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cyclic bending stress

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0047823
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... that the shafts were made of 4340 steel. Hardness traverses indicated that the shaft metal was within an acceptable hardness range. High cyclic bending stresses were caused by misalignment between the electric motor and compressor and were transmitted to the shaft through the geared coupling. Measurements...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001842
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... steel heat affected zone metallurgical notch ring test cyclic bending stress fatigue limit ASTM A106 (seamless carbon steel pipe) UNS K02501 Introduction The fractured part of concern is a long, slender roll that was located in the dryer section of a paper manufacturing machine. Paper...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001136
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... analysis techniques 6 . Under ordinary operating conditions such studies confirmed that normal dynamic cyclic bending stresses in the shroud plate were low, typically less than 20 MPa, but could potentially run to 30 or 40 MPa if resonances were approached. The closest approach to resonance conditions...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001264
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... from the plate section for chemical analysis. Visual Examination of General Physical Features Figure 1 shows the as-received device. Failure resulted from fracture of the plate section across the first screw hole. This is the area of maximum cyclic bending stress during service. Fig. 1...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001763
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... gear box, the rotating shaft usually endures loadings associated with torsion and bending moments, producing a steady torsion stress and cyclic bending stress. As a result, the shafts are susceptible to fatigue failure during the operation [ 1 ]. In this study, the reverse shaft was used...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0048150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... by visual examination. Fatigue striations originating from cracks at the 0.025 mm radius inside corner at the bend were revealed by SEM of the fractured surface. The maximum stress at the bend, in stock of maximum thickness and as a function of the radius of the 135 deg corner, was indicated by stress...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c0047779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... Abstract Two A6 tool steel (free machining grade) shafts, parts of a clamping device used for bending 5.7 cm OD tubing on an 8.6 cm radius, failed simultaneously under a maximum clamping force of 54,430 kg. The shaft was imposed with cyclic tensile stresses due to the clamping force...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001733
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... alternating stress, and buckling (compressive) cyclic loading. The mode of failure was found to be reversed bending fatigue caused by drive cables moving over guide pulleys of small radii. Modifications of the machinery and drive cable system were suggested. Bending fatigue Drive cables Rubber...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0046217
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... mating blade at the location of the initial bend. Evidence found supports the conclusions that the residual stress probably originated with straightening, and the apparent absence of stress in the fractured blade was the result of relaxation through fracture. Because no prior crack damage could...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0046195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... Abstract A pilot-valve bushing fractured after only a few hours of service. In operation, the bushing was subjected to torsional stresses with possible slight bending stresses. A slight misalignment occurred in the assembly before fracture. The bushing was made of 8617 steel and was case...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001547
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... Abstract Life testing of cyclic loaded, miniature extension springs made of 17-7 PH stainless steel wire and AISI 302 Condition B stainless steel wire has shown end hook configuration to be a major source of weakness. To avoid cracking and subsequent fatigue failure, it was found that stress...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c0090908
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... Abstract An irrigation pipe made of medium-density PE failed during service. This pipe was subjected to severe cyclic-bending strain of the order of 6% while under tensile stress of approximately 6.9 MPa (1000 psi) and a hoop stress of approximately 6.2 MPa (900 psi), far more stringent...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... revealed an abnormal wear pattern, consistent with the application of elevated bending loads. The root cause of failure was determined to be an increase in service stresses after bearing replacement along with the presence of nonmetallic inclusions in the shaft. pinion shaft fracture nonmetallic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0048134
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... bend 3 the springs were subjected to impact loading by a plastic loading member, which moved a driven member approximately 0.5 mm (0.020 in.). This complex loading system developed very complicated stress patterns along the length of the springs. The springs were examined by high-power microscopy...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0046870
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... (hydraulic oil) became corrosive in service because of the introduction of water into the oil. Corrosion pits acted in combination with cyclic torsional and reversed-bending stresses to cause corrosion-fatigue cracking. Recommendations It was recommended that additional precautions be taken...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... cracks were initiated by cyclic stress imposed by exchanger tubes. The gas-liquid mixture passed through cracks under tube-side pressure, resulting in severe corrosion of the steel backing plate. The failure started with the loosening of the expanded tube-to-tubesheet joints. Loose joints allowed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001511
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... together and broke, leading to the separation of the shaft. The cause of failure was fatigue crack initiation and crack growth under reverse bending cyclic stresses. There was no indication that misalignment existed because there was no indication of fretting at the bolt holes in the flange at the end...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of crack, and the sudden fracture of the remaining cross section. The article discusses the effects of loading and stress distribution on fatigue cracks, and reviews the fatigue behavior of materials when subjected to different loading conditions such as bending and loading. The article examines...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c0048728
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... of chlorides and sulfates in the cooling water contributed to corrosion by the formation of basic copper chlorides and sulfates. The corrosion pits acted as stress raisers that, in combination with residual stresses from tube bending and mild cyclic stresses in service, promoted crack growth. Recommendations...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... m ) Safe-life, finite-life Local strain concept Low-cycle fatigue curve, ε a = f ( N i ) Cyclic stress-strain (σ a -ε a ) curve Damage tolerance Fracture mechanics concept Threshold value, Δ K th Crack growth diagram, da / dN = f (Δ K , R ) Fracture toughness, K Ic...