deficiency in the material's performance will be generally applicable...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003536
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... profile do not necessarily represent the true values in the corresponding fracture surface. Therefore, it is essential to use unbiased statistical stereological relationships ( Ref 23 , 24 ) for estimation of the geometric attributes of the features in the fracture surface from the measurements...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001796
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... microcrater diameter measured 2.3 μm. In addition, the microcrater density (microcraters per area) was slightly greater on the rollers surface than on the outer ring raceway. Fig. 6 Craters diameters on the rollers: histogram ( a ), classification ( b ). The average diameter of the craters measured 2.9...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c0090908
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
...Abstract Abstract An irrigation pipe made of medium-density PE failed during service. This pipe was subjected to severe cyclic-bending strain of the order of 6% while under tensile stress of approximately 6.9 MPa (1000 psi) and a hoop stress of approximately 6.2 MPa (900 psi), far more...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... be applied either in through-transmission two sides or reflection mode single side. Good sensitivity in acoustically clear material All metals and alloys, sintered carbides, glass and ceramics, rubber, structural plastics, concrete Electromagnetic testing Measures impedance of coil close to conductive...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0090454
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
...Abstract Abstract A chemical storage vessel failed while in service. The failure occurred as cracking through the vessel wall, resulting in leakage of the fluid. The tank had been molded from a high-density polyethylene (HDPE) resin. The material held within the vessel was an aromatic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... These inclusions were persistent even near the outer edge of the shaft where the fatigue fracture initiated. The average diameter of the observed inclusions measured perpendicular to the long axis of the shaft was 75 μm. Fig. 8 Micrograph depicting local inclusion density adjacent to the fracture plane (top...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... can be effectively used with spreading mechanisms of binder jetting AM techniques. All powder-bed AM techniques require accurate measurement of powder flowability properties that affect the layer thickness and packing density, which, in turn, govern the quality of the build. Improper flow...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001840
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... ) 10.1007/s11661-007-9271-x 16. Molinari A. , Clifton R.J. : Analytical characterization of shear localization in thermoviscoplastic materials . J. Appl. Mech. T ASME 54 , 806 – 812 ( 1987 ) 10.1115/1.3173121 17. Duffy J. , Chi Y.C. : On the measurement of local...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
...-1970s, misunderstanding of brittle fracture led to the wrong design and construction of an LPG storage tank. The best design specification is to use a correlation between LAST, the Lowest Anticipated Service Temperature, and the DBTT measured by either Charpy tests or DTT. Crude oil Design...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001712
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... gases. Measurements supplied by the customer showed that the rolls had experienced a permanent increase in length of approximately 0.5 inches, or almost 1% over the original length as manufactured. Measurements and key dimensions are shown in Figure 1 . The roll pieces were labelled number 1...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0048791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... random in orientation, measured up to 20 mm (0.75 in.) in length (excluding one very large indication that measured 90 mm, or 3.5 in., in length), and averaged about 6 mm (0.25 in.) in depth. The indications were predominantly located in the thicker wall sections of the cross. The available specimen...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001525
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... International , 2002 , p 761 – 795 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548 After defining the cause of failure by laboratory analysis, most often corrective measures can be established. However, additional laboratory tests are sometimes needed, first to recreate the problem, and then to determine the effects...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... rapidly spread in recent years as one of the clean energy resources. The sizes of the wind turbines have become larger and larger because of the low energy density of the wind. At the same time, the wind turbines have been installed on the sea or mountainous areas, where the temperature is very low...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in semicrystalline polymers and in thermosetting resins. Fig. 4 Crazing fibrils in linear polyethylene (density, 0.964 g/cm 3 ) In polymers, macroscopic yielding and fracture may not always be appropriate criteria for long-time duration material failure, because cavitation and localized damage can...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001845
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... physical properties and working conditions of the failed steady clamps Table 1 Typical physical properties and working conditions of the failed steady clamps Typical physical properties Working conditions Item Value Item Value Density 8.80 g/cm 3 Working load 3.0 kN Modulus...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0048840
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
...%). The hydrogen contents of the steels were normal. Toughness tests were performed on numerous plate samples from locations near the bottom of the reactor, at the middle, and at the top adjacent to where the fracture followed the shroud-support weld. The lowest values measured at 5 °C (41 °F) were 6.8 and 9.5...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... of the waste heat boiler to determine the extent of metal damage in other areas by measuring the degree of ferromagnetism, (2) replacement of metal determined to be magnetic, and (3) closer monitoring of temperatures in the region of the reformer furnace outlet. Boilers Chemical processing equipment...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... a compressor operates at rotational speeds well below the design value, the air density in the last few stages is very low, the axial flow velocity becomes excessive, and the blades stall [ 1 – 3 ]. Stalls may lead to aerodynamically induced vibrations resulting in fatigue failures and total engine destruction...