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damage tolerance

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0090030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... the bore emanating from a hard alpha (HA) defect. Such defects can result from occasional upsets during the vacuum melting of titanium. These nitrogen-rich alpha titanium anomalies are brittle and often have associated microcracks and microvoids. A probabilistic damage tolerance approach was recommended...
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 12 Damage-tolerance approach to life assessment. Curves indicate progression of damage from different nucleating conditions, with broken segments representing regimes in which a perfect NDE technique would remove the component from service. More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 3 Illustration of the damage tolerance approach to life assessment. Curves indicate progression of damage from different nucleating conditions, with broken segments representing regimes in which a perfect NDE technique would remove the component from service More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 7 Damage tolerance approach to life management of cyclic-limited engine components. The safety limit or residual life is the time for the initial flaw to grow and cause failure. The size of the initial flaw, a i , is based on the inspection method or material defect distribution More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 12 Damage-tolerance approach to life assessment. Curves indicate progression of damage from different nucleating conditions, with broken segments representing regimes in which a perfect nondestructive evaluation technique would indicate removal of the component from service. More
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003515
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article provides information on life assessment strategies and conceptually illustrates the interplay of nondestructive evaluation (NDE) and fracture mechanics in the damage tolerant approach. It presents information on probability of detection (POD) and probability of false alarm...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of high-cycle welded fatigue methods, cycle-counting techniques, and a discussion on ratcheting are also offered. A historical synopsis of fatigue technology advancements and commentary on component design and fabrication strategies to mitigate fatigue damage and improve damage tolerance are provided...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article describes three design-life methods or philosophies of fatigue, namely, infinite-life, finite-life, and damage tolerant. It outlines the three stages in the process of fatigue fracture: the initial fatigue damage leading to crack initiation, progressive cyclic growth...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... fluctuations. This article begins with an overview of fatigue properties and design life. This is followed by a description of the two approaches to fatigue, namely infinite-life criterion and finite-life criterion, along with information on damage tolerance criterion. The article then discusses...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003516
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article discusses the fundamental variables involved in fatigue-life assessment, which describe the effects and interaction of material behavior, geometry, and stress history on the life of a component. It compares the safe-life approach with the damage-tolerance approach, which...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... under estimated, which led to low-cycle fatigue cracking earlier than expected. Fracture mechanics analysis of the disks was carried out to assess their damage tolerance and to predict safe inspection intervals. Fatigue life Fracture mechanics Gas turbine engines Jet planes Low-cycle fatigue...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... “safe-life” to damage-tolerant design philosophy Development of materials with improved toughness Seam-welded high-energy piping failures ( Ref 12 ) 1986–2000 Cavitation and creep voids in welds resulting in catastrophic high-energy rupture Development of elevated-temperature life assessment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006802
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of stiffeners on stress distribution Establishment of aircraft structural integrity program in 1958 F-111 aircraft 94 wing pivot fitting ( Ref 11 ) 1969 Fatigue failure due to material defect in high-strength steel Improved inspection techniques Change from fatigue “safe-life” to damage-tolerant design...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001460
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... Abstract Tie bars of a dragline excavator each consisted of a rectangular section steel bar to which eye-pieces, to facilitate anchorage, were attached by butt-welds. Failure of one weld in each bar after seven years of service allowed the boom to fall and become extensively damaged...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... flaw size, consideration of stress intensities at such flaws is necessary as a fleet maintenance philosophy. Consequently, the use of air Force damage tolerance requirements of MIL-A-83444 are applicable. To eliminate SCC in existing design applications, removal of at least one of the two prime causal...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...) and the high probability that it existed from the time of manufacture, the damage tolerance of this brace of the strut was high. Remedial Action A fleet-wide inspection of the struts was recommended. How Failure Could Have Been Prevented Improved control of manufacturing processes...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046418
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... contributing factors to localization of the cavitation erosion. Recommendations included adopting inspection procedures to ensure that the specified properties of aluminum alloy 6061-T6 were obtained and that the combustion chamber and adjacent components were aligned within specified tolerances. In a similar...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0046870
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... of the introduction of water into the oil. Recommendations included taking additional precautions in operation and maintenance to prevent the use of oil containing any water through filling spouts or air vents. Also, polishing to remove pitting corrosion (but staying within specified dimensional tolerances...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003514
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of fracture (PROF) computer code to quantify the probability of failure of aircraft structures with consideration of inspection, structural replacement, and repair ( Ref 24 ). The commercial aircraft gas turbine engine industry is adopting a probabilistically-based damage tolerance analysis method...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... is tilted away, showing the damage to the liner. It is clear that this damage is greatest just down-rotation of the volute cuttwater, the region of lowest pressure. Fig. 1 Suction volute liner and rotor showing impeller face. Fig. 2 Damage to the suction volute liner. Testing procedure...