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dealloying

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... fitting and two ASME SB-148 CA 954 valve bodies) and an entire valve assembly. The leaks were found to be in the socket-weld crevice area and had resulted from dealloying. It was recommended that the weld joint geometry be modified. Control valves Cooling systems Cooling water Hydraulic valves...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... After a thorough examination, it was concluded that the part had failed due to dealloying via desiliconification. pump impeller corrosion erosion cast silicon bronze porosity microstructural analysis chemical composition Silicon bronze alloy UNS C86700 References 1...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... dealloying. The dealloying corrosion was exacerbated by erosion because the pump was slightly oversized. The investigation recommended better heat treating procedures and closer evaluation to ensure that new pumps are properly sized. pump impeller corrosion dealloying nickel-aluminum bronze pitting...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0006898
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... after 42 days of exposure to NaNO3 + Ca(NO3)2 solution. None of the cupro-nickel specimens failed, but among those exposed to NH4NO3, 17% displayed crack initiation and 83% showed partial dealloying after 42 days. Based on the test results, the fuse material was changed from nickel silver to cupro...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... by intergranular attack and slight dezincification of the inner bore surface of the fitting. Dezincification and intergranular attack were attributed to excessive exposure to nonoxidizing acids in the pickling bath. Dezincification Inert gas service CDA 377 UNS C37700 Intergranular corrosion Dealloying...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... decreases significantly with an increase of hardness due to work hardening, with the segregation of phosphorus and sulfur on grain boundaries, as well as with the precipitation of carbides on grain boundaries. Dealloying. [ 5 ] Dealloying or selective corrosion of copper atoms in the Monel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001083
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... manifests itself in many ways, such as accelerated general corrosion, dealloying, pitting, erosion-corrosion, and intergranular attack. In the case of the impellers, it is likely that the sulfide attack took the form of general corrosion and possibly some dealloying. The sulfur concentrated in shrinkage...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0047332
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... from the continuous erosion of the residue by action of the water within the pump. Corrosion products Erosion Residues Sand castings Gray iron Dealloying/selective leaching Deterioration of the vanes and a wearing away of the area surrounding the mainshaft-bearing housing of the pump...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... thickness. Condenser tubes Dezincification Steam turbines 80Cu-20Zn 70Cu-30Zn Dealloying/selective leaching Dezincification is a particular form of corrosive attack which may occur in a variety of environments and to which some brasses are susceptible. It is favoured by waters having a high...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001653
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... components made of different alloys in the same valve, but this is not the best approach for all applications. Dezincification Valves Water pipelines Leaded red brass Silicon brass Dealloying/selective leaching Galvanic corrosion After six years of service, three water valves on a copper...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001651
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... sulphates, ammonia, etc., and to run trials on one unit with tubes of other alloys such as 80-20 Cu-Ni or 70-30 Cu-Ni to evaluate their performance prior to any large scale retubing operations. Admiralty brass Stress-corrosion cracking Intergranular corrosion Dealloying/selective leaching...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001684
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... of penetration was consistent with dezincification rates reported in the literature for such brasses in salt water if the valve had been in service about 55 years. Dezincification Marine environments Tug boats Valve seats Alpha brass Alpha-beta brass Dealloying/selective leaching...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... indicated severe service conditions, a proprietary alloy similar to AG1, but containing 3% nickel, was recommended. Brazed joints Brazing alloys Heating equipment Intermetallic phases Cu-14Ag-5P 90Cu-10Ni Joining-related failures Dealloying/selective leaching Persistent leakage...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0091378
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... C28000 UNS C28000 Dealloying/selective leaching A 12.7 mm (0.5 in.) diam tube was removed from a potable water supply due to leaks. The tube wall thickness was 0.711 mm (0.028 in.) with a thin layer of chromium plate on the OD surface. The tube had been in service for approximately 33 years...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001410
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... mode of the cracking was probably due to the torsional stresses which would be imposed on the elbow by thermally induced movements of the coil in service. Dezincification Heat distributing units Steam Stresses Torsion 60Cu-40Zn 70Cu-30Zn 80Cu-20Zn Dealloying/selective leaching...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0047335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
..., and phosphorus. The high sulfur content is attributed to ferrous sulfide from a sulfate reducing bacteria frequently associated with clay soils. Reinforced coal tar protective coating was recommended. Bacteria Clay (material) Porosity Residues Soils (types) Gray iron Dealloying/selective leaching...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... corrosion prevention crevice corrosion dealloying corrosion galvanic corrosion intergranular corrosion microbiologically influenced corrosion pitting selective leaching uniform corrosion velocity-affected corrosion CORROSION is the electrochemical reaction of a material and its environment...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0091384
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... or coated and lined steel pipe, generally not susceptible to graphitic corrosion, were suggested as suitable replacement materials, and cathodic protection was also considered as a possibility. Galvanic corrosion Graphitization Piping Gray iron Dealloying/selective leaching A 25.4 cm (10...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0046469
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... for this application; however, this alloy is not as resistant to impingement attack as copper alloy C68700. Air compressors Dezincification Tubes C27000 Yellow brass, 65% Cu UNS C27000 Dealloying/selective leaching After about 17 years in service, copper alloy C27000 (yellow brass, 65% Cu) innercooler...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., dealloying, or pitting) may also be operative. Following are some examples of uniform-corrosion-related failures and its prevention and evaluation. Appropriate methods of controlling uniform corrosion in some situations are noted. Selection of a metal that has a suitable resistance to the environment...