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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article focuses on the mechanisms and common causes of failure of metal components in lifting equipment in the following three categories: cranes and bridges, particularly those for outdoor and other low-temperature service; attachments used for direct lifting...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001404
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... of the external surface had taken place in the form of confluent pitting over a band adjacent to the fillet weld which attached the pan to the blocking ring. Numerous cracks were present in this corroded zone. Microscopical examination of several specimens cut from the sample revealed that the internal cracks...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... of the aluminum equipment that was in operation prior to the installation of the mercury-removal bed. Butt welds Chemical processing equipment Ethylene Hydrocarbons Mercury Repair welding 5083-O UNS A95083 Intergranular corrosion Liquid metal induced embrittlement Background A through-wall...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in a laboratory, the requirements for on-site testing may involve the use of portable laboratories with metallographic equipment for grinding, mechanical polishing, and etching. Small specimens can be cut from a part on the site for preparation, examination, and photography immediately or upon return to a fully...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... embrittlement. Chemical processing equipment Installing ASTM A36 Brittle fracture Background Galvanized A36 steel anchor bolts fabricated by cold bending failed during installation in a chemical plant construction project. Applications Galvanized steel anchor bolts are commonly used...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001735
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
...Abstract Abstract A sample tube was removed from a reformer furnace for life assessment after 69,000 h of service. Sections were cut from the tube, which was a spindle cast A297 Grade HK 40 (25 Cr, 20 Ni, 0.4 C) austenitic steel of 122.5 mm OD and 10.5 mm nominal wall thickness. They were...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001130
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... concentration factor that aggravated the brittleness of the steel. Recreational equipment 430 UNS S43000 Hydrogen damage and embrittlement Brittle fracture Heat treating-related failures Background The seat on one of the swings of a heavy-duty swing set installed at an elementary school...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... containing soft ceramic shot filler. (Note the round particles in the epoxy at the top.) The specimen is annealed H13 hot work die steel, and it was etched with picral. Fig. 16 Light micrograph showing cutting damage (arrows at left) and a burr at the corner of a specimen of commercial-purity...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001580
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
..., 13.87 in. tall, and has a wall thickness of 0.044 in. There is a small shoulder cut on the inside of the can where the plug is positioned. The wall thickness below the shoulder is 0.060 in. The plug is a hollow circular cylinder closed at the top and bottom. It is 4.507 in. in diameter, 0.75...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... precipitation. The transgranular cracks indicated that failure was due partly to stress-corrosion. It was concluded that the chlorides provided the main corrodent for both the stress and intercrystalline-corrosion cracking. Chemical processing equipment Chlorides Corrosion environments Heat...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...General classification of abrasive wear in mining and minerals processing equipment Table 1 General classification of abrasive wear in mining and minerals processing equipment Classification Gouging abrasion High-stress abrasion Low-stress abrasion Erosion-corrosion Abrasive size...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... is a problem, probably the most severe environment is in the excavation, earth-moving, mining, and minerals-processing industries, where component deterioration occurs in a wide variety of equipment, such as bulldozer blades, excavator teeth, rock drill bits, crushers, slushers, ball mills and rod mills...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... failures, pressure control valve failures, low water cut-offs that lead to improper coolant levels, and simple operator errors or improper maintenance of equipment account for a sizable fraction of recorded pressure boundary failures. A large number of failures result from causes designated as “other...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... can be aided by the use of cetyl alcohol as a lubricant. Finally, it is recommended that all machining of high-strength steels be performed using fixtured equipment with specified and controlled cutting speeds, feeds, and coolants. References References 1. Structures Manual , Grumman Aircraft...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001536
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... a matter of removing these surface deposits. Component decontamination is desirable both from the standpoints of reducing personnel exposure to radiation and of reducing the likelihood of subsequent contamination of laboratory space and equipment. In failure analysis, the need to decontaminate the failed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001378
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... a period of 3 years. No specifications were available. Specimen Selection Of the two stud bolts submitted for examination, one was relatively easily removed from the die, but the other proved too difficult to remove with available equipment. Visual Examination of General Features Visual...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001074
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract A cast housing, part of a multi-shaft yoking mechanism, failed during assembly and installation of the equipment in which it was to be used. The housing, or yoke body, was cast from AISI 420 grade ferritic stainless steel. Analysis revealed that the failure was caused...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001482
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... at the welds between the tubes and return bends and the cause was found to be defective welding. It was therefore decided to cut off the bends and re-weld them into position and in the course of this operation cracks developed in some of the tubes adjacent to the welds. Three half-sections showing typical...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001632
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... a stepped groove in the shield. Following extraction of the irradiated window insert from the facility, the Monitor system was employed to cut the window from the shield using a special remotely operable band saw. Special fixtures holding the insert and window were in place. This operation is shown in Fig...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001675
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
..., as is the common practical situation for such equipment. Fig. 4 Cutting plan of the piece analyzed. Part 40B is the piece cut out from between the two parts shown in Figure 4a . Part 40B 1 was then examined metallographically as shown in Figures 5 , 6 and 7 . Fig. 5 The metallographic...