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cyclic bending stress

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0047823
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... that the shaft metal was within an acceptable hardness range. High cyclic bending stresses were caused by misalignment between the electric motor and compressor and were transmitted to the shaft through the geared coupling. Measurements on shafts using a flexible disk-type coupling indicated cyclic bending...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001842
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... concentration carbon steel heat affected zone metallurgical notch ring test cyclic bending stress fatigue limit ASTM A106 (seamless carbon steel pipe) UNS K02501 Introduction Description of the Fractured Roll Roll Balance Condition and Critical Speed Analysis of the As-Manufactured Condition...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0048150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...-in.) inside radius at the corner of a stamped bend. The very small radius resulted in a high stress-concentration factor in the spring, which caused the maximum applied stress to approach the allowable limit. Tool marks at the bend were not considered major causes of fracture. Cyclic loading resulted from cam...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c0047779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
...Abstract Abstract Two A6 tool steel (free machining grade) shafts, parts of a clamping device used for bending 5.7 cm OD tubing on an 8.6 cm radius, failed simultaneously under a maximum clamping force of 54,430 kg. The shaft was imposed with cyclic tensile stresses due to the clamping force...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001733
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... bending alternating stress, and buckling (compressive) cyclic loading. The mode of failure was found to be reversed bending fatigue caused by drive cables moving over guide pulleys of small radii. Modifications of the machinery and drive cable system were suggested. Bending fatigue Drive cables...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0046217
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... of the unfailed mating blade at the location of the initial bend. Evidence found supports the conclusions that the residual stress probably originated with straightening, and the apparent absence of stress in the fractured blade was the result of relaxation through fracture. Because no prior crack damage could...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0046195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
...Abstract Abstract A pilot-valve bushing fractured after only a few hours of service. In operation, the bushing was subjected to torsional stresses with possible slight bending stresses. A slight misalignment occurred in the assembly before fracture. The bushing was made of 8617 steel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001547
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... that stress concentration depended on end hook bend sharpness. Also, interference fits are to be avoided in the end hooks of small springs. Additionally, a need for careful consideration of the stress-corrosion properties of candidate materials for spring applications has been demonstrated by stress-corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... elements revealed an abnormal wear pattern, consistent with the application of elevated bending loads. The root cause of failure was determined to be an increase in service stresses after bearing replacement along with the presence of nonmetallic inclusions in the shaft. pinion shaft fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c0090908
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
...Abstract Abstract An irrigation pipe made of medium-density PE failed during service. This pipe was subjected to severe cyclic-bending strain of the order of 6% while under tensile stress of approximately 6.9 MPa (1000 psi) and a hoop stress of approximately 6.2 MPa (900 psi), far more...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001136
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... speeds of 750 rpm (12.5 Hz) and strains measured and resonances evaluated using a telemetry system and modal analysis techniques 6 . Under ordinary operating conditions such studies confirmed that normal dynamic cyclic bending stresses in the shroud plate were low, typically less than 20 MPa, but could...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... growth of crack, and the sudden fracture of the remaining cross section. The article discusses the effects of loading and stress distribution on fatigue cracks, and reviews the fatigue behavior of materials when subjected to different loading conditions such as bending and loading. The article examines...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001511
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... together and broke, leading to the separation of the shaft. The cause of failure was fatigue crack initiation and crack growth under reverse bending cyclic stresses. There was no indication that misalignment existed because there was no indication of fretting at the bolt holes in the flange at the end...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001264
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... from fracture of the plate section across the first screw hole. This is the area of maximum cyclic bending stress during service. Fig. 1 As-received Jewett nail implant. Figure 2 shows the mating fracture surfaces. It is evident that failure initiated at the outside (convex) surface...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001763
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... gear box, the rotating shaft usually endures loadings associated with torsion and bending moments, producing a steady torsion stress and cyclic bending stress. As a result, the shafts are susceptible to fatigue failure during the operation [ 1 ]. In this study, the reverse shaft was used...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... 45 right-hand and 45 left-hand bends were made per hour on the machine; the total number of bends made before the shafts failed was not known. The tensile stress on the shafts was also cyclic, because the clamping force was removed after each bend was made. Investigation Analysis of the steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006830
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
..., producing high-frequency cyclic bending stresses in the rope. Vibration is most severe at the connection end of the rope and can result in premature fatigue failure. Corrosion is another common cause of wire-rope failure. The corrosive atmospheres in which wire ropes operate are created by blast...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... service. Shock Loading Shock loading of a wire rope can cause it to vibrate, producing high-frequency cyclic bending stresses in the rope. Vibration is most severe at the connection end of the rope, and can result in fatigue failure. Example 2: Fatigue Failure of a Steel Wire Rope Resulting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... m ) Safe-life, finite-life Local strain concept Low-cycle fatigue curve, ε a = f ( N i ) Cyclic stress-strain (σ a -ε a ) curve Damage tolerance Fracture mechanics concept Threshold value, Δ K th Crack growth diagram, da / dN = f (Δ K , R ) Fracture toughness, K Ic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... stages of propagation of fatigue cracks in rods subjected to torsion. Fatigue can initiate on planes of maximum shear (longitudinal or transverse), then propagate under cyclic or fluctuating tensile stress acting at 45° to the circular rod axis. An X-pattern can form under reversed torsional loading...