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cylindrical compression test

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001347
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... requirements AAR M-128 Grade B. The tank, according to specification drawings, was to be built, tested, and stamped per Class ICC 112A340-W specification. The nominal thickness cited in the specification drawings is 1.587 cm (0.625 in.) and the heads are 1.746 cm (0.687 in.). The safety relief valve...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001446
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... process of fatigue. The precise cause of the extension which led to final failure can only be surmised, but it was considered that thermal stresses, arising from the heat of compression, may have played a significant part. The results of notched-bar tests, with the notches orientated in the direction...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001547
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... for 17-7 PH CH900 and for Custom 455 CH850 stainless steels. Laboratory testing of these two materials in the form of compression springs confirmed the superiority of the 17-7 PH over Custom 455. Aerospace components Coil springs Surface defects 302 UNS S30200 17-7 PH UNS S17700 Custom 455...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and fracture. Next, the mechanisms of void nucleation and void coalescence are briefly described. Macroscale and microscale appearances of ductile and brittle fracture are then discussed for various specimen geometries (smooth cylindrical and prismatic) and loading conditions (e.g., tension compression...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... specimen geometries (smooth cylindrical or prismatic) and loading conditions (e.g., tension compression, bending, torsion). Several different appearances are also possible at both the macroscale and microscale level, and the appearance of a fracture surface is influenced by: External loading...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...-Notch testing [ 2 ]. Furthermore the 0.2% offset compressive yield strength of A2 tool steel is 1,350 MPa (196,000 psi) when hardened to 50 HRC. This value was a bit lower than D2 and may be more favorable when considering abrasive wear with the bushing material. The end result was that A2 could...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... to be of the order of 242–250, falling to 180 at mid-width, i.e. there was a hardness gradient through the plate that almost certainly developed at the time when it was rolled to cylindrical form. Similar tests on the section through the fish-plate showed values of the order of 192 adjacent to the surface, falling...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... that the total number of stress cycles imposed in the course of the working life was comparatively small. The early engineers were concerned primarily with “static” stresses and interested themselves particularly in the 99 static” mechanical properties of materials, of which the tensile test came to be regarded...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001844
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... can be calculated on the basis of a thick-walled cylinder [ 4 ]. The estimated hoop tensile stress σ θ and the radial compressive stress σ r on the hole wall can be defined by following expressions according to the deformation theory of elasticity, using cylindrical polar coordinate system [ 4 , 5...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... fatigue cracks in a bellows convolute. One such crack was recently shown to have initiated from a weld heat-affected zone liquation microcrack. The crack, initially open to the outer surface of the rolled and seam welded cylindrical bellows section, was closed when cold forming of the convolutes placed...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006768
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... ), where thousands of grains are sampled in a typical measurement. When the material is in tension, the d -spacing increases in the direction of stress, and when the material is in compression, the d -spacing decreases. The presence of residual stresses in the material produces a shift in the XRD peak...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006930
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Abstract Rheology is defined as the study of the flow and deformation of matter. This article begins with an examination of flow behavior. It describes the geometries and methods employed for rheological testing of polymers in their molten state. It also discusses materials...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001583
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... condition. A tensile specimen was fabricated from each of the six retaining rods in order to confirm the mechanical properties of the H1050 heat treatment. Only one tensile specimen was fabricated from each retaining rod, since a heavier priority was placed on fatigue testing (see Table 4 ). Cylindrical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... modes of adhesive wear including scoring, scuffing, seizure, and galling, and describes the processes involved in classic laboratory-type and standardized tests for the evaluation of adhesive wear. It includes information on standardized galling tests, twist compression, slider-on-flat-surface, load...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001596
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
..., perhaps due to other test requirements, options should be explored to increase the fatigue performance of the spring. Shot peening the springs is one such option. Shot peening has been used to increase the fatigue strength of helical springs in many applications by inducing a compressive residual stress...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003528
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... compressive residual stresses generally act to increase the crack opening thresholds for given loading stresses ( Fig. 13 ). Fig. 12 Effect of tensile residual stress (RS) on fracture loads as a function of test temperature. Source: Ref 34 Fig. 13 Crack tip opening of a shot-peened...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... based on maximum strain). Additionally, some criteria take into account polar behavior (unequal tensile and compressive failure stresses), anisotropic behavior, and nonconstancy of volume during deformation. The historically early models (Rankine, Tresca, von Mises, and octahedral shear) were...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001702
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... ), “Compressive Strength of Cylindrical Concrete Specimens,” was used to determine the compressive strength. Sections were cut from both the east and the west facing sides of the cores and tested under compression using a universal tensile testing machine. The number of permeable voids were determined...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001601
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... and the mandrel (which are locked together) rotate, and the forming roller follows the mandrel at a preset that has been programmed into a CNC flow forming machine. The preform metal is plasticized by the local application of heavy compressive forces exerted by conical rollers. The deformed metal takes the shape...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001724
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... of the austenitic steel was ±47,000 psi. This is rather low, being about 35% of the ultimate tensile strength, whereas it should be nearer 46% in martensitic steels. The stress conditions in this test (from 47,000 tension to 47,000 compression) were so different from service stressing (from zero to 62,500 psi...