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decision making

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Expectations and familiarity and their effects on decision making Risk perception and risk-taking behavior Age, memory, attention, and decision making Anthropometry Kinematics Vestibular and proprioceptive sensation Design, comprehension, and adequacy of warnings In evaluating...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003518
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of an organization to make better decisions in time frames stretching from momentary to career long. There are many books now available that have exercises that help the reader to restructure knowledge into a more useful and accessible form (see, for example, titles in the Selected Reference list for this article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006754
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... levels of an organization to make better decisions in time frames stretching from momentary to career-long. There are many books available that contain exercises to help restructure knowledge into a more useful and accessible form (see, for example, titles in the Selected References list...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... work while retaining its original focus on equipment safety and reliability. For example, they added environmental issues to the safety issues in the decision-making process, clarified the ways in which equipment functions should be defined, developed more precise rules for selecting maintenance tasks...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... issues in the decision-making process, clarified the ways in which equipment functions should be defined, developed more precise rules for selecting maintenance tasks and task intervals, and incorporated quantitative risk criteria directly into the setting of failure-finding task intervals. They call...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003519
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... chart can be created in a spreadsheet. Fig. 3 Example of a failure mode assessment chart (for fault tree of forgings defects in Fig. 2) Decision-making protocols can be as varied as the different kinds of decisions. Uncertainty and risk are part of most decisions, and so some assessment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006868
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... like a natural choice. It is a choice that comes with a multitude of design decisions and potential benefits. However, as with any other material selection, it comes with risk as well. Care must be exercised when selecting a plastics material for a particular application. The article “ Navigating...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006755
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... A certain number of team members allows things to work well. However, more than that, and efficiency starts to decline. One pitfall is when the team experiences “groupthink,” which is the practice of thinking or making decisions as a group in a way that discourages creativity or individual responsibility...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003520
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... purchasing, operating, or accounting personnel who are not technically trained. If this is the situation, the report should be written so that it is comprehensible to these persons. At least, those sections of the report that bear on their decision-making or information needs should be written in language...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... team, and the customer. Some of those interests may be in conflict, forcing the manager to make difficult decisions. Ultimately, the manager must make decisions grounded in quality, safety, performance, merchantability, profitability, and timeliness. These decisions can have far-reaching consequences...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003505
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... There is substantial confusion about the meaning of words such as hazard, risk, and danger. Webster ( Ref 3 ) defines danger as: “liability to injury, pain, damage or loss; hazard; peril; risk.” Webster makes some distinction by further saying: “Hazard arises from something fortuitous or beyond our control. Risk...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006803
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
..., the fit of a response surface, and the existence of a global minimum (or maximum, depending on the question asked). In addition, the uncertainty due to these assumptions is unquantifiable and therefore a source of contention in a risk-informed decision-making process. Sampling-based probabilistic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
.... Failure was actually caused by overload. Had the original conclusion been accepted, a relatively exotic alloy would have been specified. In another case, brass heat exchanger tube failure was automatically attributed to attack by an acidic cleaner, and a decision was made to stop using the solution...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... selection is just one part of this overall design process, which may involve a complex set of relationships regarding product function, shape, materials, and manufacturing process ( Fig. 1 , Ref 1 ). In the past, engineering design was performed as a sequential procedure, with the material decisions made...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... decisions made last, sometimes literally as an afterthought. After the dimensions and property requirements were identified, the cheapest material meeting those requirements was sought. This philosophy may have been more justifiable when fewer material choices were available or when less sophistication...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003514
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... when an experiment is repeated and different values are observed. In general, a random sample can be defined as X ˜ = ( X 1 , X 2 , … , X n ), where X i is the i th observation and n is the sample size. The engineer needs to make decisions in face of this uncertainty. Thus...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006927
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... agree to the requirements and specifications. These details should be listed in a formal document which should become one of the development team’s most referenced resources, as every decision made throughout the development and design processes will be based on the information in this document...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... continued to make demands that repairs be made, although it took no legal action. The situation finally reached a stage where the client maintained that the panels were defective in manufacture while the supplier maintained that the panels had been improperly stored and assembled by the client, allowing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006912
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
.... This staggering number of materials to sort through makes the process of specifying the optimum plastic resin for any given application very challenging. Therefore, the first critical step in any design project is defining the product performance requirements and specifications. Fig. 3 The exponential...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006922
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
.... These reasons should be part of the conversation during the selection process. They can help to direct some of the key decisions that will need to be made. At a minimum, a replacement material will typically require different processing conditions than the material it is replacing. It may also require...